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VOA慢速英语新闻:美国援助计划"粮食换和平"

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美国援助计划"粮食换和平":粮食换和平”是美国一项援助计划,该计划向贫困国家提供美国生产的粮食。但总统奥巴马……
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Food for Peace is a United States aid program. It provides food grown in the United States to countries in need. But President Obama's budget proposal for 2014 makes some changes to the almost 60-year-old program. It would replace some food shipments with money to purchase food within foreign countries.

Some aid agencies welcome the proposed changes. But as Christopher Cruise tells us, farmers and millers in the central part of the United States say the plan would hurt their businesses and cause job losses.

Bill Wykes of Plano, Illinois, is the chairman of the Illinois Soybean Association. He has farmed for almost 40 years. He works the land that his family has owned even longer.

A small amount of what his farm produces has always gone to people in need. The United States government pays him for the goods he provides.

"We're glad to see it go and be used and help millions of people over the years to prevent malnutrition, starvation and things like that."

Since the 1950s, food aid from American farms has travelled the world to help feed more than three billion people in 150 countries. The government aid program is called Food for Peace.

It has been a source of pride for farmers like Mr. Wykes. Many are strongly opposed to the Obama administration's plan to send money in some cases instead of farm goods.

"Well, it's a ridiculous, ridiculous idea. Why not give them the best quality instead of trying to provide them with cash to go to a market that does not have the quality or the commodity that is really needed."

But the United States secretary of agriculture, Tom Vilsack, says changes to the program are necessary. He says the food aid process is too slow in many cases.

"The way we currently do business can basically add 11 to 14 weeks of delay in terms of getting food to where it's needed most in an emergency circumstance."

But Dow Didion of Didion Milling in Cambria, Wisconsin, says the changes could result in lost jobs. He says the change could mean dismissals for as many as 212 of his company's employees.

"We have a large number of people in this portion of the business from processing to packaging to quality insurance to logistics, so it would impact us in the jobs area."

The United States government pays Didion Milling to process and package hundreds of thousands of bags of food aid each month. Dow Didion says that sends a stronger message to foreign countries than money.

"I don't feel that cash will have the same impact that a bag that says ‘gift of the United States' will have. We're concerned about feeding the starving people a quality product and have concerns that if the program turns into a cash program, as to what will the money be used for."

Agricultural and shipping organizations are protesting the proposed changes to Food for Peace to American legislators.

I'm Christopher Cruise.

And that's As It Is for today. I'm Caty Weaver. What do you think of As It Is? What subjects would you like to hear about on the show? Let us know. Visit our website at voaspecial.com and click on the Contact Us link.

And remember to tune in at the beginning of the hour Universal Time for the latest news from the Voice of America.

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