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美国:关于“网络中立”的最新报道

kira86 于2010-05-21发布 l 已有人浏览
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Effort to Enforce 'Net Neutrality' in US Takes New Path高速下载 “网络中立”是美国社会特别是网络法学界近年来最
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Effort to Enforce 'Net Neutrality' in US Takes New Path


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“网络中立”是美国社会特别是网络法学界近年来最为火爆的词汇。它不仅在互联网与电信业界和学术界产生了轰动,甚至也成为遍及整个社会的公共政策问题。这一争论虽然尚无结果,却揭示出互联网及其产业的重要特点,从而为决策者制定合理的政策。专家认为其核心问题是,政府要不要对电信运营商们的某些越界行为进行管制,如果管制,又是否能够约束自己的行为,不至于取代业界的自我规制。

This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.

Officials in Washington recently lost a ruling over their power to enforce competition on the Internet. Now the Federal Communications Commission has a new plan.

The F.C.C. currently defines high-speed Internet as an information service. As such, its powers to set rules for broadband service have never been clearly recognized. But telephone service is a recognized area for the agency to regulate. So the F.C.C. proposes to redefine broadband as a telecommunications service.

Congress could give the agency clearer powers over broadband. But F.C.C. Chairman Julius Genachowski calls his plan "a third way."

He says the commission would act narrowly and enforce only parts of existing law. He says the government is not regulating the Internet. The changes are meant to support net neutrality -- the idea that all Web traffic should be treated equally.

Last month's ruling by a federal appeals court involved Internet service provider Comcast. The judges ruled that the F.C.C. had no legal basis for an effort to keep Comcast from limiting access to some services over its network. The company said file-sharing users were slowing its traffic.

Broadband providers say regulating them would hurt investment. Verizon Communications called the chairman's plan "legally unsupported."

As it happens, the plan was announced on May sixth -- the same day as the "flash crash" on American stock markets. The Dow Jones Industrial Average briefly suffered a severe drop.

On Tuesday, the Securities and Exchange Commission announced new "circuit breakers" to support orderly trading. The plan involves the Standard and Poor's list of five hundred stocks. Stock exchanges have agreed to temporarily halt trading of any stock that rises or falls ten percent or more within five minutes. The rules will be re-examined in six months and could be expanded.

And, in another development, the Senate voted Thursday to permit final debate and a vote on a financial reform bill. The House of Representatives has passed its own bill already. The House and Senate versions will need to be combined into final legislation for President Obama to sign into law.

The proposed changes in financial rules are the most extensive since the nineteen thirties. The president says the aim is not to punish banks but to protect the larger economy and the American people.

And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report, written by Mario Ritter. I'm Steve Ember.

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