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《杀死一只知更鸟》出版50周年,再掀阅读狂潮

kira86 于2010-07-08发布 l 已有人浏览
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Obama: US Exports on Track to Double in Five Years高速下载 This is the VOA Special English Education Report.Mi
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Obama: US Exports on Track to Double in Five Years


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This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

Millions of high school students have read "To Kill a Mockingbird." The novel by Harper Lee offers moral lessons about racial justice and respect. It tells the story of a young girl named Scout and her father, Atticus Finch, a lawyer. He defends a black man wrongfully accused of raping a white woman. In the end, an all-white jury sentences Tom Robinson to death.

The book is set in the American South in the nineteen thirties. But it was published fifty years ago, on July eleventh, nineteen sixty. It came out as the civil rights movement in the United States was gaining strength. Laws and customs in the South, however, still kept blacks and whites mostly separated.

A mockingbird is a kind of gray songbird. The book gets its title from something Atticus Finch was told in his childhood when his father gave him a gun. Gregory Peck won an Academy Award for the nineteen sixty-two film version.

ATTICUS FINCH: "I remember when my daddy first gave me that gun, he told me that I should never point at anything in the house, and that I could shoot all the blue jays I wanted, if I could hit them. But remember, it was a sin to kill a mockingbird."

Killing them is a sin, he explains, because they don't hurt anyone, they just make music. And that is the moral of the story, says Melinda Byrd-Murphy, head of the Alabama Center for Literary Arts.

She has read the book four times.

MELINDA BYRD-MURPHY: "I think if anything, this story talks about humanity and the universality of humans and how there's goodness in people and you just have to get to know one another."

Ms. Byrd-Murphy is a native of Harper Lee's hometown of Monroeville. The author, who published only the one novel, is still alive but rarely speaks publicly.

Some people say "To Kill a Mockingbird" treats racism in a way that is simplistic, even offensive to blacks, and out of date in today's America. Still, it has been translated into more than forty languages and has sold over forty million copies. It won a Pulitzer Prize and is often required reading in high school.

The story takes place in a town that Harper Lee called Maycomb. But she based the characters on real people she knew growing up.

Since then, Monroeville has changed a lot. A number of African-Americans serve in the local government. The courthouse, made famous by the book, is now a museum. A small shop and a fast-food restaurant called Mel's Dairy Dream have replaced Harper Lee's childhood home.

But in Monroeville and around the country, fans of "To Kill a Mockingbird" are celebrating its fiftieth anniversary. Events include readings, discussions and movie showings.

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, with reporting by Anna Boiko-Weyrauch. I'm Steve Ember.

数百万高中生都曾读过《杀死一只知更鸟》。哈泼·李的这本小说给读者上了关于种族平等和尊敬的一堂道德课。故事讲述的是一个小女孩Scout和她的父亲,律师Atticus Finch的故事。他为一名被错误的控告强奸白人妇女的黑人男子辩护。最终,全部都是白人的陪审团判处Tom Robinson死刑。
故事的背景是20世纪30年代的美国南部。但是直到50年前的1960年7月11日才出版,当时美国的民权运动势头逐渐增长。然而,南方的法律和惯例仍然将黑人和白人隔离开来。
知更鸟是一种黑色的会唱歌的小鸟。这本书的名字来自Atticus Finch童年时他的父亲给他枪的时候所讲的故事。Gregory Peck凭借根据这本小说改编的电影赢得了1962年的奥斯卡奖。
ATTICUS FINCH:“我记得我父亲第一次给我那把枪的时候,他告诉我,我永远不能射击房子里的任何东西,如果我愿意的话,我可以击毙所有蓝色的松鸡。但是一定要记住,杀死知更鸟是罪过。”
他解释到,杀死知更鸟是罪过,因为他们不伤害任何人,它们只是唱歌。阿拉巴马文学艺术中心负责人Melinda Byrd-Murphy说,这是这篇故事的寓意所在。
她阅读了这本书四次。
MELINDA BYRD-MURPHY:“我认为,这篇故事讲述的是人性,人类的普遍性,人内心都有着没得,你应该努力去了解其他人。”
Byrd-Murphy是哈泼·李的家乡Monroeville一名当地居民。作者只发表了这部小说。她仍然健在,但是很少在公共场合讲话。
有人说,《杀死知更鸟》以一种简单化的方式对待种族差别注意,甚至对黑人来说都是侮辱性的,在今天的美国,这已经过时了。然而,这部小说已经被译成40多种语言,销售了4000多万册。这部书还赢得了普利策奖,还通常是高中的必读书目。
故事发生在Harper Lee叫做Maycomb的小镇。但是她把人物的性格基于她所认识的人。
自那时起,Monroeville改变了很多。许多非裔美国人在当地政府任职。因这部小说而出名的法院现在成了博物馆。一家小商店和一个叫做Mel's Dairy Dream的快餐店代替了哈泼·李童年时的家。
但是在Monroeville和全国各地,《杀死一只知更鸟》的书迷们正在庆祝这本书出版五十周年。并发起了一系列阅读,讨论和电影放映等活动。

