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名师答疑:字母[ i ]在美式英语中竟有六种发音方式?

kira86 于2018-12-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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英语字母 i 在美式英语有六种发音方式?你分得清楚吗?
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Ask a Teacher: How to Say the Letter 'I'

名师答疑:字母i的发音问题解析

In some languages, you can look at a written word and know almost immediately how to say it. You can also hear a word and know exactly how to write it down. These are properties of phonetic languages. But English is not a phonetic language. In English, often the same letter or group of letters can be said in different ways.

在某些语言中,你看到一个书面文字,几乎可以立即知道怎么说。你也可以听到一个词,知道如何准确地把它写下来。这些是语音语言的特性。但是英语不是一种语音语言。在英语中,同一个字母或一组字母通常可以用不同的发音方式表达。

Our question this week comes from Virginie in France.

我们这周的问题来自法国的维尔日妮提出的。

Hello! It's always a little bit hard for me to get the right pronunciation of the letter -i in a word. Is it pronounced "I" or "e"? How do I know when to say one or the other?

你好!对我来说,要把字母i读音读正确总是有点难。它读作“I”还是“e”?我怎么知道什么时候该说哪个?

Hello, Virginie.

你好,维尔日妮。

This may come as a surprise, but the letter -i can have more than one sound. In fact, it can be pronounced six ways in American English alone!

这可能会让你感到惊讶,但是字母i可以有不止一个音。事实上,仅在美式英语中,它就有六种发音方式!

(ɪ) as in kick and sit

/ɪ/ 比如在 kick 和sit中

(a) as in mine and time

/a/比如 mine 和 time中

(i:) as in junior and lenient

/i:/ 比如在 junior 和 lenient中

(i) as in regime and vaccine

/i/ 比如在 regime 和 vaccine中

(Ə) as in audible and permissible

/Ə/ 比如在 audible 和 permissible中

And (ae) as in timbre

还有/ae/ 比如在timbre中

But do not worry! There are a few things that can make things easier:

但是别担心!以下方法可以使事情变得更容易一些:

The first is an online dictionary with pronunciation audio recordings. Good computer-based guides have a little sign or mark you can click on to hear how a word is said. The Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary is excellent for American English. If online dictionaries say the words too quickly, Google Translate offers two speeds: standard and slow.

第一个是使用带有语音记录的在线词典。优秀的计算机指南会有一个小的标志或标记,你可以点击来听一个词是怎么发音的。《韦氏学习词典》是美国英语的优秀教材。如果在线词典对单词的解释太快,谷歌翻译提供了两种速度:标准速度和慢速。

Good online dictionaries also list the IPA spellings of words. Some people find the IPA, or International Phonetic Alphabet, useful. It is a series of markings that represent spoken sounds. You can find the IPA guide and its sounds on two websites: internationalphoneticalphabet.org/ and on Wikipedia.

优秀的在线词典也会列出单词的IPA(国际音标)拼写。一些人发现国际音标很有用。它是一系列表示声音的标记。你可以在两个网站上找到IPA指南和它的发音:internationalphoneticalphabet.org/和维基百科。

You can also ask a native English speaker to say the word a few times and watch their mouth as they speak. Pronunciation involves the lips, teeth and tongue so seeing how the speaker uses them can be a big help. Or, you can use a good video pronunciation series. Videos will not explain every word that contains a letter but they can show you how to produce sounds from that letter.

你也可以让一个以英语为母语的人说几次这个单词,并注意他们发音时的嘴型。发音涉及嘴唇、牙齿和舌头,所以看看说话人如何发音的会有很大帮助。或者,你可以观看一个好的视频发音系列。视频不会解释每一个包含字母的单词的释义,但它们可以告诉你那个字母是如何发音的。

Although English is not a phonetic language, there are some spelling patterns, or combinations, whose sounds are more dependable than others.

虽然英语不是语音语言,但有一些拼写模式或组合,它们的发音比其他语言更可靠。

Listen to the following words and then look at the spelling. The word meanings are not important:regimegasolineroutinemarinevaccine

听下列单词,然后看拼写。单词的含义并不重要:regimegasolineroutinemarinevaccine

In words with two or more syllables that end in the letters i-n-e and i-m-e, the -i is often pronounced (i).

在以i-n-e和i-m-e结尾的两个或更多音节的单词中,-i通常发音为/i/。

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上为本期名师答疑的全部内容。

I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

凯利吉恩·凯利为您播报。

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