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VOA常速英语新闻:塞内加尔推行生育间隔 或可减少贫困

比目鱼 于2016-07-03发布 l 已有人浏览
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在塞内加尔,计划生育的话题刚出现没多久,就引起了不小的争议。12月初,有2000多名塞内加尔公民参加了有关计划生育的国际会议。会中,塞内加尔总统阿卜杜拉耶强调了其国所面临的困境。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

On a busy day at the Fith Mith Clinic in a suburb of Guédiawaye, just outside of Dakar, Mamy Diop had just given birth to her third child, only one year and three months after the previous. She did not know about family planning before, but she does now. 

I just decided to take birth spacing measures and will ask soon about which method I should use. 

Family Planning is an emerging and somewhat controversial topic in Senegal where more than 2,000 participants met in early December for the International Conference on Family Planning. Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade highlighted the dilemma his country faces. 

To survive, it is good to limit the number of children, but this should, again, be a decision made completely voluntarily. We are consequently believers, and we cannot impose contraceptive methods, methods which prevent procreation. 

But more and more, families are seeking contraception to space or limit births despite the associated taboos in the country, which is more than 90 percent Muslim.Some people say Islam is against family planning, but life is getting more and more difficult. Historically, the only acceptable application of family planning has been birth spacing for the health of the mother and the child. But religious leaders increasingly are invoking the Quran's message of financial responsibility. 

Islam has discussed this. If resources are limited and the family size is too large, there will be problems for the family. We are already living a situation of scarcity and we should talk openly. We have many children here, but what kind of children do we have? 

Many Muslim scholars say that, barring abortion, the faithful can use many types of birth control - but only if it is critical for the sake of the mother or the family's finances. If both are healthy, the consensus is that parents should continue to reproduce. If not, families have many choices. 

This is the intrauterine device, this the cycle necklace, these are injectables, this is the feminine condom, the pills, there are implants, plus the male condom. 

Mariama Baye is the head nurse and midwife at the Fith Mith Clinic. She says none of those methods cost more than $1 per month and demand is on the rise despite persistent social obstacles. With our efforts and discussions in the neighborhoods, women now understand what birth spacing is and they want to come. When we say birth limitation, they don't listen. So we say birth spacing. With birth spacing, I hope the final goal will be the limitation of births. 

The clinic participates in an urban family planning project funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and coordinated by Intrahealth, a private American organization that supports health workers throughout the world. Pape Gaye is the Intrahealth's CEO and a native of Senegal. 

We've seen way too many people in the streets, way too many people who are not going to school, way too many poor people. You have the visible sign of poverty, which is part of refusing to control population. 

This is Nic Lum reported from VOA news, Dakar.

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