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英语单词的音节如何划分?如何数单词的音节?

kira86 于2019-01-22发布 l 已有人浏览
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英语单词的音节划分方法,这一点直接关系到单词的发音是否准确,外国人是否听得懂。
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How to Count Syllable

名师答疑:如何数音节?

In the English language, spelling and pronunciation have a funny relationship. How we write a word and how we say it often do not agree. There always seem to be exceptions to the rule.

在英语中,拼写和发音之间有着有趣的关系。一个单词的拼写方式和发音方式并不总是一致的。规则之外,总有例外。

Today our question is related to pronunciation. It comes from our reader Mastaneh:

今天,我们的问题就与发音有关。这个问题来自于读者马斯塔尼。

Question:How can we recognize the syllables in a word? Would you mind explaining the rules? Thank you. - Mastaneh

问题:怎样判断一个单词里有多少个音节呢?您是否可以受累解释一下判断的规则呢?谢谢您啦!——马斯塔尼

Answer:Hi, Mastaneh!Firstly, other readers may be wondering why they should learn about syllables. Understanding syllables helps a lot with pronunciation. As we speak, if we miss or add a syllable to a word, people may not be able to understand us.

回答:马斯塔尼,您好!首先,有些读者可能还不知道为什么要了解音节。因为了解音节对于学习发音大有裨益。我们说话的时候,无论是多了个音节还是少了个音节,别人可能都听不懂我们在说什么。

When we say a word, the sounds we create naturally divide the word into parts. We call these parts "syllables." For example, the word "machine" has two parts: ma-chine. The word "important" has three parts: im-por-tant.

读一个单词的时候,我们发出的声音会自动分成几部分,我们将这几个部分称为“音节”。比如,单词“machine”有2个部分:ma-chine。单词“important”有3个部分:im-por-tant。

The number of syllables in a word is decided by its number of vowel sounds. For example, in the word "machine," there are two vowel sounds: (e:) and (i:).

一个单词里有多少个音节取决于它有多少个元音。比如,单词“machine”有2个元音(e)和(i:)。

The English language has up to 20 vowel sounds, so we will not talk about all of them today. But an easy way to identify vowels is that we make them with the letters a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y.

英语里有多达20个元音,所以我们今天无法一一尽述。不过,有一个识别元音的方法很简单,那就是:只要出现a, e, i, o, u这几个元音字母的时候,就会有元音的发音。有时候,字母y也可能代表有元音。

It is important to know that one syllable can have more than one vowel letter. For example, the word "room" has two vowel letters: o and o. But together, they make only one vowel sound: (u:). This explains why "room" has only one syllable. We decide syllables by sound, not spelling.

有一点很重要,那就是:有一个元音的时候,可能有多个元音字母。比如,单词“room”有2个元音字母:o和o。但放在一起的时候,这两个字母只发一个元音,即(u:)。这也解释了“room”这个单词为何只有一个元音——我们是通过发音方式而非拼写方式来定义元音是否存在的。

Ok, here are two easy methods for counting syllables.

下面介绍2种数音节的简单方法。

One that I like is the chin method. Here is how to do it: Rest your hand under your chin and say a word slowly. How many times does your chin drop onto your hand? That is the number of syllables.

第一个是我本人喜欢的,就是下巴法。怎么做呢?把手放在下巴下,然后慢慢地吐字。下巴会向下碰到手几次呢?这个次数就是这个单词中元音的个数。

Another is the clap method. To use it, say the word and clap your hands together each time you hear a vowel sound. For example, take the word "autumn": au-tumn. That's two vowel sounds, so it's two syllables even though autumn has three vowel letters: a, u and u.

第二个方法是拍手法。所谓拍手法就是读单词的时候,每次听到元音就拍手。比如,以单词“autumn”为例。它有2个元音,所以也就有2个音节,虽然这个单词有3个元音字母,即a、u和u。

Now, let's do something fun. Close your eyes and listen for the number of syllables in the following words. You can use the chin method, the clap method or just listen carefully:flower,thought,teacher,broadcast,dreamed,vehicle

现在,我们来轻松一下。请大家闭上眼睛,听听下面几个单词有几个音节。大家可以用下巴法、拍手法或者不用任何方法地仔细听。老师,广播,梦到(过去时),车辆

How many syllables did you get for each word? You can tell us in the comments area.

And that's Ask a Teacher.

I'm Alice Bryant.

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