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听故事学4000英语词汇131:贝多芬的礼物

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 11 Word List

第11单元 单词表

acute adj.

严重的

When a bad thing is acute, it is very severe and intense.

指某事是非常严重和激烈的。

→ When she fell out of the tree, the girl felt an acute pain in her arm.

女孩从树上掉下来时感到手臂剧烈疼痛。

aggression n.

侵略

Aggression is behavior that is mean or violent to others.

指对他人刻薄或暴力的行为。

→ The problem was only made worse by Mark's aggression.

马克的咄咄逼人只会使问题变得更糟。

banquet n.

宴会

A banquet is a grand formal dinner.

一种盛大的正式宴会。

→ Both families brought a lot of food for the wedding banquet.

两家人都为婚宴带了很多食物。

biography n.

传记

A biography is an account of someone's life that is written by someone else.

别人写的关于一个人一生的记述。

→ We read a biography about Charles Darwin in science class.

我们在科学课上读了一本关于查尔斯·达尔文的传记。

boost v.

推动

To boost something means to increase or improve it.

意思是增加或改进。

→ Lowering prices boosts customers' interest in shopping.

降价提高了消费者的购物兴趣。

clap v.

鼓掌

To clap means to hit one's hands together to express pleasure or get attention.

意思是拍手表示高兴或引起注意。

→ After the speech, everyone in the crowd clapped their hands for the speaker.

演讲结束后,人群中每个人都为演讲者鼓掌。

compel v.

强迫

To compel someone to do something means to force them to do it.

强迫某人做某事。

→ Traffic signs compel drivers to drive safely.

交通标志警示司机安全驾驶。

dominance n.

优势

The dominance of a person is their state of being more powerful than others.

指比别人更强大的状态。

→ Large gorillas hit their chests to express their dominance over others.

大猩猩通过捶胸表达它们的强势。

gorgeous adj.

华丽的

When something is gorgeous, it is very pleasing and attractive.

指某物非常令人愉快和有吸引力的。

→ The girl picked out a gorgeous dress to wear to the dance.

女孩挑了一件漂亮的衣服穿去参加舞会。

inevitable adj.

不可避免的

When something is inevitable, it is certain to happen or cannot be avoided.

指一定会发生或无法避免的。

→ It is inevitable that the days will get longer in the summer.

夏天白昼变长是肯定的。

legacy n.

遗赠

A legacy is an effect that exists because of a person or thing in the past.

指由于过去的一个人或一件事而产生的影响。

→ The legacy of the ancient Egyptians can be seen in their monuments.

古埃及人的遗留文化都刻在了纪念碑上。

masterpiece n.

杰作

A masterpiece is a very good painting, novel, movie, or other work of art.

非常好的绘画、小说、电影或其他艺术作品。

→ The Arc de Triomphe is considered a masterpiece in the world of architecture.

凯旋门被认为是建筑界的杰作。

multiple adj.

多重的

If there are multiple things, there are many of them.

指数量很多的。

→ When the stunt went wrong, the man suffered multiple injuries.

杂耍失误后,这名男子多处受伤。

narrate v.

叙述

To narrate a story means to write about it or read it aloud.

指将故事写下来或者大声读出来。

→ This story was written by John, but Aaron is narrating it to the crowd.

这故事是约翰写的,但向众人讲述的是亚伦。

notorious adj.

声名狼藉的

When something is notorious, it is well-known because of something bad.

指因某些坏事而出名的。

→ This area of town is notorious for gang activity.

这个地区因帮派活动而臭名昭著。

outdated adj.

过时的

When something is outdated, it is old and no longer useful in modern time.

指陈旧且于当下无用的。

→ Tape players are becoming outdated because of digital music.

数字音乐的出现淘汰了磁带播放器。

overall adv.

一切在内的

When a thing is talked about overall, the whole thing is considered.

指包含所有事的。

→ Overall, the party was a huge success.

总的来说,晚会非常成功。

partiality n.

偏心

A partiality is a tendency to prefer one thing to another.

指喜欢一件事而不喜欢另一件事的倾向。

→ She has a partiality for walking to school instead of driving.

她喜欢走路上学而不喜欢开车。

spontaneous adj.

自发的

When an act is spontaneous, it is not planned. It happens suddenly.

指没有经过计划而突然发生的。

→ My wife made a spontaneous decision to buy a new sofa while I was at work.

我上班的时候,我妻子自作主张决定买一个新沙发。

virtue n.

美德

A virtue is a good quality or way of behaving.

一种好的品质或行为方式。

→ My best virtue is forgiveness.

我最大的美德是宽恕。

Beethoven's Gift

贝多芬的礼物

Beethoven was a great composer of classical music in the 1800s. Many biographies have been written that narrate his dominance in the music world. But do you know what really makes him special? Even though millions of people got to hear his multiple masterpieces, he never did. Beethoven wrote his best pieces after he went completely deaf!

贝多芬是十九世纪一位伟大的古典音乐作曲家。许多传记都讲述了他在音乐界的统治地位。但是你知道他的特别之处吗?尽管数以百万计的人听到了他的许多杰作,但他本人却从来没有听过。贝多芬在完全失聪后才写出了他最好的作品!

His partiality toward classical music developed when he was very young. He wasn't interested in anything else as a child. When he was five, he learned how to play the piano. From then, nothing could stop his passion for writing and playing music.

他从小就偏爱古典音乐,除此之外,他对其他任何事情都不感兴趣。他五岁时学会了弹钢琴。从那时起,没有什么能阻挡他对作曲和演奏音乐的热情。

When Beethoven was twenty, he began to lose his hearing. He got acute, spontaneous pains in his ears. His hearing kept getting worse over time. It was inevitable that he would eventually lose it altogether. It was very hard for him to keep writing music. He lost the virtue of patience, and he became notorious for his aggression. Still, he never stopped trying. His passion for music compelled him to keep performing even after he went deaf. He couldn't hear himself play, but he knew that his creations sounded gorgeous.

贝多芬二十岁时,开始失聪。他的耳朵感到剧烈的、不由自主的疼痛。随着时间的推移,他的听力越来越差,直至最终完全失聪。对他来说,继续写音乐是非常困难的。他失去了耐心,并因其放荡不羁而臭名昭著。然而,他从未停止尝试。他对音乐的热情迫使他即使在失聪后也继续表演。他听不见自己在演奏,但他知道自己的作品听起来很华丽。

His final concert was held at a huge banquet. He gave the musicians a cue, and they began to play. He directed the concert with all his heart. He couldn't hear the music, but he said that he could feel it. Overall, performance was one of the finest in history. When it was over, he turned to the crowd. They clapped and cheered wildly. In that beautiful moment, the applause boosted his emotions, and he began to cry.

他的最后一场音乐会是在一个盛大的宴会上举行的。他给了乐师一个暗示,然后就开始演奏。他全心全意地指挥这场音乐会。他听不见音乐,但他说他能感觉到。总的来说,他的表现是历史上最好的之一。结束后,他转向人群。人们热烈鼓掌欢呼。在那个美丽的时刻,掌声使他的情绪高涨起来,他哭了。

In 1827, he suffered from lead poisoning. He didn't survive the sickness, but his music did because great music never becomes outdated. Even though Beethoven is gone, his legacy will live on forever.

1827年,他铅中毒。他没能挺过病魔,但他的音乐却挺过来了,因为伟大的音乐永远不会过时。即使贝多芬去世了,他的遗作仍将永存。

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