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VOA常速英语新闻:利比亚难民死伤触目惊心

比目鱼 于2016-06-20发布 l 已有人浏览
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5月份,有近1.9万北非偷渡者抵达意大利。有2100多人在今年穿越地中海偷渡的过程中死去。根据联合国数据的估测,还有23.5万难民现在正在利比亚等待着偷渡到欧洲,这些难民中有很多是无家可归的孤儿。
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Some 19,000 migrants arrived in Italy in May from North Africa. More than double than previous months. More than 13,000 people were rescued in the central Mediterranean region in a single week — the highest weekly total ever reported. As the numbers rise, the European Union recently opted to extend for another year its Operation Sophia, targeting smugglers and migrant boats. 

"Migrants and, most importantly, smugglers are adapting to the new policy taken by Europe,” he said. “They're just adapting to the different environment, which means that basically that the problem is not receding." 

Over 2,100 people have died so far this year crossing the central Mediterranean. Earlier this month, the EU revealed plans to enhance cooperation with key countries on migration routes, especially Libya. But with the country still fractured between rival administrations and militias,finding an effective partner is all but impossible says Fabiani. 

"The Libyan coast guard will nominally cooperate with the National Unity Government and Europe on this issue. But then, effectively, what will happen is that behind closed doors, they actually strike deals with the militias handling these smuggling routes, and will turn a blind eye or will turn back some of the migrants to these militias." 

Amnesty International accuses the Libyan coast guard of widespread abuses against the migrants. The group interviewed dozens of people who had survived the crossing — and who described horrific treatment.

 "We have documented cases of shootings, abandonment, beatings by the Libyan coast guard themselves as they were rescuing people. And even more importantly, horrible cases of torture and abuse of people in the detention centers where these refugees and migrants are taken. 

 In one case, several migrants described being abandoned at sea by the coast guard after their boat engine broke down. 

 "What's crucial is that the European Union doesn't treat Libya as it has been treating Turkey, and pretends that Libya can somehow hold back refugees and migrants who are trying to make their way to Europe. 

 The United Nations says over 7,000 unaccompanied children made the journey from North Africa to Italy in the first five months of the year — many of them at huge risk of exploitation. The UN estimates there are another 235,000 migrants trying to reach Europe who are currently waiting in Libya, tens of thousands of them children traveling alone. Henry Rachel, the VOA news, London.

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