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听故事学4000英语词汇140:微芯片

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 20 Word List

第20单元 单词表

aggregate adj.

合计

When a number is aggregate, it is made up of smaller amounts added together.

由更小的数量相加而成的。

→ The company totaled its aggregate sales for the entire year.

这家公司总结了全年的总销售额。

antibiotic n.

抗生素

An antibiotic is a medical drug used to kill bacteria and treat infections.

一种用来杀死细菌和治疗感染的药物。

→ The doctor gave me a shot of an antibiotic when I got the flu.

我得了流感,医生给我打了一针抗生素。

circuit n.

[电子] 电路

A circuit is a piece of an electronic device that allows electricity to flow.

一种允许电流流动的电子设备。

→ Be very careful not to shock yourself when fixing an electrical circuit.

安装电路时要非常小心,不要触电。

complement v.

补足

To complement something or someone is to make them better.

指让某事变得更好。

→ The wool scarf complemented her lovely eyes.

这条羊毛围巾使她可爱的眼睛更加美丽。

compress v.

压缩

To compress something means to press or squeeze it so that it takes up less space.

意思是按压或挤压某物,使其占据更少的空间。

→ I compressed my clothes to fit into a single suitcase.

我把衣服压缩到一个手提箱里。

database n.

数据库

A database is a collection of data that is stored in a computer.

存储在计算机中的数据的集合。

→ The company has a database of all the names and accounts of their customers.

这家公司有一个数据库,包含所有客户的姓名和账户。

equivalent n.

对等的人(或事物)

An equivalent is an amount or value that is the same as another amount or value.

与另一个量或值相同的量或值。

→ I worked the equivalent of sixty hours this week.

我这周工作了相当于60个小时。

immune adj.

免疫的

When someone is immune to a disease, they cannot be affected by it.

指不受某种疾病影响的。

→ Children usually get shots to make them immune to certain diseases.

孩子们通常通过接种疫苗增强对某些疾病的免疫力。

input n.

投入

Input is information that is put into a computer.

输入计算机的信息。

→ Type the input into the computer program.

把这个信息输入电脑程序。

intimate adj.

亲密的

When a relationship is intimate, the two things are very closely connected.

指二者紧密相连的。

→ I only tell my secrets to my most intimate friends.

我只把我的秘密告诉我最亲密的朋友。

magnet n.

磁铁

A magnet is a piece of iron or other material which attracts iron toward it.

一块铁或其他吸引铁的物质。

→ I used a magnet to pick up the nails that were scattered on the floor.

我用磁铁把散落在地板上的钉子捡起来。

metabolism n.

新陈代谢

A person's metabolism is the way chemical processes in their body use energy.

体内的化学过程利用能量的方式。

→ If you exercise everyday, your metabolism speeds up.

如果你每天锻炼,你的新陈代谢就会加快。

microchip n.

微芯片

A microchip is a small device inside a computer that holds information.

计算机内部储存信息的小装置。

→ I can put more data on my computer if I buy a more powerful microchip.

如果我买一个功能更强大的微芯片,我可以把更多的数据放在我的电脑上。

phase n.

阶段

A phase is a stage in a process or the gradual development of something.

一个过程或某物的逐渐发展过程中的一个阶段。

→ The first phase in the recycling project involves finding volunteers to help out.

回收项目的第一阶段包括寻找志愿者帮忙。

pinch v.

To pinch means to take a piece of skin between one's fingers and squeeze.

用手指握着捏。

→ I pinched my nose, so I couldn't smell the odor from the garbage.

我捏住鼻子,这样就闻不见垃圾的臭味。

prevalent adj.

流行的

When something is prevalent, it is common.

指常见的。

→ Growing a beard is more prevalent behavior in men than women.

男人蓄胡子比女人更普遍。

quantum adj.

量子的

When something is quantum, it relates to the behavior of atomic particles.

指与原子粒子的行为有关的。

→ The physics student studied quantum mechanics.

这个物理学学生学习量子力学。

ratio n.

比率

A ratio is a relationship between two things expressed in numbers or amounts.

用数字或数量表示的两件事物之间的关系。

→ The boy to girl ratio is one to three.

男孩和女孩的比例是1比3。

spiral n.

螺旋

A spiral is a shape which winds round and round in a larger and larger circle.

一种绕着越来越大的圆圈旋转的形状。

→ A strand of DNA looks like two interlocking spirals.

一条DNA链看起来像两条相互连接的螺旋。

viral adj.

病毒性的

When something is viral, it is a disease or infection that is caused by a virus.

由病毒引起的疾病或感染。

→ The girl was in bed for a week when she had a viral infection.

这个女孩因病毒感染在床上躺了一个星期。

Microchips

微芯片

The bond between humans and computers is becoming more intimate than ever before. Scientists are now putting microchips inside people's bodies. They are made up of compressed electrical circuits that can detect and record data about the body. They are tiny, but they hold the equivalent amount of data as most computers.

人类和计算机之间的联系正变得比以往任何时候都更加密切。科学家们正在把微芯片植入人体。它们是由压缩电路组成的,可以检测和记录有关身体的数据。它们很小,但所存储的数据量与大多数计算机相当。

A microchip is put to use inside a person with a simple procedure. First, a doctor must put data about the patient onto a chip. Input about the person's age, race, gender, and medical history is stored on the chip. The second phase of the process involves putting it in the person's skin. The doctor pinches a piece of skin and cuts a tiny hole with a tool shaped like a spiral. The chip is inserted, and the skin is allowed to heal. At last, it begins the task of putting data into its database.

微芯片可以通过简单的程序在人体内使用。首先,医生必须把病人的数据放在芯片上。芯片上存储了有关患者年龄、种族、性别和病史的信息。这一过程的第二阶段包括将其植入人体皮肤。医生将芯片打进某块皮肤,植入完成后,皮肤就可以愈合了。最后,它开始了将数据放入数据库的任务。

Microchips scan the patient's body to record what is happening on the quantum level. They can find problems with the person's metabolism and organs. They can also detect viral infections. They can find the aggregate number of immune and infected cells and present the results in a ratio. They can even tell doctors what type of antibiotic to give to the patient!

微芯片扫描病人的身体,记录身体产生的微观变化,包括人体新陈代谢和器官的问题。它们还可以检测病毒感染。他们可以找到免疫细胞和受感染细胞的总数,并以比例表示结果。微芯片甚至可以告诉医生给病人使用哪种抗生素!

To recover the chip's data, the doctor uses a special magnet that copies it. This way, the doctor can put the information from the chip onto a computer. Then they can find out exactly what is wrong with the person.

为了恢复芯片的数据,医生使用了一种特殊的磁铁来复制它。这样,医生就可以把芯片上的信息输入电脑。然后他们就能确切地找出这个人到底出了什么问题。

The idea of putting chips in humans is still very new. However, it is now becoming more prevalent. Scientists and doctors are hopeful about the future uses of microchips. Someday, all new babies might get a microchip soon after they are born. Doctors will be able to know about any problems from the very beginning. It is obvious that medicine and computers complement each other well.

把芯片植入人体的想法仍然很新颖,但也正变得越来越普遍。科学家和医生对微芯片的未来应用充满希望。总有一天,所有的新生婴儿出生后不久都可能得到一个微芯片。医生将能够从一开始就知道任何问题。很明显,医学和计算机是相辅相成的。

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