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VOA常速英语新闻:卢布贬值影响俄罗斯餐饮行业

比目鱼 于2016-07-18发布 l 已有人浏览
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虽然在过去的10年中,莫斯科餐饮业发展迅猛,但俄罗斯的经济疲软、卢布的贬值、高通货膨胀率已经开始产生负面影响。
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Moscow's casual dining scene has grown exponentially in the past decade, but Russia's economic decline, the drop in the value of the ruble and high inflation are taking a toll. Igor Bukharov, president of the Russian Federation of Restaurateurs & Hoteliers, estimated that as many as 30 percent of restaurants in Moscow this year might be forced to close as Russians tighten their belts. 

The restaurants close down not only because of a high rent or low purchase power of the population, but because of our gastronomic culture as people come to the restaurants not just to dine, but they come for leisure time. Bukharov said midrange restaurants are suffering the most as Russians look to cheaper fast food to save money. Many landlords peg restaurant space to U.S. dollars or euros, so the drop in the value of the Russian currency effectively doubled their rates. Anton Lyalin, managing partner of steakhouse chain Torro Grills, says he have not choice but to cut costs. 

But any crisis turns you to be more creative, to be more efficient. We have to see where we spend money in terms of labor. We have to see where our costs are and we have to cut them. To still survive, we have to renegotiate our deals about rent, which was a big deal for the last two months in the whole industry. 

Lyalin sources meat locally, so, unlike European-themed restaurants, he was not terribly hurt by Russia's ban on Western food imports. But a newer seafood restaurant it opened, featuring lobster, had to switch to Russian crab after authorities put a stop to lobster imports. For Muscovites who want to cook at home but may not be great at it, Katerina Cronstedt, founded an online dinner kit delivery service. 

It's becomes too expensive to go to restaurants, but people still want high-quality food, which we can offer them. And, since we're based in a restaurant, an existing restaurant that has been around for 15 years, we have access to professionals, we have access to great quality meats and fish, which you cannot get in the shop. 

Cronstedt, a Swedish citizen born in Russia, is managing director of family-run Katerina Hotels. She says that while occupancy rates in her hotel chain have gone down slightly, her dinner kit delivery service is booming. Restaurant owners say that despite the pain of the economic downturn, the cost-cutting and competition will ultimately benefit consumers as their spending focuses on the best quality for the best price.

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