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一场战役(索尔伏里诺大战)与红十字会的诞生

kira86 于2009-07-03发布 l 已有人浏览
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An 1859 Battle in Italy, and the Birth of the Red Cross This is the VOA Special English Health Report.The Inte
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An 1859 Battle in Italy, and the Birth of the Red Cross




This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

The International Red Cross Movement grew out of a major battle in the unification of Italy. The Battle of Solferino took place one hundred fifty years ago, in June of eighteen fifty-nine. This past week, volunteers from Red Cross and Red Crescent societies around the world gathered in Solferino to mark the anniversary.

红十字运动基本原则

人道国际红十字与红新月运动的本意是要不加歧视地救护战地伤员。在国际和国内两方面,努力防止并减轻人们的疾苦,不论这种痛苦发生在什么地方。本运动的宗旨是保护人的生命和健康;保障人类尊严;促进人与人之间的相互了解、友谊和合作;促进持久和平。

公正本运动不因国籍、种族、宗教信仰、阶级偏见和政治见解而有所歧视,仅根据需要,努力减轻人们的疾苦,优先救济困难最紧迫的人。

中立为了继续得到所有人的信任,本运动在冲突双方之间不采取立场,任何时候也不参与带有政治、种族、宗教或意识形态的争论。
独立本运动是独立的。虽然各国红十字会是本国政府的人道助手并受本国法律的制约,但必须经常保持独立,以便任何时候都能按本运动的原则行事。

志愿本运动是个志愿运动,绝不期望以任何方式得到好处。

统一任何一个国家只能有一个红十字会或红新月会。它必须向所有的人开放,必须在全国范围内开展人道主义工作。普遍国际红十字与红新月运动是世界性的。在运动中,所有红十字会享有同等地位,负有同样责任和义务,相互支援。

 

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About eight thousand people marched in a torch-lit event called the Fiaccolata. They followed in the footsteps of those who took injured soldiers from Solferino to the nearest village, Castiglione.

Hannigton Segarunaya, national youth president of the Ugandan Red Cross Society, says the visit made him want to work harder to help people.

HANNIGTON SEGARUNAYA: "I am going back to Uganda in Africa to make more moves for humanity. I know where the young people come together, we have the possibility of doing whatever it takes to make the world a better place."

In the battle, allied French and Sardinian troops defeated the Austrian army. Around six thousand men were killed and more than thirty thousand were wounded.

Yet, says Swiss historian Francois Bugnion, the battle lasted only twelve hours. He says a Swiss businessman named Henri Dunant was horrified by what he saw.

FRANCOIS BUGNION: "Thousands of wounded were brought to the next town of Castiliogne where he arrived and there was practically no medical assistance. So he saw hundreds of men, thousands of men, suffering awfully from very deep wounds and left to die without any real assistance."

He says Henri Dunant quickly took action. The businessman got local women to provide food and water. He also got them to dress the wounds of soldiers without concern for their nationality.

Dunant later wrote a book called "A Memory of Solferino." In it, he launchedtwo ideas. One was the idea of voluntary relief societies to provide assistance to the wounded or other people. This led to the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

The second idea was a treaty protecting the wounded and medical personnel on the field of battle. This, explains historian Francois Bugnion, is the origin of the Geneva Conventions.

Stephen Ryan is the communications officer for youth and volunteers at the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. He says it is important to get young people involved in volunteer work at an early age.

STEPHEN RYAN: "Young people need to be given the opportunity to really feel like they are making a difference in the world. It gives people the opportunity to make change that they would like to see in the world."

And that's the VOA Special English Health Report, with reporting from Solferino by Lisa Schlein. Archives of our programs are at en8848.com. I'm Steve Ember.

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