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VOA慢速英语新闻:构思种植新方法的美国农民(双语)

Lily85 于2013-06-05发布 l 已有人浏览
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布雷克·维森南一家都是农民,他们居住在美国佛罗里达州。近100多年来,维森南一家都种植水果和蔬菜,然后卖给世界各地的公司。佛罗里达中部温暖的气候很适宜种植作物,尤其是西红柿。他有800公顷土地,大多都是西红柿。1992年,布雷克·维森南遇到倒霉事了。
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From VOA Learning English, this is Science in the News. Today, we tell about an American farmer and an unusual device he developed. For 20 years, people around the world have been buying his invention.
这里是美国之音慢速英语科学报道。今天,我们来介绍一位美国农民和他开发的一款不同寻常的设备。20多年来,全世界都有人购买他的这个发明。

Blake Whisenant and his family are farmers. They live in the American state of Florida. For nearly 100 years, Mr. Whisenant's family has grown fruits and vegetables, and sold them to businesses around the world. The warm weather in central Florida is good for growing crops, especially tomatoes. That is what he grows the most of on his eight hundred hectares of land. In 1992, Mister Whisenant had some bad luck.
布雷克·维森南一家都是农民,他们居住在美国佛罗里达州。近100多年来,维森南一家都种植水果和蔬菜,然后卖给世界各地的公司。佛罗里达中部温暖的气候很适宜种植作物,尤其是西红柿。他有800公顷土地,大多都是西红柿。1992年,布雷克·维森南遇到倒霉事了。

It began to rain. And...it rained. And it rained some more. Nearly 50 centimeters of rain destroyed the tomato crop that year. Blake Whisenant was not a happy farmer.
下雨了,还在下,下得好多。近50厘米的降雨量毁掉了当年的西红柿植株,布雷克·维森南很不高兴。

"I just thought there's got to be a better way!"
“不过我想肯定有更好的办法!”

So, he began looking to find a way to make sure this never happened again. He wanted to develop a system that would provide water to the plants from below. He thought some kind of cover would keep rain away and the soil warm. He wanted the plants to be grown in a box that would take up little space. He became obsessed with the idea and thought about it day and night.
他开始想办法,确保这种情况再也不会发生。他想开发一种从地面给植株供水的系统,他想到某种遮盖物可以防水,并使土壤保持温暖。他想把植株种在盒子里,这样只需很少的空间。他迷上了这个想法,整天整夜的想着。

"And I told my wife, before I die I wanted to see if I could build me a box above the ground that I could grow tomatoes in."
“我告诉妻子,在我死前要看是否能在地面建造一个盒子用来种植西红柿。”

And...after years of work...he knew what to do. He found a company in Pennsylvania that agreed to make the box. It would be made of thick plastic, and would be about one meter long and half a meter deep. Inside the box would be a plastic tube to pour the water in, and a plastic screen with many holes in it. Something like peat moss, but not soil, would be placed in the box on top of the screen, which would hold it above the water in the bottom of the box. A thin plastic cover would fit over the top of the box to keep out rain and harmful insects. Blake called it...the EarthBox.
经过几年的努力,他知道怎么办了。他找到宾夕法尼亚一家愿意制作这种盒子的公司,可以用厚塑料制作,可以做成一米长,半米深。盒子里可以安置一个塑料管,可以把水注入,还有一个有很多洞洞的塑料屏幕。盒子内屏幕上方可以放上泥煤苔这样的东西,而不是土壤,放在盒子底层水面之上。盒子顶部盖上一层薄塑料,防止雨水进入,还可防治虫害。布雷克称这种盒子为“接地箱”。

词汇解释

1.hectare n. 公顷(等于1万平方米)

A hectare is equal to 15 mu.
1公顷合15市亩。

2.obsessed with 非常喜欢

He was obsessed with American gangster movies.
他迷上了美国黑帮片。

3.peat moss 泥煤苔(泥煤的主成分)

Peat moss is a major constituent of most soil mixes.
泥苔藓是许多土壤混合物的主要成份。

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