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听故事学4000英语词汇130:资本家

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 10 Word List

第10单元 单词表

accountant n.

会计师

An accountant is a person whose job is to keep financial accounts.

指专门记账的人员。

→ The accountant helped me keep track of my money.

会计帮我记录我的收支。

capitalist n.

资本家

A capitalist is a business person who invests in trade and industry for profit.

为了利润而投资于贸易和工业的商人。

→ The capitalist invested in a factory that made wheat into cereal.

资本家投资了一家小麦加工厂。

contempt n.

轻视

Contempt is the feeling of having no respect for something.

对某事不尊重的。

→ The judge had contempt for the wicked criminal.

法官蔑视那个罪犯。

dedicate v.

致力

To dedicate oneself to something means to put a lot of time and effort into it.

投入大量的时间和精力于某物。

→ The nun dedicated herself to helping people in need.

修女献身于帮助有需要的人。

ditch n.

沟渠

A ditch is a narrow hole cut into the ground by a road or a field.

由道路或田地在地上凿出的一个狭窄的洞。

→ When the car slid off of the road, it fell into the ditch.

汽车滑离路面,掉进了沟里。

enterprise n.

企业

An enterprise is a company or business.

指一家公司。

→ My father owns an advertising enterprise.

我父亲拥有一家广告公司。

exquisite adj.

精致的

When something is exquisite, it is very beautiful or pleasant.

指某物漂亮的或美丽的。

→ The artist made exquisite watercolor paintings.

这位艺术家创作了精美的水彩画。

finance y.

赞助

To finance someone or something means to provide money for them.

为某人某事提供资金。

→ The government financed the scientist's experiments with new weapons.

政府资助科学家用新武器进行实验。

indifferent adj.

冷淡的

When someone is indifferent toward something, they have a lack of interest in it.

指对某事缺乏兴趣的。

→ Lisa is indifferent toward school. She doesn't care what her final grades are.

丽莎对学校漠不关心,她不在乎最后的成绩。

irrigate v.

灌溉

To irrigate means to supply water to land so that crops can grow.

为土地提供水,使作物能够生长。

→ In dry climates, it is important to irrigate fields of crops.

在干燥的气候条件下,灌溉农田是很重要的。

maximize v.

(使)增加到最大限度

To maximize something is to make it as great in amount, size, or importance.

最大化某物就是使其在数量、大小或重要性上达到最大。

→ You should exercise regularly to maximize a healthy lifestyle.

你应该经常锻炼,以最大限度地保持健康的生活方式。

monetary adj.

货币的

When something is monetary, it relates to money.

指和钱有关的。

→ A strong monetary policy is important for a country to be successful.

一个国家要想成功,强有力的货币政策是很重要的。

precaution n.

预防

A precaution is an action that is meant to stop something bad from happening.

一种旨在阻止坏事发生的行动。

→ As a precaution, you should put on a heavy coat before going out in cold weather.

作为预防措施,在寒冷的天气外出之前,你应该穿上一件厚外套。

preliminary adj.

初步的

Preliminary describes something that happens before a more important event.

指在更重要的事件之前发生的事情。

→ The runners must do well in the preliminary races to qualify for the final race.

参赛者必须在预赛中取得好成绩,才有资格参加决赛。

saturate v.

浸透

To saturate something means to completely soak it with a liquid.

意思是用液体完全浸泡。

→ The sponge was saturated with soapy water and dripped all over the floor.

海绵浸满了肥皂水,滴得满地都是。

simplicity n.

简易

The simplicity of something is the fact that it is easy to do or understand.

直某事容易做到或易于理解的。

→ We were able to find the house thanks to the simplicity of the directions.

由于方向简单,我们能找到那所房子。

sow v.

播种

To sow seeds means to plant them in the ground.

意思是把种子播撒在地里。

→ He always sows his garden seeds in the springtime.

他总是在春天在花园里播种。

soy n.

大豆

Soy is a food made from soybeans, such as flour or butter.

一种由大豆制成的食物,如面粉或黄油。

→ Soy can be made into tofu, sauce, and also milk.

大豆可以制成豆腐、酱油,也可以制成牛奶。

spade n.

铁锹

A spade is a tool used for digging.

用来挖掘的工具。

→ The gardener used her spade to make a hole for the seed.

园丁用铲子给种子打了个坑。

upcoming adj.

即将来临的

When something is upcoming, that means it will happen in the near future.

意味着即将发生的。

→ The kids were worried about their upcoming exam.

孩子们担心即将到来的考试。

Life on the Farm

农场生活

Bill was an excellent capitalist. He financed a large aviation enterprise that made a lot of money. He knew how to maximize monetary gains in every business deal he made. Bill had one big problem, though. He was unhappy all the time. Bill knew that he had to do something about it, or he would be depressed for the rest of his life.

比尔是一位优秀的资本家。他资助了一家大航空公司,赚了很多钱。他知道如何在每笔生意中最大化金钱收益。不过,他有一个大问题,那就是一直不快乐。比尔知道他必须做点什么,否则他的余生都会很沮丧。

One day, Bill was in his office when he heard a knock at the door. "Come in!" Bill said loudly.

一天,比尔正在办公室里,突然听到有人敲门。“进来!”比尔大声说。

His accountant, Jane, walked in. Jane said, "Sir, I haven't seen you smile in a year. What are you so sad about? Your company is doing very well."

他的会计简走了进来。简说:“先生,我有一年没看到你笑了。你为什么这么伤心?你们公司做得很好。”

Bill told her, "I'm indifferent about my company's success. I have contempt toward my job. I just want to do something I enjoy. I've always loved growing plants as

比尔告诉她:“我对公司的成功漠不关心。我鄙视我的工作。我只想做我喜欢做的事。我一直把种植植物作为一种爱好。我要辞职去当农民!”

You're crazy! Jane said.

“你疯了!”简说。

I don't think so, Bill replied. "I want the simplicity of a life on a farm. I'm tired of all this stress. Farming will make me happy."

“我不这么认为,”比尔回答。“我想过简单的农场生活。我受够了所有这些压力。务农会使我快乐。”

The very next day, Bill carried out the preliminary task of buying land and tools. Then he got to work. He sowed many types of seeds. He planted soy, cabbage, carrots, and onions.

就在第二天,比尔完成了购买土地和工具的初步任务。然后他开始工作。他播撒了许多种子,有大豆、卷心菜、胡萝卜和洋葱。

The upcoming summer is going to be very dry, thought Bill. "I need to irrigate my crops as a precaution, in case it doesn't rain enough." He took his spade and dug a ditch down the middle of his farm. "Water from the stream will flow down the ditch and saturate the soil around every plant," Bill thought.

“即将到来的夏天将会非常干燥,”比尔想。“我需要灌溉庄稼以防不下雨。”他拿起铁锹,在农场中间挖了一条沟。比尔想:“小溪里的水会顺着沟渠流下去,浸透每棵植物周围的土壤。”

Bill dedicated himself to farming. After a year, his farm looked exquisite. Most importantly, Bill was happy. He finally had the life he always wanted.

比尔沉醉于耕种。一年后,他的农场看起来很精致。最重要的是,比尔很高兴。他终于过上了他一直想要的生活。

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