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名师答疑惑:Also, Too 和As Well的用法区别详解

kira86 于2019-02-27发布 l 已有人浏览
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Also, Too 和As Well都有“也”的意思,那么它们的用法有和区别呢?请听美国之音名师为你解答。
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Also, Too and As Well

名师答疑惑:Also, Too 和As Well的用法区别详解

Today on Ask a Teacher, a reader from Brazil asks about two common adverbs. Here is his question:

在今天的名师答疑节目中,一位来自巴西的读者问到两个常见的副词。他的问题是:

Hello from Brazil! Teacher, could you explain to us how and when to use "as well" and "too"? Obrigado!

来自巴西的问候!老师,您好,你能给我们解释一下“as well”和“too”怎么用以及什么时候用吗?谢谢 !

Hello, Luan!

你好,卢安!

I am happy to talk about the terms "as well" and "too." I am also happy to talk about the word "also." All three are adverbs that mean "in addition."They are used in similar ways.

我很高兴谈论“as well”和“too”这两个词语。我也很乐意谈一下"also"这个词。这三个都是副词,意思是“另外,此外还有”。它们的使用方式类似。

Let me start with when to use them.

让我从什么时候使用它们开始说起。

Too is the most informal but is often the best choice when speaking American English.

Too是最不正式的说法,但在说美式英语时经常是最好的选择。

As well is a little more formal than "too" and less common in American spoken English. Many Americans do use it in writing, however.

“As well”比“too”正式一点,但在美国口语中也不太常见。然而,许多美国人在书面上使用它。

Also is generally more common in writing than speech.

“Also”在写作中比在口语中更常见。

Now let's examine how they are used.

现在让我们看看这些词语是如何使用的。

Too and "as well" usually come at the end of sentences. Listen to a short exchange:

Too和"as well"通常出现在句子的末尾。听一段简短的对话:

Jerome is going to Mardi Gras.

杰罗姆要去参加忏悔星期二的庆祝活动。

I'm going to Mardi Gras, too!

我也要去参加忏悔星期二的庆祝活动!

The person could use "as well," although it sounds somewhat formal:

也可以用"as well",虽然听起来有点正式:

I'm going to Mardi Gras as well.

我也要去参加忏悔星期二的庆祝活动。

The word "also" can appear many places in a sentence or clause. Here are a few.

单词“also”可以出现在句子或从句的很多地方。这里有一些例子。

At the start of a sentence, it can be used to present a new subject:

在一个句子的开头,also可以用来提出一个新的话题:

We're so excited. Also, we brought a surprise.

我们太激动了。并且,我们带来了一个惊喜。

But more often "also" appears in other positions, such as before the main verb:

但更多时候,“also”也会出现在其他位置,比如主动词之前:

We're so excited. We also brought a surprise.

我们太激动了。我们也带来了惊喜。

When "be" is the main verb, "also" comes after "be":

当"be"动词为主动词时,“also”在“be”动词之后:

I am also really excited.

我也很兴奋。

Lastly, none of these adverbs are used in negative statements. Instead, we use the word "either" or "neither."

最后,这些副词都不用于否定句中。相反,我们会使用“either”或“neither”。

I can't go to Mardi Gras this year.

我今年不能去参加忏悔星期二的庆祝活动了。

That's sad. Neither can I.

真令人伤感。我也不能。

I can't either.

我也不能。

And, one small note about "too:" It has a second meaning but that will be a subject for another day!

还有一个关于“too”的小提示:这个单词有第二个意思,但那将是另一期的主题!

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上是本期名师答疑的全部内容。

I'm Alice Bryant.

爱丽丝·布莱恩特为您播报。

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