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全球首个商用3D打印混凝土住宅

kira86 于2018-08-17发布 l 已有人浏览
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用3D打印打印出混凝土住宅?如此惊人的黑科技了解下。
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World's First Commercial 3D-Printed Concrete Homes Planned

全球首个商用3D打印混凝土住宅

You could be looking at the face of the future. They're just an idea right now, but these conceptual images show what could be coming soon to a neighborhood near you,the world's first commercial 3D printed concrete homes.

在这里你能窥见未来的面貌。现在这还只是一个理念,但是这些概念在不久的将来就会出现在你家附近的社区,这是世界上首个商用3D打印的混凝土住宅。

We start with a digital 3D model on your computer.This model can get sent to the 3D printer. And it will print it from bottom to top layer by layer, without any temporary supports or formwork until the object is complete.

我们从电脑上的数字3D模型开始。该模型可以发送到3D打印机,并在没有任何临时支撑或模板的情况下,自下而上逐层打印,直到对象全部打印完成。

Structural research engineer, Rob Wolfs says the technique is more environmentally friendly than traditional concrete construction methods,because almost all waste is eliminated, cutting CO2 emissions from cement production. "Replace material only where we need it layer by layer, thereby not realizing massive solid structures,but really thin hollow objects that only have the concrete structurally, where we need it and no concrete where we don't need it.So overall the building will use much less material and therefore be much more sustainable."

结构研究工程师罗布·沃尔夫斯说,这项技术比传统的混凝土施工方法更环保,因为几乎所有的废物都被消除,减少了水泥生产中的二氧化碳排放。仅在我们需要的地方逐层替换材料,这样就不会实现大块的固体结构,而是真正薄的空心物体。只在需要的地方有混凝土结构,而在不需要的地方没有混凝土。因此整体而言,建筑将使用更少的材料,这样更加环保。

Wolfs says 3D printing concrete allows irregular shapes to be designed which could make it a potential game-changer for the construction industry. "So objects that architects design that cannot be manufactured with traditional techniques are now suddenly possible. On the other hand, this also brings the construction industry closer to the end-user,because they can join in on the design process and customize objects instead of making houses and buildings that are all the same."The engineering team is planning to print the first house, a single floor dwelling, next year, and apply what they learned to future homes,all of which will be completely printed and constructed in the Meerhoven district of Eindhoven over the next five years.

沃尔夫斯说3D混凝土打印机可以设计出不规则的形状,这可能会改变建筑行业的游戏规则。因此,那些不能用传统技术制造的建筑设计现在会突然成为可能。另一方面,这也拉近了建筑行业与最终用户的距离,因为他们可以参与设计过程,定制对象,而不是建造千篇一律的房屋和建筑。工程小组计划明年打印出一栋单层住宅的第一套房子,并把他们所学到的东西应用到未来的住宅中。在未来五年内所有这些房屋都将在埃因霍温的梅尔霍芬区被完全印刷和建造。

Julie Taboh VOA News.

VOA记者茱莉·塔布。

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