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名师答疑:副词ever的正确用法详解

kira86 于2019-01-23发布 l 已有人浏览
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ever这个词有很多种用法,但有些用法非常正式,来看看美国人在日常生活中是如何使用这个词的吧。
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How to Use the Word 'Ever'

单词Ever的用法

Have you ever noticed the number of times that a native English speaker uses the word "ever"?Ever is an adverb that we Americans say a lot.

你有没有注意到以英语为母语的人使用“ever”这个词的频率?Ever是一个副词,美国人经常使用。

Here's today's question, from Zanoni in Venezuela:

今天的问题是委内瑞拉的扎诺尼提出的:

Question:Hello. I would like to get some tips about the right usage of the adverb "ever."Thanks in advance. - Zanoni, Venezuela

问题:你好。我想知道副词ever的正确用法。十分感谢。——扎诺尼,委内瑞拉

Answer:Hello, Zanoni!There are many ways to use the word "ever," but some of them are very formal, less modern, or more common in British English.So it might help more if I tell you how Americans most often use the word.

回答:你好,扎诺尼!ever这个词有很多种用法,但有些用法非常正式,不太现代,或者在英式英语中更常见。所以如果我告诉你美国人是如何经常使用这个词的,可能会更有帮助。

There are a few ways we use it.

以下有几种使用方式

The first way means "at any time."For this meaning, we often use it in question form:Have you ever visited Zanzibar?

第一种方式的意思是表示“at any time(在任何时候)”。对于这个意思,我们经常用疑问形式:你去过桑给巴尔岛吗?

Do you ever wonder how you will look in 10 years?

你有没有想过10年后你会是什么样子?

What is the best film you have ever seen?

你看过的最好的电影是什么?

Note that the third example uses the superlative adjective "best."

注意,第三个例子使用最高级形容词“best”。

We can also use "ever" in statements, such as when you are describing something with a superlative or comparative adjective.

我们也可以在陈述句中使用ever,例如当你用最高级或比较级形容词描述某事时。

The Ring is the best horror film I've ever seen.

《午夜凶铃》是我看过的最好的恐怖片。

The cost of living is higher than it has ever been.

生活费用比以往任何时候都高。

In negative statements, we can use the term "not ever" to mean "not at any time."But "never" is much more common.Listen to the following sentences that have the same meaning:He doesn't ever let his mother finish speaking.

在否定句中,我们可以用“not ever”来表示“not at any time”(从不)。但使用“never”一词更为常见。听下面这些具有相同意思的句子:他从不让他母亲讲完话。

He never lets his mother finish speaking.

他从不让他母亲讲完话

But with negative words, like "nobody," "no one," "rarely" and "hardly," we use "ever" instead of "never."Let's listen:No one here ever cleans up after themselves.

但是对于像含有“nobody”、“no one”、“rare”和“hardly”这样的否定词,我们用“ever”而不是“never”。听以下例句:这里没有人自己打扫卫生。

I rarely ever carry money with me.

我很少随身带钱。

Americans also use "ever" in the expression "ever since."It means "continually or often from a past time until now," which is similar to the meaning of "since."But using "ever" adds strength to the statement.

美国人在“ever since”(从那时到现在)一词中也使用“ever”。它的意思是“从那时起一直到现在”,与“since”(自从)的意思相近。但使用“ever”增加了陈述的力度。

Listen:Ever since I started stretching, my back has felt much better.

听下列例句:自从我开始做伸展运动,我的背部感觉好多了。

You can also say it like this, with the same meaning:

你也可以这样说,意思是一样的:

My back has felt much better ever since I started stretching.

自从我开始做伸展运动以来,我的背感觉好多了。

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上是本期名师答疑的全部内容。

I'm Alice Bryant.

爱丽丝·布莱恩特为您播报。

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