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VOA常速英语新闻:科特迪瓦等非洲国家大力发展酪脂树黄油产业

比目鱼 于2016-08-13发布 l 已有人浏览
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国际市场对酪脂树黄油的需求很高,以用于化妆品行业,或是替代巧克力中的可可油。科特迪瓦的两个邻国——布基纳法索和加纳都是世界领先的酪脂树黄油出口国。
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It’s harvest season for karité, or shea, in northern Ivory Coast, and just like every year, Alice Koné picks up the fallen fruit. She processes the kernels in the traditional way her grandmother taught her. It will take her hours of hard work to make the shea butter that will then be sold at the local market. 

Sometimes, shea butter pays well and we don’t need anything else. But when the harvest isn’t good, we have to get by with other products. 

Like Koné, most women in the shea industry in Ivory Coast work independently and sell locally. But shea butter is in high demand internationally for use in cosmetics or as a substitute for cocoa butter in chocolate. Neighboring Burkina Faso and Ghana are among the world’s leading exporters. Burkina Faso earns an estimated $33 million annually exporting shea. Ivory Coast is trying to catch up. In one village, women have teamed up in a shea co-op. 

When you work in group, there are a lot of ideas, and also financial backers can come help us. We have received some assistance, a funding capital, they built us a warehouse. If you work alone, people can’t help you. They can’t build a warehouse for every woman. 

In some fields in the area a new kind of shea tree is also being planted. This kind is more productive than the traditional wild type. And the country now has two mechanical processing units. Two years ago, the government began working to structure the shea sector, an effort spearheaded by Ali Keita. 

As soon as we have a strong cooperative structure, we will have clients in China, Europe and the United States. If we manage to create an inter-professional organization, it will allow the country to export shea butter internationally. 

Keita is also pushing for more regional cooperation among shea butter-producing countries.

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