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VOA慢速英语:农业报道--种甜菜(双语)

xuejiaojs 于2013-03-05发布 l 已有人浏览
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甜菜是一种根茎有甜味的蔬菜,种植甜菜不需要太多劳动。人们或许认为甜菜总是深红色的,但也有粉色、黄色或白色的甜菜。
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This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.
这里是美国之音慢速英语农业报道。

Beets are a tasty root vegetable that do not require much work in the garden. People might think beets are always dark red. But they can also be pink, yellow or white. Beets with circles of red and white inside are known as candy cane or candy stripe beets.
甜菜是一种根茎有甜味的蔬菜,种植甜菜不需要太多劳动。人们或许认为甜菜总是深红色的,但也有粉色、黄色或白色的甜菜。内部有红白圆圈的甜菜被称为棒棒糖或糖果条纹甜菜。

Beets are high in nutrients including folate, iron and fiber. They can be eaten fresh or frozen, canned or pickled. And not just the root but also the tops can be eaten. The leaves make good salads when the plants are young, and the greens can be cooked when the plants are older.
甜菜富含叶酸、铁和纤维,可以生吃、冷冻、做罐头或腌制,不仅根部可以吃,头部也可食用。植株幼嫩时叶子还可以做沙拉,甜菜成熟后叶子可以煮着吃。

Beets like cool temperatures, between sixteen and eighteen degrees Celsius. They grow best in full sun and in loose soil that is not too wet.
甜菜喜好16到18度的凉爽气候,在充足阳光和松软不太湿的泥土中生长最佳。

Remove stones from the soil while preparing the ground. And test the soil before adding lime and fertilizer. Some experts say the best fertilizers for beets are low in nitrogen. Beets need the acidity level in the soil to be six to seven and a half.
整理田地时应把石块捡出来,添加石灰和肥料之前做土壤测试。有的专家称对甜菜最佳的土壤含氮量很低,甜菜需要酸碱度为6到7.5的酸碱度。

Beet seeds can be planted as soon as the soil is able to be worked at the start of the growing season. Planting them every two to three weeks will provide a continuous harvest into the fall.
播种季开始后,只要土壤适宜就可以播种甜菜种子了。每两三周播种一次就可确保秋季一直有收获。

Iowa State University horticulture specialist Cindy Haynes suggests planting the seeds a little more than one centimeter deep. They should be planted in rows that are spaced thirty to forty-six centimeters apart.
爱荷华州立大学农业专家Cindy Haynes建议将种子种在一公分以上的深度,行距应保持在30到46公分E。

A beet seed is a fruit containing several seeds. Overcrowding the plants will mean that the roots cannot spread out and grow. Thin the beets by removing the smaller ones. These can be used as greens.
一颗甜菜的果实包含几粒种子,播种过密的话,根部就无法延伸和成长。可以除掉小的植株,拔下来的甜菜苗可以食用。

Cindy Haynes says little or no fertilizer is needed in fertile soils. But once the seeds are planted, she does suggest covering the soil with a little mulch to protect it during rains and dry periods. She also suggests putting a fence around the plants to keep away rabbits and deer.
Cindy Haynes说肥沃的土壤需要很少肥料,或者根本无需施肥。但一旦种子种下去,就得在雨季或干旱季节给土壤盖上一层地膜。她还建议在植株周围安置篱笆,不让兔子和鹿进去。

She says the only work needed once beets have been thinned is weeding and, when the weather is dry, a weekly watering.
她说一旦除掉过密植株后,唯一要做的是就是除草,天气干燥时,每周要浇一次水。

For best results, beets should be picked when they are four to five centimeters across. Beets much larger than that can be tough and have to be cooked for a long time.
收获甜菜的最佳时机是直径长到4到5公分时,再大些的甜菜会比较硬,需要烹煮很长时间。

And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Jerilyn Watson. For more gardening advice, go to 51voa.com. You can also find captioned videos of our reports on the VOA Learning English Channel on YouTube. I'm Bob Doughty.


词汇学习:

1. nitrogen n. [化学] 氮

The plant requires nitrogen in order to make proteins.
植物需要氮以便制造蛋白质。

2. mulch n. 覆盖物,护盖物;护根

In normal conditions, placing mulch around rose plants is a good idea.
正常情况下,在玫瑰周围放置覆盖物是个好主意。

3. horticulture n. 园艺,园艺学

The area has a long tradition of horticulture.
园艺是这个地区源远流长的传统。

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