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报告:关掉定位服务,谷歌依然会追踪用户定位记录

kira86 于2018-08-16发布 l 已有人浏览
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即使关闭定位,谷歌依然可以追踪你的行踪?如何防止谷歌记录你的行踪?只需一小步。
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谷歌地图.jpg
Report: Google Still Tracks You Even with Location History Off

报告:关掉定位服务,谷歌依然会追踪用户定位记录

Many Android and iPhone owners use Google services on their mobile devices. Some of these services use GPS technology to collect information about the places people go.

许多安卓(设备)和苹果手机用户在其移动设备上使用谷歌服务。其中某些谷歌服务使用GPS技术收集关于人们的动向信息。

One of the most widely used location services is Google Maps. When someone uses Google Maps, information about times and locations are recorded and stored.

其中一项最广泛使用定位服务的(程序)是谷歌地图。当有人使用谷歌地图时,时间和位置有关的信息都将被记录和储存。

Google also uses tracking tools with other services. Weather apps, for example, are designed to identify a user's location to provide local weather information. Even some Google internet searches can result in the collection of information about exactly where a person was when the search was made.

谷歌还在其它服务上运用追踪工具。比如天气应用程序,目的在于分辨出用户所在的位置并提供当地的天气信息。甚至一些谷歌网络搜索,也会致使某人在何时何地进行搜索方面的信息被收集。

Google says it collects the data to improve localized experiences for its users. But such practices have also raised privacy concerns. Privacy activists have called on Google and other major technology companies to make it easier for users to turn off location services if they do not want to be tracked.

谷歌称,它收集数据是为了改善其用户的本地化体验。但这种做法也引发隐私权保护方面的问题。隐私维权人士呼吁谷歌和其它大型科技公司,让用户在不想被追踪的情况下,可以更方便地关闭位置服务。

An investigation by the Associated Press, or AP, suggests this process is not as easy as it might seem. The investigation found that Google continues to collect location information even on users who have changed their privacy settings.

美联社调查表明,(关闭定位的)过程并不如看起来那么容易。调查发现,即使在用户已经更改隐私设置的情况下,谷歌仍在继续收集位置信息。

The AP says the results of its investigation were confirmed by computer science researchers at Princeton University in the American state of New Jersey.

美联社表示,其调查结果得到了位于新泽西州的普林斯顿大学计算机研究人员的证实。

Google's influence in the mobile device industry is far-reaching. About two billion people worldwide use Google-developed Android devices. In addition, hundreds of millions of iPhone owners use Google for maps or for making searches.

谷歌在移动设备行业影响深远。全球约有20亿人使用谷歌开发的安卓设备。此外还有成千上万的iPhone用户使用谷歌地图或使用谷歌进行搜索。

In some ways, Google is clear about asking permission to use location information. For example, Google Maps will seek approval from a user to give the app access to locations so it can provide directions. If a user agrees to let Google collect location information over time, Google Maps will show this history in a "timeline" that shows the person's daily movements.

在某些方面,谷歌明确要求允许使用位置信息。比如,谷歌地图将寻求用户允许应用程序访问所在位置,以便谷歌可以提供线路。如果用户允许谷歌收集位置信息一段时间,谷歌地图将在其“时间轴”中显示该用户日常活动的历史记录。

Google also has a "Location History" setting, which it explains on its support page. The company says any user can turn off Location History at any time. "With Location History off, the places you go are no longer stored," Google states. The company says when Location History is turned off for a user's account, it is turned off for all devices linked to that Google account.

谷歌还有一个“位置历史”设置,该设置在用户帮助页面上有所解释。该公司表示,任何用户都可以随时关闭位置历史记录。谷歌申明:“一旦关闭位置历史,你的动向将不再被储存。”该公司表示,当谷歌用户账号的位置历史记录关闭时,该账号链接(用该账号登录)的所有设备的位置信息记录都被关闭了。

But the AP investigation found this does not appear to be true. It found that Google continued to save location history even if a user had turned off Location History. Turning off Location History only stopped Google from creating a timeline of locations the user had visited.

然而美联社调查发现似乎真相并非如此。美联社发现,即使用户关闭了位置历史记录,谷歌仍在继续保存位置历史记录。关闭位置历史记录,只会阻止谷歌创建关于用户所访问位置信息的时间轴而已。

One of the tests the AP carried out involved Princeton privacy researcher Gunes Acar. The news agency was able to track his movements and identify visited locations - including his home - over several days in the New York City area.

普林斯顿隐私研究员居内什·阿卡尔参与了美联社进行的其中一项测试。这家新闻机构可以追踪他的动向,并辨认他几天内在纽约市区的访问位置,包括家。

Acar was carrying an Android phone with Location History turned off.

阿卡尔随身携带一款位置历史信息已关闭的安卓手机。

Other Princeton researchers confirmed the AP's test findings on multiple mobile devices.

其他普林斯顿研究人员在其它多台移动设备上证实美联社的测试结果

Jonathan Mayer is a Princeton computer scientist and former technologist with the Federal Communications Commission. He disagrees with Google's methods for storing location data, which he says can be unclear for users.

乔纳森·梅尔是普林斯顿大学的一名计算机科学家及前联邦通信委员会技术专家。他不同意谷歌存储位置数据的方法,他表示,用户对此可能并不清楚。

If you're going to allow users to turn off something called 'Location History,' then all the places where you maintain location history should be turned off, Mayer said. "That seems like a pretty straightforward position to have."

梅尔表“如果要允许用户关闭所谓的“位置历史”,那么所有存储位置历史的地方都该被关闭掉。似乎该有这样一个直截了当的态度才对。”

In answer to a request for comment from the AP, Google said it uses several location tracking tools.

在回答美联社的置评请求时,谷歌表示它使用了多个追踪工具。

There are a number of different ways that Google may use location to improve people's experience, including: Location History, Web and App Activity, and through device-level Location Services, the company said in a statement.

公司在一项申明中表示:“谷歌可能会采用多种不同的方式来运用位置信息以改善人们的体验,方式包括:位置历史信息、网络和应用程序活动状态以及设备级定位服务。”

Google says users can stop the saving of all location markers by turning off another setting. That setting, however, is not clearly identified as being connected to location tracking. The setting is called "Web and App Activity." It is activated on new devices. The tool stores different kinds of information from Google apps and websites to a user's Google account.

谷歌表示,用户可以通过关闭另一个设置以停止保存所有位置标记。不过,该设置并没有明确注明与位置追踪有关。该设置被称为“网络和应用程序活动状态”。该工具在新设备上被激活(后),将收集于谷歌应用和网站的不同种类的信息存储到用户的谷歌账户中。

How to prevent further tracking

如何防止进一步追踪

The easiest way to block further location tracking on any device is to go to the website myactivity.google.com, which permits users to change Google account settings. On the upper left drop-down list, go to "Activity Controls." Turn off both "Web & App Activity" and "Location History." This should prevent exact location markers from being stored to your Google account.

阻止在任何设备上位置被进一步追踪的最简单方法是,登录myactivity.google.com,该网页允许用户更改谷歌账户设置。在页面左上角的下拉菜单中,找到“活动控件”项,同时关闭“网络和应用程序活动状态”及“位置历史记录”两项。这将阻止你准确的位置标记被存储到你的谷歌账户中。

I'm Bryan Lynn.

我是布莱恩. 林恩。

(小e英语Jewel翻译,欢迎捉虫!)

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