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听故事学4000英语词汇133:老猎狗

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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 13 Word List

第13单元 单词表

brook n.

小溪

A brook is a small stream.

指小河。

→ Water flows down several brooks on the mountain.

水从山上的几条小溪流下来。

cater v.

迎合

To cater to someone means to provide them with all the things needed or wanted.

指给某人提供所有需要或想要的东西。

→ Bill was too sick to get out of bed, so his nurse catered to his needs.

比尔病得下不了床,所以他的护士对他精心照顾。

considerate adj.

体贴的

When someone is considerate, they pay attention to the needs of others.

指能注意到他人需要的。

→ The considerate boy gave a present to his girlfriend on Valentine's Day.

这个体贴的男孩在情人节送了一份礼物给他的女朋友。

consumption n.

消费

The consumption of food or drink is the act of eating or drinking it.

指吃东西或喝饮料。

→ These apples are too rotten for consumption.

这些苹果太烂了,不能吃。

criteria n.

标准

Criteria are factors on which a person judges or decides something.

一个人判断或决定某事的因素。

→ Before she got the job, she had to meet all the necessary criteria.

在得到这份工作之前,她必须符合所有必要的条件。

crust n.

外壳

Crust is the tough outer part of a loaf of bread.

面包外层坚硬的部分。

→ The little boy never ate the crust of his pizza.

这个小男孩从来不吃比萨饼皮。

degrade v.

贬低

To degrade someone means to cause people to have shame.

指让人感到羞耻的。

→ The teacher degraded Bob when she announced his poor performance to the class.

老师当着全班同学批评了鲍勃的不好表现。

entitle v.

给(某人)权利(或资格)

To entitle someone means to give them the rights to have or do something.

意思是赋予某人拥有或做某事的权利。

→ His golden ticket entitled him to sit in the front row at the concert.

他的金票使他有资格坐在音乐会的前排。

escort v.

护送

To escort people means to safely accompany them to a place.

指安全护送人们到一个地方。

→ Her bodyguards escorted her to the movie theater.

她的保镖护送她去电影院。

external adj.

外部的

When something is external, it is connected to an outer part.

指与外部相连的。

→ It is warm inside my house, but the external temperature is freezing.

我的房子里很暖和,但外面的温度却很低。

facility n.

设施

A facility is a building that exists for a particular purpose.

为特定目的而存在的建筑物。

→ There are many educational facilities in big cities.

大城市有许多教育设施。

faculty n.

能力

A faculty is a mental or physical ability.

一种精神或身体上的能力。

→ The boy's mental faculties impressed all of his teachers.

这个男孩的智力给他所有的老师留下了深刻的印象。

heap n.

A heap of things is a large pile of them.

指一大堆的。

→ After the building was torn down, all that was left was a heap of bricks.

那栋建筑物被拆除后,只剩下一堆砖头。

hemisphere n.

半球

A hemisphere is one half of the earth.

半球是地球的一半。

→ In the northern hemisphere, the weather is usually warmest in July and August.

在北半球,7月和8月的天气通常是最温暖的。

hound n.

猎犬

A hound is a type of dog that is often used for racing or hunting.

一种经常用于赛跑或打猎的狗。

→ The men took their hounds with them when they went on the hunting trip.

这些人带着他们的猎狗去打猎。

impersonal adj.

客观的

If something is impersonal, it is not friendly and makes people feel unimportant.

指不友好且让人认为不重要的。

→ The boy felt scared on his first day at the big, impersonal high school.

在这所大而冷漠的高中的第一天,男孩感到害怕。

ornament n.

装饰

An ornament is an attractive object that people display in their homes.

人们在家里摆放的一种很有吸引力的物品。

→ The woman kept some colorful ornaments on the shelves.

那个女人在架子上放了一些五颜六色的装饰品。

pedestrian n.

行人

A pedestrian is a person who is walking on a street.

在街上行走的人。

→ Cars should be careful when pedestrians are walking around.

周围有行人时,司机应该小心驾驶。

sanctuary n.

避难所

A sanctuary is a place where people in danger can go to be safe.

指人们躲避危险的地方。

→ The church was made into a sanctuary for homeless people in the winter.

教堂在冬天成了无家可归者的避难所。

spectator n.

观众

A spectator is someone who watches something, especially a sports event.

指观看某物的人,尤指观看体育赛事。

→ There were thousands of spectators at the big game.

这场大型比赛有成千上万的观众。

The Old Hound

老猎狗

Elvis was a dog that loved to run. He possessed all the criteria to be a great racing dog. He had long legs, lean muscles, and a strong heart. He was so good that he never lost a race in the northern hemisphere. Spectators who bet on dog races always picked Elvis to win.

埃尔维斯是一只爱跑的狗。他具备成为一只优秀的赛狗的所有条件。他有修长的腿,瘦削的肌肉和强壮的心脏。他是如此的优秀,以至于他从未在北半球输过一场比赛。赌狗比赛的观众总是选他赢。

After ten years of racing, however, Elvis was getting old. His faculties were not as strong as they used to be. His owner got upset when Elvis started losing. Elvis's owner wasn't a considerate person. He degraded the dog all the time. Finally, his owner decided to get rid of him. He threw Elvis in his car and took him to the middle of the forest. He tossed him out and drove away. Elvis was cold and scared. He decided to follow a brook into the city.

然而,经过十年的比赛,埃尔维斯渐渐变老了,他的体能不再如前。埃尔维斯开始输掉比赛,他的主人很生气。主人不是个善解人意的人,他总是贬低埃尔维斯。最后,它的主人决定把它赶走。他把埃尔维斯扔进车里,把他带到森林的中央。他把他扔出车外,开车走了。埃尔维斯又冷又害怕。他决定沿着一条小溪进城。

Elvis soon found out that the city was a big and impersonal place. Everywhere he went, he saw signs that said, "No Dogs Allowed." Pedestrians yelled at him. He was sad, hungry, and alone. He thought that all people were as cruel and uncaring as his owner had been. He was ready to give up when he heard a soft voice say, "What a beautiful hound!" Elvis looked up and saw an old woman. She said, "You're entitled to a better life than this. I can take you to a sanctuary for old dogs like you. I'll cater to all your needs. Would you like to come with me?"

埃尔维斯很快就发现这个城市是一个很大的、没有人情味的地方。无论他走到哪里,他都能看到写着“禁止狗入内”的标语。行人对他大喊大叫。他很伤心,又饿又孤单。他认为所有的人都和他的主人一样残忍无情。直到他听到一个温柔的声音说:“多漂亮的猎犬啊!”埃尔维斯抬头一看,看到一位老妇人。她说:“你有权过上比现在更好的生活。我可以带你去一个像你这样的老狗的庇护所。我会满足你所有的需要。你愿意和我一起去吗?”

The woman escorted Elvis to a beautiful facility. There was a sign on the external door that said, "Dogs Welcome!" The interior of the building was painted blue, and shiny ornaments hung from the ceiling. There was a heap of tasty bones and bread crusts for consumption. Elvis learned there were kind people in the world after all. He was so thankful that he jumped up and licked the woman's face.

这名老妇人护送埃尔维斯来到一个美丽的建筑前,门外有个牌子写着:“欢迎狗狗!”大楼的内部漆成蓝色,天花板上挂着闪闪发光的装饰品。里面有一堆美味的骨头和面包皮可供食用。埃尔维斯知道世界上毕竟还有善良的人。他非常感激,跳起来舔了舔那名老妇人的脸。

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