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听故事学4000英语词汇132:兄弟

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 12 Word List

第12单元 单词表

anthropology n.

人类学

Anthropology is the study of people, society, and culture.

研究人、社会和文化的学科。

→ In anthropology class, I learned about simple tools that ancient cultures used.

在人类学课上,我学习了古代文化使用的简单工具。

applaud v.

喝彩

To applaud means to clap in order to show approval.

意思是拍手表示赞同。

→ Everyone cheered and applauded Manny's efforts.

大家都为曼尼的努力欢呼鼓掌。

appoint v.

任命

To appoint someone to a job means to give the job to them.

意思是给某人一份工作。

→ Two students were appointed to help the scientists with their research.

两名学生被指派帮助科学家进行研究。

compatible adj.

兼容的

When things are compatible, they work well or exist together successfully.

指多者之间能很好工作或完美共存。

→ Jan and Fred are too different. They will never be compatible.

简和弗雷德太不一样了。他们永远不会和睦相处。

competence n.

能力

Competence is the ability to do something well or effectively.

把某件事做得很好或有效的能力。

→ The job was easy because the group had enough competence to do it well.

这项工作并不难,因为这个小组有足够的能力把它做好。

confer v.

协商

To confer with someone means to discuss something with them to make a decision.

意思是和某人讨论某事,然后做出决定。

→ I will have to confer with my wife before I can purchase a new car.

在我买新车之前,我得和我妻子商量一下。

consecutive adj.

连贯的

When things are consecutive, they happen one after another without interruption.

表示一个接一个不中断的。

→ The king ruled for ten consecutive years.

国王连续执政十年。

crude adj.

天然的

When something is crude, it is not exact or detailed, but it can still be useful.

指未经过提炼或修饰但依旧有用的。

→ She drew crude hearts on the ground to show how much she loved him.

她在地上粗画了一个心形,表达自己对他的爱意。

cube n.

立方

A cube is a solid object with six square surfaces that are all the same size.

有六个大小相同的正方形表面的实心物体。

→ Please get me some ice cubes to put in my soda.

请给我拿些冰块来放在苏打水里。

feedback n.

反馈

Feedback is comments to a person about how they are doing something.

指某人对做某事的评价。

→ I asked my boss for feedback on my work.

我请老板对我的工作提出意见。

ignorance n.

无知

Ignorance of something is lack of knowledge about it.

指对某事缺乏知识。

→ When he failed the test, his ignorance of math was obvious.

从他考砸就能看出他的数学知识是多么薄弱。

masculine adj.

男性的

When something is masculine, it is a quality or thing related to men.

指与男人相关的品质或事物。

→ American football is usually considered a masculine sport.

美式足球通常被认为是男性的运动。

monument n.

纪念碑

A monument is a structure that is built to remind people of a person or event.

用于提醒人们缅怀某人某事的建筑。

→ A large monument was built to honor the brave soldiers.

人们建造了一座巨大的纪念碑来纪念勇敢的士兵。

muscular adj.

肌肉的

When someone is muscular, they are very fit and strong.

指非常健壮的。

→ He exercised regularly so that his body could become muscular.

他经常锻炼,所以他肌肉发达。

posture n.

姿势

A person's posture is the position in which they stand or sit.

指某人站立或坐下的姿势。

→ Your back will feel better if you improve your posture.

如果你改善坐姿,你的背会感觉好些。

situate v.

位于...的

To situate something means to place or build it in a certain place.

意思是将某物放在某个地方。

→ The road was situated between the forest and the lake.

这条路位于森林和湖泊之间。

supervise v.

监督

To supervise something means to make sure that it is done correctly.

意思是确保事情做对了。

→ Allen supervised the construction workers to ensure everyone's safety.

艾伦监督建筑工人以确保每个人的安全。

symmetry n.

对称性

Symmetry is the state of having two halves that are exactly the same.

指两半完全相同的状态。

→ The artist made sure to use perfect symmetry when painting the butterfly.

画家在画蝴蝶时确保对称完美。

tattoo n.

文身

A tattoo is a design that is drawn permanently on the skin with needles.

用针在皮肤上纹的永久性图案。

→ The surfer had tattoos on both his arms.

这位冲浪者双臂上都有纹身。

undergraduate n.

大学本科生

An undergraduate is a student at a college who is studying for a bachelor's degree.

大学里正在攻读学士学位的学生。

→ She was excited to finish high school and enroll as an undergraduate in the fall.

她很兴奋能完成高中学业,并在秋季进入本科学习。

Brothers

兄弟

John and Mark were brothers, but they were quite different people. Mark looked very masculine. He had a mustache and was very muscular. He was a sculptor. He made things out of stone. Mark was a good artist, but he was not very intelligent.

约翰和马克是兄弟,但他们迥然不同。马克看上去很有男子气概。他留着胡子,肌肉发达。他是个雕刻家,会用石头做东西。他是个很好的艺术家,但他并不很聪明。

John looked nothing like his brother. He was small and weak, but he was very smart. John was an undergraduate in college, and he studied anthropology and history. He knew a lot about ancient cultures. The brothers loved each other very much, but they thought they had nothing in common.

约翰一点也不像他哥哥,他又小又弱,但是他很聪明。约翰是大学的本科生,他主修人类学和历史。他对古代文化了解很多。兄弟俩彼此深爱着对方,但他们却认为彼此毫无共同之处。

One day, the mayor appointed Mark to build a monument: a statue of Egyptian Pharaoh, Tut. Mark agreed to do the job, but he had a problem. He had no idea who Pharaoh Tut was! However, he thought he had the competence to build a good statue anyway. He made some crude measurements and sculpted a statue of a very old man with a tattoo on his chest. Mark was proud of his work, but when John saw the statue, he laughed aloud.

一天,市长指定马克建造一座纪念碑:埃及法老图坦卡蒙的雕像。马克接下了这项工作,但他遇到了难题,因为他不知道法老图坦卡蒙是谁!然而,他认为自己无论如何都有能力建造一座好雕像。他做了一些粗略的测量,雕刻了一尊胸前有纹身的老人雕像。马克为自己的工作感到骄傲,但当约翰看到雕像时,他大笑起来。

What's so funny? Mark asked.

“什么事这么好笑?”马克问。

John replied, "Your ignorance makes me laugh. Don't you know that Tut was only a teenager when he was pharaoh? Let me help you. I'll supervise your work. I'll give you feedback, and we'll make this a great monument."

约翰回答说:“我笑你的无知。难道你不知道图坦卡蒙当法老时还是个少年吗?我来帮你,我会帮你监督并反馈信息给你。我们会把它建成一座伟大的纪念碑。”

Mark got another cube of stone. John told him what Tut looked like. "Make him tall with good posture," John said. "And make sure there is symmetry in his body."

马克又找来了一块石头。约翰向他描述图坦卡蒙的样貌:“做得高大一些,姿势要端正。”“还要确保他的身体是对称的。”

Mark conferred with John about every detail. For ten consecutive hours, the brothers worked. At last, the finished statue was situated in front of the museum. Everyone applauded the brothers' good work.

马克和约翰讨论了每一个细节。兄弟俩连续工作了十个小时。最后,完成的雕像坐落在博物馆前面。大家都称赞兄弟俩干得好。

We worked together very well. I guess we are compatible after all, Mark said.

“我们合作得很好。我想我们终究还是合得来的。”马克说道。

John replied, "I agree! When we combine our talents, we are capable of greatness."

约翰回答说:“我同意!我们把自己的才能结合起来就能做大事。”

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