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人造钻石比天然钻石更环保?未必

kira86 于2019-05-14发布 l 已有人浏览
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哪种钻石对环境和我们生活的世界更有友好:是从传统矿场挖掘出来的钻石,还是实验室制造的钻石呢?
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Which Kind of Diamond Is Better for the Environment?

哪种钻石更环保?人造钻石or天然钻石?

Which kind of diamond is better for the environment and the world we live in: a diamond from a traditional mine or one made in a laboratory?

哪种钻石对环境和我们生活的世界更有友好:是从传统矿场挖掘出来的钻石,还是实验室制造的钻石呢?

Some recent reports suggest the answer may not be so clear. At the very least, these reports provide evidence of tensions between two different sectors of the diamond industry.

最近的一些报告表示,答案可能并不是那么明确。不过至少,这些报告提供了两个不同钻石行业之间关系紧张的证据。

Lab-grown diamond companies say they are more ethical and cause less harm to Earth's environment.

实验室培育钻石的公司表示,它们更道德,对地球环境的危害更小。

The traditional diamond sector notes that its businesses help the communities where they operate mines. It says they provide jobs, help build roads and other infrastructure and make investments in conservation.

传统钻石行业指出,他们的业务帮助到了他们经营矿山的社区。他们提供了就业机会,帮助建设道路及其它基础设施,并投资保护环境。

Some companies, such as De Beers, work on both sides. De Beers sells natural and man-made diamonds.

一些类似德比尔斯的公司,两个行业都有涉及。德比尔斯既出售天然钻石,也出售人造钻石。

In the United States, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) investigates reports of deceptive, or misleading, advertising. In April, the commission sent warning letters to eight lab-grown diamond companies.

在美国,联邦贸易委员会(FTC)调查了欺骗性或误导性广告的报告。今年4月,该委员会向经营实验室培育钻石的公司发出了警告信。

One of the FTC's concerns was the use of the word ‘eco-friendly,' and similar terms, to describe diamonds made in a laboratory. The lab-grown process requires very high temperatures and uses a lot of energy.

联邦贸易委员会关心的一点是,在描述实验室生产的钻石时,(广告)用到了“环保”等类似术语。实验室培育钻石的过程需要很高的温度和大量的能源。

Trucost is a company that estimates the costs of using natural resources. Asked by the Diamond Producers Association to study the issue, Trucost found the carbon intensity of natural diamonds was lower than lab-grown diamonds.

Trucost是一家评估使用自然资源成本的公司。在钻石生产商协会(Diamond Producers Association)的要求下,Trucost研究了这个问题,然后发现天然钻石的碳强度低于实验室培育的钻石。

The Trucost report did note that diamond miners should reduce their effect on the environment by using more renewable energy, such as wind power and sunlight.

Trucost的报告确实指出了“钻石开采商应该通过使用更多的可再生能源来减少他们对环境所造成的影响,比如风能和太阳能”这一点。

The Reuters news agency reported that the International Grown Diamond Association did not immediately respond to requests for comments about the story.

路透社(Reuters)报道称,国际培育钻石协会(International Grown Diamond Association)没有立即回应关于这则报告的置评请求。

I'm Susan Shand.

我是苏珊·尚德。

小e英语Jewel翻译!

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