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名师答疑:Sentence和Statement的用法区别

kira86 于2018-11-13发布 l 已有人浏览
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Sentence和Statement有何区别?各自的用法是什么?
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Ask a Teacher: Sentence or Statement?

名师答疑:Sentence和Statement有区别吗?

Many VOA Learning English stories and programs use the words "sentence" and "statement."But what exactly does each word mean?Are there differences between the two?

很多美国之音英语学习的故事和栏目里都会用到sentence和statement这两个单词。但它们各自是什么意思呢?它们之间是否有区别呢?

This week, our question comes from Armando. Here it is:

本周,我们收到了阿曼多提出的一个问题,大家一起来听一下吧:

Question:What's the difference between "sentence" and "statement" and how can I use them? - Armando

问题是:sentence和statement有区别呢?它们各自的用法是什么呢?——提问者阿曼多。

Answer:Hello, Armando! I am glad you asked that question.The answer will help a lot of English learners.

答案是:阿曼多,你好呀!我很高兴收到你的这个问题,因为这个问题的答案可以帮助很多英语学习者。

First, think of a sentence as a tree and the three kinds of sentences as tree branches.

首先,你可以把句子想成一棵大树,这棵大树上有3根枝杈,也就是3种句子。

One branch is a statement, Another is a question,Yet another is a command.

这3根枝杈分别是陈述句、疑问句和祈使句。

A sentence is a group of words that usually have a subject, verb and information about the subject.

句子是一组单词组成的,通常有主语、谓语和关于主语的信息。

Remember: A sentence can be a statement, question or command.

请牢记:句子可以是陈述句,也可以是疑问句和祈使句。

A statement is a basic fact or opinion.It is one kind of sentence, It usually ends with a period or exclamation point.

陈述句是在陈述基本的事实或者观点,是句子的一种,通常以句号或者感叹号结尾。

To make this clearer, here are examples of the three types of sentences.

为了讲得更清楚些,下面来举3种句子的例子。

The first one is a statement:Armando studies English every day.

首先是陈述句。阿曼多每天都学习英语。

Now, here is the same sentence as a question:Does Armando study English every day?

现在,我们把这个句子变为疑问句是:阿曼多每天都学习英语吗?

And finally, here is the sentence as a command:Study English every day.

然后再变为祈使句:每天都要学习英语哦。

But wait - where did the subject "Armando" go in the command?We do not include subjects in commands.They are understood without being said.

这里可能有人会问:“阿曼多”这个主语在祈使句里怎么不见了?这是因为祈使句里不出现主语,这是约定俗成的。

Now, let's turn to the part of the question about when to use "statement" or "sentence."

现在来讨论何时使用谁的问题。

Here is a way to keep it simple:You can avoid the word "statement" unless you are speaking or writing about something formal,such as written or spoken information from a government official.

简单来说:尽量不要使用statement这个词,除非你正在说或者写的内容很正式,比如来自政府官员的书面或者口头信息。

English teachers sometimes use the word "statement," but thankfully you don't have to!

很多英语老师有时候会使用陈述句,不过好在大家不必都这样做!

And that's Ask a Teacher.

这就是本期的《名师答疑》。

I'm Alice Bryant.

我是爱丽丝·布莱恩。

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