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美国资深节目主持人采访的成功秘诀

kira86 于2019-09-23发布 l 已有人浏览
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通过问愚蠢的问题能挖掘出名人内心深处的想法吗?BBC《随身英语》透露美国资深谈话节目主持人 Larry King 成功的秘诀。
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What makes a good interview?

谈话类节目主持人采访的成功秘诀

Chat shows are the staple of late night entertainment TV in many countries. The US has some of the most famous hosts and the shows are syndicated worldwide.

在许多国家,访谈节目是主要的深夜娱乐电视节目。美国有一些这方面的最著名的主持人,他们的节目在世界各地转播。

Jon Stewart does comedy; Oprah Winfrey goes for heartfelt conversation. But what makes a good interview? Is it catching the guest off guard? Will they reveal something more personal - some juicy gossip that will have us chatting away on social media?

乔恩·斯图尔特风趣幽默;奥普拉·温弗瑞则真诚相待。但是怎样才能做一场好的访谈呢?是让嘉宾猝不及防吗?他们会透露一些更私人的东西——一些可供我们在社交媒体上流传的有趣八卦吗?

Larry King is a veteran. For more than 25 years he's been hosting nightly shows in which he interviews movie stars, politicians and ordinary people, who are thrown into the spotlight. And the secret to getting the best out of an interviewee? King says: "If you ask good questions and elicit thoughtful answers then you learn more about the person. If the interview's hard - if I begin by saying: 'Why did you do that?' I'd make you defensive. That may be thrilling television, but you don't learn a lot."

拉里·金是一名老兵。25年来,他一直主持晚间节目。他采访过电影明星、政客和普通人,这些受访嘉宾都是公众人物。那么,最大限度发掘受访者的秘诀是什么呢?金说:“问一些好问题,通过对方深思熟虑后给出的答案,就能对这个人有更多的了解。如果访谈是冷冰冰的——即如果我一开始就问:‘你为什么要那么做?’你会产生提防心理。那么这场访谈可能会令人兴奋,但你了解不到太多东西。”

King adds that he's learned that the more he draws back, listens to the answers, and cares about the guest the more he gets from the person. "You make the camera disappear", he says.

金补充说,他了解到,他越欲擒故纵,越表现出倾听和关心,受访者透露的信息就会更多。“受访者感觉不到摄像机的存在了”,他说。

Another thing Larry King does is ask open questions. He explains: "I don't want a 'no'. I don't want a 'yes'. I want a 'why'. So in other words, I want to be a little kind of dumb, I ask "What do you mean by that?'"

另外,拉里·金会问开放性的问题。他解释说:“我不想听到‘不’这样的回答,也不想对方回答“是”。我想要的是“为什么”。换句话说,我想变得愚钝一点,问对方“这句话是什么意思?”

Being amiable, courteous and curious about the person in front of them - maybe that's what makes a good chat show host. Their biggest talent is making the guest feel at ease. Another famous American host, David Letterman, seems to know it. He once said: "I cannot sing, dance or act; what else would I be but a talk show host." Good idea: let others do the singing - just make them relax and they'll tell us everything!

和蔼可亲,彬彬有礼,对受访者充满好奇——也许这就是一个好的聊天节目主持人的特质。他们最大的才能就是让客人感到自在。另一位著名的美国主持人大卫·莱特曼似乎知道这一点。他曾经说过:“我不会唱歌,不会跳舞,也不会演戏;除了做脱口秀主持人,我还能做什么呢?”好主意是:让别人来唱——让他们放松下来,这样我们就能知道想要了解的一切!

 

词汇表

chat show

访谈节目

staple

主要的,常规的

a host (noun)

主持人

to syndicate

把(电视广播节目)给媒体机构(以供播放)

heartfelt

真心实意的,诚挚的

to catch (somebody) off guard

乘人不备,使人措手不及

juicy gossip

八卦, 花边新闻

to be thrown into the spotlight

成为公众焦点

to elicit

引出,套出

defensive

辩解的,防卫的,保护的

thrilling

令人兴奋的、激动的

to draw back

后退,不咄咄逼人

open question / closed question

开放性问题/封闭性问题

dumb

笨的,傻的

amiable

和蔼可亲的,友好温和的

courteous

有礼貌的,客气的

to feel at ease

感到放松的

小e英语Lu翻译!

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