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BBC: 减肥总是失败?或许可以试试这些方法

kira86 于2019-09-04发布 l 已有人浏览
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减肥总是不成功?科学家称可能与意志力无关,而是你的基因、荷尔蒙和心态在作祟。
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Tight jeans may not be in your genes

减肥总是失败?或许是你体内可能没有“瘦基因”

This time of year many of us resolve to get back into shape. But if you are having trouble fitting into your tight jeans, it may not be your fault. Scientists now believe that willpower alone is not enough lose weight. They say success depends on your genes, hormones and psychology.

每年这个时候都有许多人下决心恢复身材。但如果你穿不上你的紧身牛仔裤也不一定是你的错。科学家们现在都认为单靠意志力不足以减肥,还要取决于你的基因,荷尔蒙和心态。

A study of 75 people by BBC Science and Oxford and Cambridge Universities has looked into why one-size-fits-all diets are often not successful. The scientists divided over-eaters into three groups - people who feast, people who constantly crave food and emotional eaters. They tailored diets to the needs of each group.

英国广播公司科学频道和牛津大学、剑桥大学对75人进行了一项研究,探究了“一刀切”的饮食方法通常不成功的原因。研究者将这些饮食过量的人分为三组——大吃大喝的人,渴望吃东西的人,以及情绪化的食客。他们为每一组都量身定做了饮食。

Feasters can't stop eating once they start. This is because they don't have the hormones that tell them when they are full. Scientists designed a diet for this group featuring high protein foods that make them feel full for a long time. This included fish, chicken, basmati rice and grains. Bread and potatoes were not allowed because they do not fill you up for long.

大吃大喝的人一旦开始吃就停不下来。这是因为他们缺乏感受饱腹感的荷尔蒙。科学家们为这一组定做的食物以高蛋白食品为主,以使他们能长时间感到饱腹。这些食物包括鱼类,肌肉,印度香米和谷物类。面包和土豆不在这份食谱范围,因为它们的饱腹感持续时间短。

Constant cravers always feel hungry. Scientists say that certain genes disrupt the messages the stomach sends to the brain saying it is full, meaning the cravers always feel like they need more fatty, sugary food. Dieting seven days a week is very hard for these people, so scientists put them on a normal, healthy diet five days a week, and cut their calorie intake to 800 on two days a week.

渴望吃东西的人总是会感觉到饥饿。科学家们表示,这是因为他们体内某种基因干扰了胃部发送给大脑的饱腹感信息,也就是说这类人群总感觉想吃高脂高糖食品。要让这类人群一周七天都节食是很痛苦的,因此科学家们给他们制定的是一周节食五天,并且每周有两天要将摄入的卡路里减少到800.

Emotional eaters have got into the habit of eating whenever they feel stressed. To help them change this behaviour, scientists offered them group support in meetings and online as well as a diet. During the study, people from all three groups lost weight on the tailored diets, with feasters losing the most and constant cravers losing the least.

情绪化食客只要感到压力就会想吃东西。为了帮助他们改变这种行为习惯,科学家们在会议上、网络上以及饮食上为他们提供了群体支持。研究过程中,三组人遵照定做的食谱,体重都有所下降,其中胡吃海喝组的人群减重最多,渴望吃东西的一组人减重最少。

So what about you? If any of the eating habits sound familiar, perhaps you should consider a new approach to slimming.

那你呢?如果这三种饮食习惯你都觉得熟悉,或许你该考虑一下新的饮食方式来减肥了。

 

词汇表

to resolve

下决心

willpower

意志力、毅力

genes

基因

hormone

荷尔蒙

psychology

心态

one-size-fits-all

一成不变的

diet (n)

(为减轻体重的)节食

to feast

大吃大喝

to crave

非常想吃(某样食物),渴望

emotional

情绪化的

to tailor

专为……订制

protein

蛋白

to disrupt

干扰、扰乱

to diet

(动词)节食

calorie intake

卡路里的摄入

habit

习惯

behaviour

行为,习性

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