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听故事学4000英语词汇105:太空狗莱卡

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇4 保罗·纳森

Unit 15 Word List

第15单元 单词表

although conj.

尽管,虽然

You use although to say that one thing is contrasted by another.

用来表示一件事与另一件事形成对比。

→ Although she was late, her friends gave her a warm welcome.

虽然她迟到了,她的朋友们还是热烈欢迎她。

apply v.

涂,敷

To apply something means to put it on.

表示将某物放于上面。

→ She always applies makeup to her face before going outside.

她出门前总要化妆。

await v.

等候,等待

To await something means to wait for it.

等待某事。

→ The players awaited the judge's decision.

运动员们等待着裁判的裁决。

beloved adj.

心爱的;挚爱的

When something is beloved, it is very special and you like it very much.

表示非常喜欢某物。

→ The boy took a nap next to his beloved cat.

男孩在他心爱的猫旁边打了个盹。

bury v.

埋葬;隐藏

To bury someone or something means to put them in the ground.

把某事或某人埋在地下。

→ They buried their grandfather under his favorite tree after he died.

祖父去世后,他们把他埋在他最喜欢的树下。

climate n.

气候

A climate is the usual weather in a place.

指一个地方通常的天气。

→ The climate in the desert is very hot.

沙漠里的气候很热。

complain v.

抱怨;控诉

When you complain, you say that you are unhappy about something.

表示对某事不开心。

→ The workers complained that they were being treated unfairly.

工人们抱怨他们受到不公平的待遇。

confuse v.

使混乱;使困惑

To confuse someone means to make them feel like they are unsure.

让某人感到不确定的。

→ The sign confused the traveler because it pointed in two directions.

这个标志把旅行者弄糊涂了,因为它指向两个方向。

due adj.

到期的;预期的

When something is due, it is expected to happen or be done at that time.

表示某件事被期望在那个时候发生或被完成。

→ The papers were due on the 19th.

论文截止日期是19日。

entire adj.

全部的

When you talk about an entire thing, you are talking about the whole thing,

表示一整个的。

→ He was so hungry that he ate the entire pizza by himself.

他饿得一个人把整个披萨都吃了。

establish v.

建立,创立

To establish something means to create it.

创造某物。

→ He wanted to establish a club for people to help the Earth.

他想建立一个帮助地球的俱乐部。

furnace n.

火炉,熔炉

A furnace is a place where heat is made.

产生热量的地方。

→ Mr. Jones came to fix the furnace.

琼斯先生来修炉子。

leash n.

皮带

A leash is a rope or chain that is used to lead an animal.

指用来牵动物的绳子或链子。

→ A lot of dogs must wear a leash to keep them from running away.

许多狗必须系上皮带才能不让它们跑掉。

mature v.

成熟

To mature means to grow up to become an adult.

长大成为一个成年人。

→ When they matured, they became as tall as their parents.

他们长大后变得和父母一样高。

measure v.

测量;估量

To measure something means to find out the quality, value, or effect of it.

发现某事的质量、价值或效果。

→ The scientists carefully measured the amount of chemicals in the tubes.

科学家们仔细地测量了试管中化学物质的含量。

midst n.

当中,中间

The midst of something is the middle of it.

事物的中心。

→ She was in the midst of cleaning when the telephone rang.

电话铃响时,她正在打扫房间。

misery n.

痛苦,悲惨

Misery is extreme suffering.

极度的痛苦。

→ There was a lot of misery after Sam lost his dog.

萨姆失去了他的狗后,悲痛欲绝。

prior adj.

先前的;优先的

When something happened prior to something else, it happened earlier.

一件事先于另一件事发生

→ Ron had to wait since he arrived prior to the scheduled meeting time.

罗恩不得不等着,因为他比预定的会议时间早到了。

research n.

研究

Research is close and careful study to discover new things.

指为了发现新事物而进行的密切而仔细的研究。

→ Scientists did a lot of research on the subject of blood type.

科学家们对血型做了很多研究。

variety n.

多样;种类

A variety of something is a group of many different kinds of it.

由许多不同种类的事物组成的一组。

→ There are a variety of flowers at the shop.

商店里有各种各样的花。

Laika, the Space Dog

太空狗莱卡

One of the world's most beloved space travelers was also the furriest. Laika was a little dog living on the streets of Moscow, Russia. She matured on the streets because no one would give her a home. She had to learn how to live without eating much. She found ways to keep warm in a very cold climate. Scientists thought a tough dog like Laika would do well in a project they were putting together.

地球上最受欢迎的太空旅行者之一也是最毛茸茸的。莱卡是一只生活在俄罗斯莫斯科街头的小狗。她在街上长大,因为没有人收留她。她必须学会如何在不吃太多的情况下生活。她找到了在非常寒冷的气候中保持温暖的方法。科学家们认为像莱卡这样的硬汉狗在他们正在进行的一个项目中会做得很好。

In a prior launch, Russia had put the first man-made object into space. Now, scientists wanted to see if a living thing could go to space. Although many facts about space had been learned, they weren't enough to help send humans to space safely.

在之前的一次发射中,俄罗斯将第一个人造物体送入太空。现在,科学家们想看看是否有生物能进入太空。尽管人们已经了解了许多有关太空的事实,但它们不足以帮助人类安全进入太空。

Laika and two other dogs were chosen to help scientists with their research. The animals were used in a variety of tests. In the end, though, only Laika would go to space. On November 3, 1957 the Sputnik 2 spaceship was due to leave Earth.

莱卡和另外两只狗被选来帮助科学家进行研究。这些动物被用于各种各样的试验。不过,最终只有莱卡能进入太空。1957年11月3日,斯普特尼克2号宇宙飞船预定离开地球。

Scientists carefully applied wires to Laika's skin to measure her body's reactions once she got into space. Laika also wore a special leash. Without it, she would float around in the spaceship. Soon after, Laika left the planet. Scientists on Earth awaited information from the shin.

科学家们小心翼翼地将电线连接到莱卡的皮肤上,以测量她进入太空后的身体反应。莱卡还戴着一条特殊的皮带。没有它,她就会在宇宙飞船里漂浮。不久,莱卡离开了这个星球。地球上的科学家们正在等待来自莱卡胫骨的信息。

But in the midst of so much excitement, something very sad happened. Scientists were able to tell that Laika was under a lot of stress. The trip confused and scared her. Laika's entire ship had become as hot as a furnace. Scientists were powerless to help the dog in her misery. After about five hours, Laika died.

但是在这么多的兴奋之中,发生了一件非常悲伤的事情。科学家们发现莱卡压力很大。这次旅行使她感到困惑和害怕。莱卡的整艘船都热得像火炉一样。科学家们无力帮助这只狗摆脱痛苦。大约五小时后,莱卡死了。

Some have complained that the little dog should never have been used in the mission. Scientists knew that she would not survive the trip. Laika was never buried, but a memorial has been established in Moscow. There are many songs and books about her, too. It seems that Laika became a hero to many people.

一些人抱怨说,这样的任务不应该选用这样一只小狗。科学家们知道她无法在这次旅行中幸存下来。人们无法埋葬莱卡,但莫斯科为它建立了一座纪念碑,也有很多关于她的歌曲和书。莱卡似乎成了很多人心目中的英雄。

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