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听故事学4000英语词汇81:有肿块的老人

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4000 Essential English Words 3 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇3 保罗·纳森

Unit 21 Word List

第21单元 词汇表

accustomed adj.

习惯的;通常的;独有的

When you become accustomed to something, you are in the habit of it.

表示每天都做的事情。

→ Grandfather is accustomed to reading the newspaper every morning.

爷爷习惯每天早上看报纸。

affirm v.

肯定

To affirm is to say that something is true.

指说出某事是真的。

→ Using a graph, Malcolm affirmed the success of the company.

马尔科姆通过图表数据肯定了公司的成功。

astonished adj.

吃惊的

If someone is astonished, they are very surprised or shocked.

表示非常惊讶或震惊。

→ I was astonished when he pulled the live rabbit out of his hat.

当他从帽子里拿出那只活兔子时,我大吃一惊。

bang v.

重击

To bang is to hit something to make a noise.

指击打某物发出声音。

→ The drummer banged on his drum as he marched in the parade.

鼓手在游行队伍中边敲鼓边前进。

clan n.

家族

A clan is a group of relatives or friends.

指一群亲戚或朋友。

→ The Lee clan meets every year to celebrate the New Year.

李氏家族每年都聚在一起庆贺新春。

dim adj.

暗淡的,昏暗的

When something is dim, it does not give out much light.

表示不会发出很多光的。

→ Working in a dim room is bad for your eyes.

在昏暗的房间里工作对你的眼睛有害。

emphasis n.

重点;强调;

Emphasis is special attention or importance.

表示特别关注或重要的。

→ The students put special emphasis on chapter 4 because it will be on the test.

因为第4章是考试范围,所以同学们都对此特别重视。

fable n.

寓言

A fable is a short story that teaches a lesson.

表示一个给人以教训的短篇故事。

→ In the fable about the tortoise and the hare, the lesson is consistency.

从龟兔赛跑这一寓言中获得的教训是持之以恒。

feast n.

筵席,宴会;

A feast is a large meal for many people.

指一顿大餐。

→ At Thanksgiving, I enjoy a wonderful feast with my family.

感恩节当天,我和家人一起过得很愉快。

glow v.

发出微弱而稳定的光

To glow is to make a soft light.

表示发出柔和的光。

→ The small flame glowed softly.

小火焰发出柔和的光线。

hollow adj.

空的;中空的,空腹的;凹的;虚伪的

When something is hollow, it has an empty space inside.

表示里面有空间的。

→ Straws are hollow, so liquid can flow through them.

吸管是中空的,所以液体可以流过。

instinct n.

本能

Instinct is the natural way that people behave without thinking about it.

表示人们不假思索的自然行为方式。

→ Cats hunt mice because of instinct.

猫捕食老鼠是出于本能。

joint n.

关节

A joint is a place of the body where the bones meet, such as the knee.

指身体里骨头相接的地方,比如膝盖。

→ Two important bones in your leg meet at a joint in your knee.

你腿上的两根重要骨头在膝盖的关节处相接。

leak v.

泄漏

To leak is to let a liquid or gas pass through a flaw.

指让液体或气体通过裂缝漏出。

→ The pipe leaks from many places.

这根管子的许多地方都漏了。

physician n.

医生

A physician is a doctor.

指医生。

→ The physician said I would feel better if I took my medicine.

医生说吃过药我会感觉好一些。

sacrifice v.

牺牲

To sacrifice something valuable is to give it up to get something else.

表示为了得到别的东西而放弃有价值的东西。

→ Her parents sacrificed a lot of money in order for her to go to college.

为了让她上大学,她的父母花了很多钱。

stiff adj.

坚硬的

When something is stiff, it is hard to move.

表示很难移动的事物。

→ The bird was standing on the tree's stiff branch.

那只鸟站在一根硬树枝上。

stroke v.

轻抚

To stroke is to move a hand over something or someone.

指把手放在某物或某个人身上。

→ She stroked her cheek to see if there was something on it.

她抚摸脸颊,看上面是否有什么东西。

tragic adj

悲惨的;悲痛的

When something is tragic, it is connected with death and suffering.

表示与死亡和苦难有关的事件。

→ The airplane crashed in a tragic accident.

飞机在一次悲惨的事故中坠毁了。

tune n.

曲调

A tune is a song.

指一首歌。

→ The students played a familiar tune for the audience.

学生们为观众演奏了一首熟悉的曲子。

The Old Man with a Bunnp

有肿块的老人

An old man had a large bump on his face. He went to the best physician in town. He gave the old man tragic news: "I can't do anything. You'll have to get accustomed to it."

一位老人脸上有个大包。他去城里看了最好的医生,但医生告诉他一个不幸的消息:“我无能为力。你只能习惯它。”

One day, the old man went into the forest. Suddenly, the light became dim. It was going to rain. So he found a hollow tree to sit under. It leaked a little, but there was no other place he could wait.

一天,老人走进森林。突然,乌云密布,预示着就要下雨了。老人找了一棵空心树坐下。雨点还是能稀稀拉拉地滴进来,但是老人也没有别的地方可以躲雨了。

When the rain stopped, his joints felt stiff from sitting. Suddenly, he heard a tune coming from far away. Many fables said monsters lived in the forest. No one could affirm that the stories were true, though. Still, his instincts told him that there was something out there. He walked farther into the forest. Then he saw a fire glowing. He was astonished to see a clan of monsters. They were having a great feast and banging on drums.

雨停了,他因为久坐而感到关节有些僵硬。突然,他听到远处传来一首曲调。许多寓言都说森林里住着怪物,但没有人能肯定这些故事是真的。尽管如此,他的直觉告诉他,那个方向有东西。他向森林深处走去,然后他看到了一堆篝火。他惊讶地看到一群怪物在大吃大喝,载歌载舞。

He stood behind a tree, spying on them. Then the leader asked, "Who's the best dancer here?"

他站在树后偷看。这时首领问道:“这里谁跳舞最好?”

Me! the man yelled, coming from behind the tree. He started to dance. When he was finished, the leader said, "I want you to dance every night. In order to make sure you return, I'm going to keep something you love."

“我!”老人边喊便从树后面走出来。他开始跳舞。跳完后,首领说:“我想每天晚上都看见你跳舞。为了确保你不会一去不返,我要留下某件你爱的东西。”

Please don't take my bump, he begged. "I can't sacrifice it. It's good luck!" He exclaimed, pointing at it for emphasis.

他恳求道:“请不要拿走我脸上的脓包,”他指着脓包用重音说:“我不能牺牲它,这是我的幸运物!”

The monsters agreed that they had to take his bump. After they did, the man stroked his face to make sure it was gone. He had tricked them! He never went back, and he never had to worry about his bump again.

怪物们一致同意留下他的脓包。之后,老人摸了摸自己的脸,确认脓包不见了。他欺骗了他们!他再也没有回去过,并且再也不用为脸上的脓包忧心忡忡了。

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