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听故事学4000英语词汇134:失明的时光

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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 14 Word List

第14单元 单词表

asset n.

有用的东西

An asset is a skill or quality that is useful or valuable.

有用或有价值的技能或质量。

→ The coach realized the boy's speed was an asset to the team.

教练意识到这个男孩的速度是球队的优势。

aspect n.

方面

An aspect is one part or feature of something.

指某物的一部分或某个特征。

→ I thought about the different aspects of owning two dogs.

我考虑过养两条狗的不同方面。

Braille n.

布拉耶盲文

Braille is a system of raised patterns on paper that allows the blind to read.

一种纸上凸起的图案系统,供盲人阅读。

→ The boy enjoyed reading his favorite books written in Braille.

这个男孩喜欢读他最喜欢的盲文书。

bud n.

A bud is a part of a plant that turns into a flower or a leaf.

植物的一部分,可以变成花或叶子。

→ Two weeks after planting the seed, a small bud appeared.

播种两周后,一个小芽出现了。

coordinate v.

调节

To coordinate things is to make different parts work together.

指让不同部分共同工作。

→ Each skating team had to coordinate their movements for the show.

为了这场表演,每个滑冰队必须协调他们的动作。

disprove y.

反驳

To disprove something means to show that it is not true.

意为证明某事不正确。

→ The scientist disproved the theory that the sun moved around the Earth.

那位科学家驳斥了太阳绕地球转的理论。

humanitarian adj.

人道主义者

If something is humanitarian, it is connected to helping people's lives.

与帮助他人相关的。

→ After the flood, several humanitarian organizations offered help.

洪水过后,一些人道主义组织提供了帮助。

hypothesis n.

假设

A hypothesis is an idea for something that has not been proved yet.

对尚未被证明的事物的一种想法。

→ The teacher did an experiment to prove whether his hypothesis was right.

老师做了一个实验来证明他的假设是否正确。

imprint n.

印记

An imprint is an effect or lesson from an experience that is hard to forget.

一种难以忘记的经历的影响或教训。

→ The experience of war left an imprint on his mind that troubled him.

战争的经历在他的脑海中留下了令他不安的印记。

informative adj.

提供有用信息的

When something is informative, it provides a lot of information.

指提供很多信息的。

→ The travel guide had a lot of informative facts about the region.

旅游指南中有许多有关该地区的翔实资料。

optic adj.

光学的

When something is optic, it relates to the eyes or light.

与眼睛或光有关的。

→ Her blindness was caused by a problem with her optic nerve.

她的失明是由于她的视神经出了问题。

premise n.

前提

A premise is an idea on which something is based.

指某事的基础理论。

→ The premise of the movie that Bobbi and I watched was unrealistic.

我和波比看的那部电影的剧情是不现实的。

rack n.

架子

A rack is an object with shelves that holds things.

有架子的物体,用来放东西。

→ He stored his tools on a rack.

他把工具放在架子上。

Renaissance n.

文艺复兴(欧洲14至17世纪)

The Renaissance was a period between the 14th and 17th centuries.

发生在14世纪到17世纪之间的复兴运动。

→ Leonardo Da Vinci was a popular artist of the Renaissance.

列奥纳多·达·芬奇是文艺复兴时期一位受欢迎的艺术家。

revere v.

敬畏

To revere something is to admire it greatly.

指对某事大加赞赏的。

→ The students revere their teacher, who has taught them a lot.

学生们尊敬他们的老师,他教了他们很多。

simultaneous adj.

同时的

When something is simultaneous, it occurs at the same time as something else.

与另一件事同时发生的。

→ The movement of the gears inside the watch was simultaneous.

手表内部齿轮的运动是同步的。

skeptic n.

(对一切都)持怀疑态度的人

A skeptic is a person who does not believe something.

不相信某事的人。

→ The scientist showed the skeptic that dinosaurs did exist by providing evidence.

这位科学家通过提供证据向怀疑论者证明恐龙确实存在。

spatial adj.

空间的

When something is spatial, it relates to the position and size of things.

与物体的位置和大小有关的。

→ He was asked where the books were located to test his spatial ability.

为了测试他的空间能力,他被问到这些书放在哪里。

specify v.

指定

To specify is to describe something clearly.

指清楚地描述某事。

→ The poster didn't specify where the concert was taking place.

海报没有说明音乐会在哪里举行。

wax n.

Wax is a substance that is slightly shiny and melts when heated.

一种稍微有光泽的物质,加热后会融化。

→ The candles are made of wax.

蜡烛是用蜡做的。

Day Without Sight

失明的时光

On Friday afternoon, Sam's teacher had a special assignment.

星期五下午,萨姆的老师有一个特别的任务。

Next week, we'll be studying humanitarian efforts around the world since the time of the Renaissance, including those to help the blind, she said. "Over the weekend, I want each of you to wear a blindfold for an entire day. The premise of this experiment is that it will help you understand what it's like to be blind," she said.

她说:“下周,我们将研究自文艺复兴以来世界各地的人道主义努力,包括帮助盲人的努力。”“周末的时候,我希望你们每个人都戴上眼罩一整天。这个实验将帮助大家理解失明的感觉,”她说。

Sam was a skeptic. He really didn't think the assignment would be too challenging. On Saturday morning, Sam took a piece of cloth and tied it around his head to cover his eyes. Then he went into the kitchen for breakfast. He heard the voices of his parents and brothers but couldn't specify where each voice was coming from. He thought about how important hearing is for blind people.

萨姆是个怀疑论者。他真的不认为这个任务会很有挑战性。星期六早上,萨姆拿了一块布绑在头上遮住眼睛。然后他走进厨房吃早餐。他听到了他父母和兄弟们的声音,但他不能确定每个声音来自哪里。他明白了听觉对盲人的重要性。

Could you pass me the newspaper, please? he asked. Just then, he remembered he couldn't see the words on the page. He wondered if Braille newspapers were ever made.

“你能把报纸递给我吗?”他问。就在那时,他想起他看不见那页上的字。他想知道是否有过盲文报纸。

After finishing breakfast, his brothers asked him to play soccer. As he followed them, he accidentally walked into the baker's rack. He also found that he couldn't play soccer. He wouldn't be able to coordinate his actions without being able to see. Without his optic senses, he had no spatial awareness. Furthermore, he couldn't do simultaneous activities because he had to make sure he was safe first.

吃完早饭,他的兄弟们请他去踢足球。他跟着他们的时候,不小心走进了面包师的架子。他还发现自己不会踢足球。如果看不见,他就无法协调自己的行动。没有视觉,他就没有空间意识。此外,他不能同时进行活动,因为他必须首先确保自己的安全。

He sat on the lawn. Suddenly, he realized that though he couldn't see, his other senses worked perfectly fine. In fact, he began to realize new and different aspects of common objects. For example, he took a flower bud and felt it with his finger. He realized for the first time that it seemed to be covered with wax.

他坐在草坪上。突然,他意识到,虽然他看不见,但他的其他感官工作得非常好。事实上,他开始意识到普通事物新的、不同的方面。例如,他拿起一个花蕾,用手指触摸它。他第一次意识到它好像被蜡覆盖着。

His hypothesis about being blind was disproved. The informative experiment had an imprint on him. It showed him sight was an asset that should be appreciated and taught him to revere the talents of blind people.

他关于失明的假设被推翻了。这个信息丰富的实验给他留下了深刻的印象。他懂得了视力是一项资产,应该学会感恩,而且他还懂得了尊重盲人。

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