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孩子身体健康却不长个儿?可能是因为缺少这个

kira86 于2019-01-10发布 l 已有人浏览
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大多数4到10岁的健康儿童每年大约长高5厘米,一旦孩子的衣服或鞋子尺码几年都不变,就要警惕了~
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孩子身高.jpg
Healthy Children Not Growing Properly May Lack This

健康儿童不长个儿?可能是因为缺少这个

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

你正在收听的是美国之音英语学习节目健康与生活方式报道。

Most healthy children between the ages of four and 10 grow about five centimeters a year. Parents often notice this growth by how quickly their children grow out of their clothes and shoes.

大多数4到10岁的健康儿童每年大约长高5厘米。父母通常会根据孩子的衣服和鞋子多久不能穿的情况来留意孩子的长高速度。

However, when a child does not reach usual growth markers, it could be a sign of a health problem.

然而,假如一个孩子的长高速度没有达到正常的指标,这可能就是一个健康出现问题的征兆。

One American family knew something might be wrong when their son was able to fit into the same clothes, season after season.

假如自己的孩子一季又一季的都穿同样(尺寸)的衣服时,美国的家长就知道孩子的健康可能出了问题。

Spencer Baehman is a boy who loves to play baseball.

斯宾塞·贝尔曼是一个喜欢打棒球的男孩。

My goal is to play college baseball.

“我的目标是加入大学棒球队。”

But at age 11, he was much shorter than everyone on his team. Although his small size did not stop Spencer from playing the sport he loves, it did make him feel different.

但是在他11岁的时候,他比他队里每个队友都矮得多。不过,尽管斯宾塞身材矮小,但这并没有妨碍他从事自己热爱的运动,这却让他感觉道自己与他人的不同。

I want to be as tall as these kids.

“我想和这些孩子一样高。”

At first, Spencer's parents thought their son was just small. But over time, they began to worry that something was wrong.

一开始,斯宾塞的父母认为他们的儿子还小,但随着时间的推移,他们开始担心情况不妙。

When springtime came around and baseball season started, Spencer tried on his old cleats - a type of sports shoe. They still easily fit on his feet.

春天来临之时,新一季的棒球赛也开始了,斯宾塞试穿了他的旧带钉鞋----一种(足球等运动时穿的)运动鞋。旧球鞋依然很合脚。

That is when his mom called the doctor.

就在当时,他的妈妈打了电话给医生。

It really set in one year coming out of winter into spring when he got out his cleats for spring baseball and he put them on, and they fit. And they never should have fit. Those were from the spring prior.

“事情发生在一年冬去春来、春季棒球赛即将到来之时,他取出球鞋穿上,鞋子居然很合脚。鞋子根本不应该合脚,那都是去年春天穿的鞋了。”

Spencer's parents went to see Dr. Bert Bachrach. He is the chief of pediatric endocrinology at University of Missouri Health Care. After much measuring and testing, Dr. Bachrach found the cause of Spencer's growth failure: a growth hormone deficiency. In other words, Spencer's body was not making enough growth hormone.

斯宾塞的父母去找了伯特·巴克拉赫医生。伯特·巴克拉赫医生是密苏里卫生保健大学儿科内分泌科主任。经过大量的测量和检查,巴克拉赫博士发现了斯宾塞不长个的原因是:缺乏生长激素。换句话说,斯宾塞的身体没有产生足够的生长激素。

Hormones are chemicals in the body. They send messages from one cell to another. Growth hormones are necessary for physical growth in children. The levels of growth hormone rise throughout childhood. The levels are highest during puberty.

荷尔蒙是体内的化学物质,它们将信息从一个细胞发送到另一个细胞。生长激素是儿童身体发育所必须的元素。生长激素水平在整个儿童时期都处于上升阶段,并在青春期达到顶峰。

This hormone helps to control many functions in the body. Dr. Bachrach explains.

巴克拉赫博士解释到:这种激素帮助控制身体的许多机能。

Growth hormone just doesn't affect your growth, it affects your muscle mass and fat distribution. So that affects your cholesterol. It also affects your overall sense of well-being.

“生长激素不仅会影响你长个儿,还会影响你的肌肉质量和脂肪分布。由此影响胆固醇。生长激素还会影响你的整体幸福感。”

Growth hormone deficiency is a disorder involving the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is small - about the size of a pea. It is located at the base of the brain. This gland produces many hormones, not just the growth hormone.

生长激素缺乏症是一种与脑垂体有关的疾病。脑垂体很小,只有豌豆那么大,它位于丘脑下部。这个腺体会产生许多激素,不仅仅是生长激素。

Several things can affect the pituitary gland's ability to produce growth hormones.

有几个因素会影响脑垂体产生生长激素的能力。

Growth hormone deficiency is mainly the result of damage to the pituitary gland, or hypothalamus, while the fetus is growing in the mother's womb. It can also happen as a result of a genetic mutation.

生长激素缺乏主要是由于胎儿在母体子宫中生长时,脑垂体或下丘脑受到损害,还有可能是由于基因突变所造成的结果。

And in some cases, children who severely lack emotional and social experiences do not produce enough growth hormone and stop growing. These children often start growing again when they begin receiving the care and human interaction they need.

在某些情况下,严重缺少情感支持和社会经验的儿童不能产生足够的生长激素,并停止生长。当这些孩子开始受到关爱和进行人际交往时,他们通常会重新开始生长。

In Spencer's case, he needed daily hormone injections. His mother has been giving him the injection every day for the past two years. In that time, Spencer has grown about 15 centimeters.

以斯宾塞为例,他需要每天注射荷尔蒙。在过去的两年中,他的母亲每天都给他注射。在这段时间里,斯宾塞长了15厘米。

But just in case he does not grow as tall as he would like, he has a reminder to himself written into each of his baseball hats.

但是为了以防他的身高长不及心理预期,他在每一顶棒球帽上都写了一个警示语。

It says HDMH -- which means ‘height doesn't measure heart'.

“上面写着HDMH(height doesn't measure heart的首字母缩写),意思是‘身高有限,心无止境’。”

When used this way, "heart" means bravery, determination and emotional strength -- all things that Spencer is not in short supply of.

在这句话中,“heart”意味着勇气、决心和意志力,所有这些品质斯宾塞都不缺。

And that's the Health & Lifestyle report. I'm Anna Matteo.

以上就是本期健康与生活方式报道的全部内容。我是安娜·马特奥。

小e英语Jewel翻译!

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