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名师答疑:sorry和excuse me的用法区别

kira86 于2019-01-04发布 l 已有人浏览
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“sorry”和“excuse me”的用法有何区别?请听美国之音英语老师为你解惑。
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对不起.jpg
Ask a Teacher: Sorry and Excuse Me

名师答疑:sorry和excuse me的用法区别

Imagine that you are in a crowded place in an English-speaking country. You want to politely ask someone to move but are not sure how. Here is today's question from our reader Slava:

假设你身处英语国家一个拥挤的地方。你想礼貌地让别人移动,但又不确定怎么说。今天的问题来自我们的读者斯拉瓦:

Hi! Would you like to explain the difference between "sorry" and "excuse me"? Thank you. - Slava

你好!你能解释一下“sorry”和“excuse me”的区别吗?谢谢你!-萨拉瓦

Hello, Slava, and thanks for asking.

你好,萨拉瓦,谢谢你的提问。

In many situations, both "Excuse me" and "Sorry" are suitable.

在许多情境里,“Excuse me” and “Sorry”都是可以使用的。

For example, you can use either "Excuse me" or "Sorry" to politely get someone's attention.

比如,你可以用“Excuse me”或“Sorry”礼貌地引起某人的注意。

Let's listen: Excuse me, do you know where the Metro is?

让我们一起听:对不起,你知道地铁在哪儿吗?

Sorry, do you happen to have the time?

对不起,你这会有空吗?

But when speaking to strangers, "Excuse me" is much more common.

但当和陌生人说话时,“Excuse me”更常见。

We also use "Excuse me" and "Sorry" to politely interrupt a person or people to ask or tell them something. Listen:

我们也可以用“Excuse me”和“Sorry”来礼貌地打断某人或某人的请求或告诉他们某事。听:

Excuse me, everyone, the meeting is starting in five minutes.

对不起,各位,还有五分钟就要开会了。

Sorry, Shelly, can I get your thoughts on a gift idea?

对不起,雪莉,我能听听你对礼物的意见吗?

Excuse me" and "Sorry" are also used to politely ask someone to move so that we can walk past them or to apologize for bumping into someone. Let's listen:

“Excuse me”和“Sorry”也可以用来礼貌地叫某人走开,这样我们就可以从他们身边走过,或者为撞到某人而道歉。让我们一起听:

Excuse me, may I please get past? Thanks!

对不起,我能过去吗?谢谢!

Sorry about that. It's really crowded in here!

很抱歉。这里真的很拥挤!

You heard the second speaker say, "Sorry about that. "This is a common way to say, "I'm sorry," when we make a small mistake.

你听到第二个说话的人说,“Sorry about that.”当我们犯了小错误时,这是一种常见的表达“对不起”的方式。

And, we use "Excuse me" and "Sorry" when we need someone to repeat what they said. Have a listen:

当我们需要别人重复他们说过的话时,我们会用“Excuse me”和“Sorry”。请听:

Sorry, I didn't hear that. Can you say it again?

对不起,我没听见。你能再说一遍吗?

Excuse me, can you speak a little louder? We can't hear you in the back of the room.

对不起,你能说大点声吗?我们在房间后面听不见你说话。

Other times, only one of the phrases is suitable.

其他时候,只有一个短语是合适的。

We use "I'm sorry" to:

我们用“I’m sorry”来表示“对不起”:

tell someone that we regret something we did that affected the other person in a bad way.

告诉某人我们后悔做了一些对他影响不好的事情。

I'm so sorry for damaging your camera.

我很抱歉弄坏了你的照相机。

To share unpleasant news.

分享不愉快的消息。

I'm sorry but all the rooms this weekend are taken.

对不起,这个周末所有的房间都被预定了。

Or to refuse an offer or request.

或者拒绝一个提议或请求。

Sorry but I won't make it to dinner. I have to work late!

对不起,我不能去吃饭了。我得工作到很晚!

And we use "Excuse me" to:

我们用" Excuse me "来表示:

Politely tell someone that we are leaving a place.

礼貌地告诉别人我们要离开一个地方。

Excuse me for a minute. I need to make a quick phone call.

失陪一下。我需要打个电话。

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上是名师答疑的全部内容。

I'm Ashley Thompson.

阿什利·汤普森为您播报。

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