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VOA常速英语新闻:科学家警告人工智能对人类的利与弊

比目鱼 于2016-05-13发布 l 已有人浏览
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自动武器的风险在于人们会将它们当作穷人的大规模毁灭性武器使用,它在穷人手里就成为了核武器。罗素表示国际社会需要出台禁止这种类型武器条约。
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From the personal assistant Siri, to doing searches on the Internet, to the autopilot function, simple artificial intelligence, or AI, has been around for some time, but is quickly getting more complex and more intelligent.

"If we are going to make systems that are going to be more intelligent than us, it’s absolutely essential for us to understand how to absolutely guarantee that they only do things that we are happy with."

Computer science professor Stuart Russell says, many present-day jobs that are labor intensive, or require data analysis, such as in the financial industry, will be replaced by machines with artificial intelligence.

"But if we replaced all the jobs that require human physical labor and then we replace all the jobs that require human mental labor, then you have to ask, What’s left?"

Guruduth Banavar of IBM sees a future in which new jobs such as data engineering will be created.

"The future will require everybody to work with these learning reasoning machines.So I think the skill set for many of these jobs will end up being different in the future."

Russell envisions that AI will change the economy and the current way of life.

"Most people will be employed, possibly even self-employed, in providing individualized personal services to other human beings, that we won't have mass employment in manufacturing or in financial services.”

“The kinds of scenarios where there is a giant factory or a giant office building with thousands of people doing the same thing will go away."

Artificial intelligence is already transforming the health care industry.AI can process huge amounts of data and have the most up-to-date research to help doctors diagnose and treat patients.IBM's Watson technology is already in hospitals in North and South America, Europe and Asia.

"The different between going to a doctor who has Watson versus not having Watson is very big, because when you go to a doctor today you might find somebody who is 10 years out of date."

But there is also a dangerous side of artificial intelligence-autonomous weapons out of drone technology .

"The risk with autonomous weapons is that people will use them as a kind of poor man's weapon of mass destruction-a poor man's nuclear weapon."

Russell says the international community need to create treaties to ban this type of weapon.

"It is a race against time because the weapons are starting to emerge, the research is moving into development, development is moving into production."

While it is up for debate whether artificial intelligence will hurt or benefit mankind, researchers say, it is a fact that the technology is and will continue to transform many aspects of life.

 

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