【词汇学习】

1.defend v.辩护; 辩解
例句:She defended herself successfully in court.
      她在法庭上成功地为自己进行了辩护。

2.racial adj.种族的; 存在或发生于种族之间的
例句:His speech did nothing for racial concord.
      他的讲话对种族和谐没有作用。
      They have long been involved in a crusade for racial equality.
      长期以来他们一直致力于争取种族平等的运动。

3.moral adj.道德的
例句:He turns every subject into a moral discussion.
      他把每个论题都变成了道德的讨论。

4.mostly adv.大部分, 主要地, 多半, 通常, 一般地
例句:She uses her car mostly for driving to work.
      她的汽车主要用于上下班。
      He has the occasional cigarette, but mostly he smokes a pipe.
      他偶尔抽香烟, 但通常是抽烟斗。

5.sin n.罪恶, 罪孽
例句:It's a sin to waste food.
      浪费食品是一种罪过。
      Lying, stealing, dishonesty and cruelty are sins.
      说谎、偷窃、不诚实和残忍都是罪孽。
6.universality n.普遍性;通用性;普适性;一般性

例句:universality of contradiction
      矛盾的普遍性

7.simplistic adj.过分单纯化的
8.replace vt.取代, 代替; 更换, 替换, 更新
例句:I will replace the cup I have broken with a new one.
      我愿用一只新杯子赔还被我打碎的那只。


【语法学习】

1.It came out as the civil rights movement in the United States was gaining strength.
come out出来
例句:Come out and get some fresh air.
      出来吸点新鲜空气。
      Why is it that you've come out against the proposal he put forward?
      为什么你要反对他提出的建议呢?
gain strength力量增加
例句:To guarantee our future stability we must ensure that the institutions which protect the rights and the safety and  security of our citizens continue to gain in strength.
       要维持社会稳定,就必须加强保障市民权利和社会治安的机制。

2.The author, who published only the one novel, is still alive but rarely speaks publicly.
rarely, seldom,hardly,scarcely, barely 的用法和区别
rarely,很少地,难得地,少见地
  seldom,表示频率,很少,不常,反义词often
  hardly 几乎不,简直不= almost not ,强调困难
  scarcely = hardly 几乎不,简直没有,仅仅,刚刚,用在be/助动词后,强调数量和程度的不足
  barely 仅仅,刚刚,几乎不能,强调勉强够数

3.But she based the characters on real people she knew growing up.
base on使建立在…基础上,立足
例句:We must base ourselves on the interests of the people.
      我们一定要从人民的利益出发。
      One should always base one's opinion on facts.
      我们应总是把自己的观点建立在事实的基础上。

4.Since then, Monroeville has changed a lot.
a lot,a lot of
a lot 副词 如:thanks a lot
a lot of只能修饰可数名词
a lot of=lots of 许多的 可以修饰可数名词和不可数名词
a lot是表示程度的一个词组 thanks a lot 多谢 know a lot about China 对中国了解很多

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