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Baseball Terms:由棒球术语引申而来的英语习惯用语

kira86 于2018-11-13发布 l 已有人浏览
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英语中由棒球术语演变而来的英语习惯用语。
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Baseball Terms

棒球术语

Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.

你正在收听的是美国之音慢速英语《词汇掌故》节目。

Baseball is America’s national sport. So it is not unusual that many popular expressions come from baseball. But first, let me explain a little about the game.

棒球是美国最流行的体育项目,所以有很多常用表达来自棒球也不足为奇。但首先,我来简单介绍一下这项运动。

Each baseball team has nine players. The pitcher of one team throws the ball to a batter from the other team. The batter attempts to hit the ball. If he misses, it is called a strike. If a batter gets three strikes, he loses his turn at bat and is called out. The batter also is out if he hits the ball in the air and an opposing player catches it. But if the batter hits the ball and it is not caught, the batter tries to run to one or more of the four bases on the field. The batter can run to all four bases if he hits the ball over the fence or out of the ballpark. Such a hit is called a home run.

每个棒球队有九名队员。其中一队的掷球人把球扔到另外一队的击球手中。击球手要试图打到球。如果他没有击中球,就叫做击球未击中(好球)。如果投手对击球者投出三个“好”球,则跑垒者被“三振出局”。如果击出腾空球被守队合法接住,击球员出局。但如果击球员击中球,并且球没被对方球员接住,击球员就会设法在四个垒中跑出一到多个垒。如果击球员将球击到篱笆以上或击出球场,他就能跑遍四垒,这样的一次击球就被称为一记本垒打。

Now, here are some common expressions from baseball. Someone who is on the ball is intelligent and able to do a good job. But a person who threw a curve ball did something unexpected. Someone who steps up to the plate is ready to do his or her job. A pinch hitter takes the place of someone else at a job or activity.

以下就是来自棒球的一些常用语。如果说某人on the ball是指他聪明,能做好工作。 但是如果说某人threw a curve ball是指他做出了让人意想不到的事情。而说某人steps up to the plate指他准备好了做他(她)的工作。一个pinch hitter是指某项工作或活动中的替代者。

A person who strikes out or goes down swinging attempted something but failed. We also might tell the person that three strikes and you are out. But someone who hit a home run or hit it out of the park did something extremely well.

如果说某人strikes out或者goes down swinging是指他尝试做某事但未能成功,虽败犹荣。我们还可能会告诉这个人他three strikes and you are out(三振出局)。但如果说某人hit a home run或者hit it out of the park意味着他做得非常出色。

Sometimes I have to give information quickly, without time to think it over. Then I would say something right off the bat. If someone is doing an extremely good job and is very successful, you might say he or she is batting one thousand.

有时候我没时间思考,需要快速地传达信息。那我就会说something right off the bat(立刻,毫不犹豫)。如果某人工作做得非常出色,你可能会说他或她batting one thousand(工作出色)。

If I say I want to touch base with you, I will talk to you from time to time about something we plan to do. I might say I touched all the bases if I did what is necessary to complete a job or activity. And if I covered my bases I was well prepared. However, someone who is way off base did something wrong or maybe even dishonest or immoral. A person with strange ideas might be described as out in left field.

如果我说我想要touch base with you(与...联系),意思是我会就我们计划做的一些事情不时和你交谈。如果我完成了某项工作或活动所必须完成的所有事情,我可能会说我touched all the bases(面面俱到 ,方方面面都考虑到了)。如果我covered my bases,意思是我做好了充分的准备。然而,如果说某人way off base(错得离谱)是指他做错了事,甚至做了欺诈或不正派的事。拥有异想奇思的人被称为out in left field(疯了)。

Let us say I want to sell my car but I do not know exactly how much it is worth. If someone asks me the price, I might give a ballpark figure or a ballpark estimate.

假设我想要卖车,但又不知道它的确切价值。如果有人问我这车的售价,我就会给出一个 a ballpark figure or a ballpark estimate(个大概的数字)。

If someone offers me an amount that is close to my selling price, I might say the amount is in the ballpark. However, if I say we are not in the same ballpark, I mean we cannot agree because my ideas are too different from yours.

如果某人给出的报价跟我的售价接近,我会说这个数目in the ballpark(差不多)。然而,如果我说我们not in the same ballpark(意见不符),我的意思是说我们无法达成协议,因为我们的想法差得太远。

Finally, when a situation changes completely, we say that is a whole new ballgame.

最后,当局面完全改变时,我们会说现在的情况a whole new ballgame(与以前完全不一样)。

This VOA Special English program, WORDS AND THEIR STORIES, was written by Shelley Gollust. I’m Faith Lapidus.

本期美国之音慢速英语节目《词汇掌故》由雪莉·格勒斯特撰稿。我是费丝·拉皮德斯。

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