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名师答疑:何时该用Foot?何时该用Feet?

kira86 于2018-10-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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Foot和feet在尺寸数时,何时该用复数形式feet?何时该用单数形式foot?
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Ask a Teacher: Foot or Feet?

名师答疑:Foot还是Feet?

The English word "foot" has more than one meaning.In the United States, one meaning is a unit of measurement equal to 12 inches, or .3 meters.We use feet to measure height, length and short distances.Today's question is about when to use the plural or singular form.It comes from Wéifēng of China.

英语单词“foot”有不止一个意思。在美国,其中一个意思表示度量单位,相当于12英寸或3米。我们用脚测量高度、长度和短的距离。今天的问题是什么时候使用复数形式什么时候使用单数形式。这个问题是由来自中国的魏峰提出来的。

I am often confused with the choice between "foot" and "feet."How do I choose the right word in a particular situation?

我经常对“foot”和"feet”之间的选择感到困惑。“如何在特定情况下选择合适的词呢?”

Hello, Wéifēng, that is a great question!

你好,魏峰,这是一个很好的问题!

For the unit of measurement, we often use the singular form even when we are talking about more than one foot.This can make things confusing for learners.

对于测量单位,我们经常使用单数形式,甚至当我们谈论的长度超过一只脚时。这会让学习者感到困惑。

Luckily, there are three easy rules that can help:

幸运的是,有三条简单的规则可以帮助你:

1. When used as an adjective, we use "foot," which is the singular form.Let's hear some examples:The children climbed a 15-foot tree.

当用作形容词时,我们用“foot”,这是单数形式。让我们来听一些例子:孩子们爬上一棵15英尺高的树。

Here, the adjective is "15-foot" and it describes the noun "tree." Here's another:

在这里,形容词是“15英尺”,它描述的是名词“树”。来看另外一个例子:

I have a 10-foot ladder that you can borrow.

我有一个10英尺高的梯子可以借给你。

Here, the adjective "10-foot" describes the noun "ladder."

在这里,形容词“10英尺”描述名词“梯子”。

Notice that both 15-foot and 10-foot come before the noun and there is a hyphen between the words.A hyphen is needed when a unit of measurement acts as an adjective.

注意,15英尺和10英尺都在名词前面,而且单词之间有连字符。当度量单位用作形容词时,需要连字符。

2. When used as a noun, we use the plural form: feet.Take a listen:The tree is 15 feet high.

当用作名词时,我们用复数形式:feet。比如:这棵树有15英尺高。

Here, the noun is "15 feet" and the adjective is "high."

在这里,名词是“15英尺”,形容词是“高”。

The ladder is 10 feet tall.

这梯子有10英尺高。

Here, the noun is "10 feet" and the adjective is "tall."Notice that the noun form does not use a hyphen.

在这里,名词是“10英尺”,形容词是“高”。注意名词形式不用连字符。

These two rules also apply to many other units of measurement.

这两条规则也适用于其他许多测量单位。

3. Lastly, we usually use the singular form when talking about a person's height.This is an exception to the plural noun rule in #2.Here's an example:I am 5-foot-6.

最后,当谈论一个人的身高时,我们通常使用单数形式。这是2中的复数名词规则的一个例外。这里有一个例子:我身高是5-foot-6。

This is a common way of saying, "I am 5 feet 6 inches tall."

这是一种常见的说法,“我5英尺6英寸高。”

However, when the person's height is an exact number of feet --without inches -- we use the plural form.

然而,当一个人的身高是精确的英尺数——没有英寸——我们使用复数形式。

I am 5 feet.

我身高5英尺。

He is 6 feet tall.

他六英尺高。

The addition of "tall" is not required in everyday conversation.

在日常对话中不需要添加“tall”。

For all other meanings of "foot," we use "foot" for the singular form and "feet" for the plural.

对于“foot”的所有其他含义,我们用“foot”表示单数形式,用“feet”表示复数形式。

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上就是本周的《名师答疑》。

I'm Alice Bryant.

我是爱丽丝·布莱恩特。

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