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听故事学4000英语词汇91:巧克力的历史

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇4 保罗·纳森

Unit 1 Word List

第1单元 单词表

aroma n.

芳香

An aroma is a scent or smell.

指某种香味或味道。

→ I love the aroma of coffee in the morning.

我喜欢早晨咖啡的香味。

beverage n.

饮料

A beverage is a drink.

指某种饮品。

→ The waiter brought our beverages first. Then he brought our food.

服务员先给我们端来饮料,然后才给我们上菜。

cluster n.

A cluster of things is a small group of them placed close together.

指一小堆密集堆放在一起的物品。

→ She held a large cluster of grapes in her hand.

她手里拿着一大串葡萄。

combine v.

联合

To combine is to join together to make a single thing or group.

表示联合在一起做某事或组成团体。

→ Mina combined peanut butter and jelly to make a sandwich.

米娜用花生酱和果冻做了一个三明治。

condensed adj.

浓缩的

When a liquid is condensed, it is made thicker.

表示更浓稠的液体。

→ One way to make a dessert thick and sweet is to use condensed milk.

炼乳能让甜点又浓又甜。

contemporary adj.

当代的

When something is contemporary, it is related to the present time.

表示当下的。

→ Contemporary scientists have learned quite a bit about DNA.

当代科学家已经对DNA有了相当多的了解。

cultivate v.

培养

To cultivate plants is to care for them and help them grow.

指照顾并帮助生长。

→ A research company is cultivating new kinds of rice to aid poor countries.

一家研究公司正在培育新型水稻,以帮助贫困国家。

divine adj.

神圣的

When something is divine, it is related to gods.

表示与神明有关的。

→ Legends say that music was given to men as a divine gift from the gods.

传说音乐是神赐给人类的神圣礼物。

humid adj.

潮湿的

When it is humid, there is a lot of water in the air.

表示空气中水分含量多的。

→ It is very humid inside of a sauna.

桑拿室内很潮湿。

odor n.

气味

An odor is a very distinct smell.

一种非常独特的气味。

→ He knew there was a leak when he noticed the strong odor of natural gas.

闻到强烈的气味后他就知道是天然气泄露了。

palate n.

味觉

The palate is the top part of the mouth.

表示嘴巴的最上部。

→ You can touch your palate with your tongue.

你可以用舌头舔到上颚。

paradise n.

天堂

Paradise is the place or condition of happiness where things are perfect.

存在完美事物的幸福的地方或庆幸。

→ My vacation in Hawaii was like being in paradise.

我在夏威夷度假的时光宛若天堂。

plantation n.

大农场

A plantation is a big farm that only grows certain kinds of crops.

只种植某几种植物的大型农场。

→ In the 1800s, there were many cotton plantations in the southern US.

在19世纪,美国南部有许多棉花种植园。

rapid adj.

迅速的

When something is rapid, it moves or changes very quickly.

表示快速移动或变化的。

→ His mother was surprised by her son's rapid growth.

母亲对儿子的成长速度感到惊讶。

rate n.

速度

A rate is the speed at which something happens.

某件事发生的速度。

→ Grass tends to grow at a very slow rate.

草的生长速度往往很慢。

soothing adj.

抚慰的

When something is soothing, it makes you calm or relaxed.

让人感觉平静或放松的事物。

→ The soothing music helped the baby fall asleep.

舒缓的音乐帮助婴儿入睡。

subtle adj.

微妙的

When something is subtle, it is not easy to see or notice.

表示不容易被看到或注意到的。

→ The handsome man has a subtle smile.

这个英俊的男人露出了狡黠的笑容。

texture n.

质地

The texture of something is the way its surface looks and feels.

指物体表面的外观和感觉。

→ The texture of a rock found in the water is typically very smooth.

水中的岩石质地通常很光滑。

toxic adj.

有毒的

When something is toxic, it is poisonous. Toxic things are very dangerous.

表示带有毒性的危险的东西。

→ Please check the label to see if the product is toxic.

请检查产品标签,看看是否有毒。

vary v.

变化

To vary means to be different from another thing in size or amount.

表示与另一种事物尺寸或数量不同的。

→ The heights of the people in my class vary by a large amount.

我们班的人身高相差很大。

The History of Chocolate

巧克力的历史

Many people believe that chocolate originally came from Europe. However, chocolate, called the "food of the gods," was first made in the Americas. The first chocolate was very different from contemporary chocolate.

许多人认为巧克力最初起源于欧洲,而这种被称为“上帝的食物”的东西最早出现于美洲。最初的巧克力和现在的巧克力有很大区别。

Wild chocolate trees can grow easily in the humid Amazon rainforest. Clusters of flowers growing on these trees turn to seeds. About 20 to 60 cacao beans can be found in the seeds. Cacao beans are the ingredient needed to create sweet, soothing, and delicious chocolate treats.

野生巧克力树在潮湿的亚马逊雨林中很容易生长。长在这些树上的一簇簇花变成了种子,每颗种子中含有大约20到60颗可可豆,而这些可可豆是制作甜滑美味的巧克力的原料。

The Mayan and Aztec cultures both thought that chocolate trees were brought from paradise by gods. The Mayans and Aztecs used the beans from this divine tree to create a special beverage with a very pleasant odor. Surprisingly, the Aztecs believed that it would be toxic to women and children.

玛雅文化和阿兹特克文化都认为巧克力树是神从天堂带来的。玛雅人和阿兹特克人用这棵神树的豆子制作了一种特殊的饮料,气味非常怡人。令人惊讶的是,阿兹特克人却认为这种饮料对妇女和儿童有害。

In the 1500s, the Spanish explorer Cortes met the Aztecs. Cortes became quite interested in the plantations where the Aztecs cultivated chocolate trees. When he returned to Europe, he took cacao beans with him. He introduced the people of Spain to the Aztecs' chocolate beverage.

16世纪,西班牙探险家科尔特斯遇见了阿兹特克人。科尔特斯对阿兹特克人种植巧克力树的种植园非常感兴趣。他带了一些可可豆回到欧洲,并向西班牙人民介绍了阿兹特克的巧克力饮料。

Over the next 100 years or so, kings, queens, and members of the upper class enjoyed drinking chocolate. They enjoyed it even more once they learned to add sugar to the beverage! Soon, chocolate had spread all across Europe. New machines allowed chocolate makers to perfect their products and produce them at a very rapid rate. Preparing the beans in special ways brought out the aroma of chocolate. The beans were combined with condensed milk to give the chocolate a smooth texture.

在接下来的100多年里,国王、王后和上层社会的人都爱上了喝巧克力,而加糖后的巧克力吸引力更大!很快,巧克力就传遍了整个欧洲。巧克力制造商使用新机器完善产品,而且生产速度也有所提高。用特殊的方法制作咖啡带来的香味更怡人。可可豆和炼乳混合在一起,使巧克力口感光滑。

Today, contemporary chocolates with subtle flavors fill the shelves of expensive chocolate shops. The different types of chocolate available today vary widely. True chocolate lovers can tell which is best, though. They will tell you that the flavor of high quality chocolate stays on the palate long after you finish it.

如今,高档巧克力商店的货架上摆满了口味微妙的现代巧克力,而且种类不一。不过,真正的巧克力爱好者能分辨出哪种是最好的。他们会告诉你,高品质巧克力的吃完后很长时间会口齿留香。

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