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美国公布首份统一课程标准,规定英语数学要求

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National Standards for US Schools Gain Support高速下载 This is the VOA Special English Education Report.Americ
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National Standards for US Schools Gain Support


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This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

Americans have never had national education standards. Goals for what public schools should teach are set by state and local school boards. Their members are often elected.

But some Americans say the lack of national standards is wrong in a competitive global economy. Former president Bill Clinton said it was as if somehow school boards "could legislate differences in algebra or math or reading."

President George W. Bush and Congress expanded federal intervention. His education law, still in effect, required states to show yearly progress in student learning as measured by the states' own tests.

Now, the Obama administration supports what are known as the Common Core State Standards. These were developed in a year-long process led by state governors and chief state school officers. Texas and Alaska were the only states not to take part.

The standards are in two subject areas, English-language arts and mathematics. They establish goals for each year from kindergarten through grade twelve. The aim is for students to finish high school fully prepared for college and careers.

The developers considered standards in other countries, along with almost one hundred thousand public comments.

One way the Education Department is trying to persuade states is with money. States are competing to share in almost three and a half billion dollars as part of a school reform competition. They will earn extra points in the Race to the Top if they approve the standards by August second.

States are trying to recover from the recession. There are concerns that some could accept the standards and then lack the money to follow them.

The final standards were released June second. A new report say about half the states have approved them already.

The Thomas B. Fordham Institute is an education group in Washington. It says the standards are clearer and stronger than those used in three-fourths of the states. But the comparison also found that existing English standards are "clearly stronger" in California, Indiana and the District of Columbia.

States that approve the new standards have a right to add up to fifteen percent of their own.

相关中文报道:

美国公布首份统一课程标准 规定英语数学要求

  据美国《纽约时报》报道,美国各州州长和公立学校校长近日在亚特兰大举行的会议上共同公布了一系列新的课程标准,规定了学生从学前教育到高中毕业所应学习的英语和数学知识及需要达到的能力水平。

  新标准是由美国州长协会和州首席教育官员理事会去年召集英语和数学专家编写的。奥巴马政府希望尽快采取新标准以终止目前各州课程标准混乱的局面。在一封联名信中,美国大城市教育委员会成员纽约市教育局局长乔尔·克莱恩以及54名其他大城市的教育主管也敦促各州采用新标准。美国是缺乏公立学校全国统一课程标准的少数发达国家之一,各州的课程标准存在很大区别,致使各州的考试成绩无法加以比较。

  目前,有多少州会采用新课程标准还不得而知。得克萨斯州和阿拉斯加州曾拒绝参与新标准的制定。根据奥巴马政府的“力争上游”竞赛计划,联邦政府将于今年9月给获胜的州拨款40亿美元,而在8月2日之前采用新标准的州在竞争中将获得优势地位。 

In California, the State Board of Education plans to vote on August second to accept or reject a new set of standards. These are based largely on the common core, but also existing California standards.

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, written by Avi Arditti. I'm Bob Doughty.

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