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英国研究:女生在校学习成绩更好

kira86 于2019-09-05发布 l 已有人浏览
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最近一项观察了全球74个地区150万15岁青少年的测试结果的研究得出,在世界各地,女孩在学校的表现都比男孩好。这是为什么呢?
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Girls do better at school

女生在校学习成绩更好

Around the world, girls do better than boys at school. These are the findings of a recent study that looked at the test results of 1.5 million 15-year-olds in 74 regions across the globe.

最近一项观察了全球74个地区150万15岁青少年的测试结果的研究得出,在世界各地,女孩在学校的表现都比男孩好。

The level of gender equality in those regions made no difference to the results. Other factors, such as the income level of the region also had little impact on the findings. In only three regions - Colombia, Costa Rica and the Indian state Himachal Pradesh - was the trend reversed with boys doing better.

这一结果不受这些地区的性别平等水平的影响。此外,诸如地区收入水平等其它因素对研究结果也鲜有影响。只有哥伦比亚、哥斯达黎加和印度喜马偕尔邦三个地区的男孩表现较好,扭转了这一趋势。

So what are the causes of girls' stronger performance? In the UK, girls outperform boys in exams that are taken at the age of 15 or 16, called GCSEs. According to education expert Ian Toone, this is down to the way girls and boys are brought up. "Boys are encouraged to be more active from an early age, whereas the restless movements of baby girls are pacified... Hence, girls develop the skill of sitting still for longer periods of time, which is useful for academic pursuits like studying for GCSEs."

那么为什么女孩的表现都更好呢?在英国,15岁或16岁学生参加的中学升学考试中,女生的表现要优于男生。据教育专家伊恩·卓一说,这要归因于男孩和女孩的成长方式。“男孩从小就被鼓励更加活跃,而女孩却从小被告知要文静……因此,女孩们能够长时间静坐,这对学业有好处,比如对中学升学考试考试很有帮助。”

He goes on to say that boys often cluster together in larger groups than girls. Because of this they are more likely to be influenced by peer pressure and develop a gang mentality. He says that GCSEs require a lot of solo work and are not viewed as 'cool' in a laddish culture.

他继续说道,男孩通常会比女孩更喜欢成群结队。因此,他们更可能感受到同龄人压力以及可能会产生帮派心态。他表示,GCSEs考试要求花大量时间单独学习,而这在男孩们的眼中一点都不“酷”。

This is backed up by research in the UK that says girls are out-performing boys at the age of five. So what is the answer? Should girls and boys be educated separately? Or do exams and school curricula need to be changed to better reflect boys' skills? These are the questions facing educators in many countries.

这一观点得到了英国一项研究的支持,该研究称,女孩在5岁时的表现优于男孩。到底是怎么回事呢?应该把男孩和女孩分开教育吗?或者该改变考试和学校课程以突显男孩的能力吗?这是许多国家教育工作者面临的问题。

 

词汇表

gender equality

男女平等

factor

因素

income level

收入水平

to reverse a trend

逆转一种趋势

to pacify

使安静、平定

academic pursuit

学术追求

to cluster

(人)聚集

to influence

影响

peer pressure

同龄人压力

gang mentality

帮派心态

solo

单独的,独自地

cool

laddish

幼稚的,孩子气的

school curricula

学校课程

to reflect

反映

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