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听故事学4000英语词汇145:男人和猴子

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 25 Word List

第25单元 单词表

aesthetic adj.

美学的

If something is aesthetic, then it is concerned with a love of beauty.

与对美的热爱有关。

→ The dresses were noteworthy for their aesthetic design.

这些服装因其美学设计而引人注目。

arrogant adj.

自大的

If someone is arrogant, they think that they are more important than others.

认为自己比别人更重要的。

→ He is very arrogant. Even though he's not the boss, he tells everyone what to do.

他很傲慢。即使他不是老板,他也会对每个人颐指气使。

bias n.

偏爱

A bias is a person's likelihood to like one thing more than another thing.

指一个人喜欢某件事的可能性大于喜欢另一件事的可能性。

→ The mothers had a natural bias for their own child's picture.

母亲们对自己孩子的照片有一种天生的偏见。

canyon n.

峡谷

A canyon is a narrow valley with steep walls through which a river often flows.

一个狭窄的山谷,有陡峭的墙壁,河流常从中流过。

→ The canyon was so deep that the ground inside was covered in shadow.

峡谷太深了,一眼望不到底。

creek n.

小溪

A creek is a stream or small river.

小河。

→ Only small fish lived in the shallow waters of the creek.

只有小鱼生活在小溪的浅水里。

drill n.

钻孔机

A drill is a tool with a point that spins in order to make a hole.

一种工具,头部有尖锐部分用于打洞。

→ The carpenter used the drill to make several holes in the wood.

木匠用钻头在木头上钻了几个洞。

executive n.

主管

An executive is the top manager of a business.

企业的最高管理者。

→ After twenty years at the company, he finally became the executive.

在公司工作了二十年后,他终于当上了主官。

fatigue n.

疲劳

Fatigue is a feeling of extreme tiredness.

一种极度疲劳的感觉。

→ After three days with little sleep, she was feeling a lot of fatigue.

三天没怎么睡,她感到很累。

incline n.

斜坡

An incline is a sharp rise in something, especially a hill or mountain.

某物的陡峭部分,尤其指大山或小山。

→ This mountain has one of the steepest inclines in the world.

这座山是世界上最陡的山之一。

nasty adj.

恶心的

If something is nasty, then it is not nice or pleasant.

不好的或令人不愉快的。

→ The rotten apple left a nasty taste inside her mouth.

腐烂的苹果在她嘴里留下一股难闻的味道。

perceive v.

察觉

To perceive something means to be aware of it.

指注意到。

→ He was talking loudly, so he did not perceive that the music had stopped.

他在大声说话,所以他没有察觉音乐已经停止了。

primate n.

灵长目动物(包括人、猴子等)

A primate is a type of mammal that includes monkeys, apes, and humans.

一种哺乳动物,包括猴子、猿和人类。

→ Primates use their hands for such tasks as swinging from branches.

灵长类动物用手做事,比如悬挂在树上摆动。

primitive adj.

原始的

If something is primitive, then it is simple, basic, and not very developed.

简单的,基本的,不太发达的。

→ The computers of the 1980s are primitive compared to those of todays.

与今天的计算机相比,80年代的计算机很原始。

stereotype n.

陈腔滥调

A stereotype is a general but often incorrect idea about a person or thing.

对一个人或一件事的一种普遍但往往不正确的看法。

→ There's a stereotype that pigs are dirty animals. But they are rather clean.

有一种成见认为猪是肮脏的动物。但是它们相当干净。

sticky adj.

粘的

If something is sticky, then it is covered with a substance that things stick to.

指带有黏性物质的。

→ Place the sticky part of the tape against the paper, so it will cling to the wall.

把胶带的粘性部分贴在纸上,这样就能把它粘在墙上。

termite n.

白蚁

A termite is an insect that lives in groups and feeds on wood.

一种群居以木材为食的昆虫。

→ The wood we found was full of termites.

我们找到的木头里全是白蚁。

thereby adv.

从而

If something happens thereby an action, then it is the result of that action.

指引发某种结果的原因。

→ He didn't score a goal, thereby ending his chance at setting a record.

他没有进球,因此失去了创造纪录的机会。

trail n.

(荒野)小路

A trail is a path through a wild area.

穿过荒野的小路。

→ A narrow trail cut through the field and over the hills.

一条狭窄的小路穿过田野和小山。

twig n.

小枝

A twig is a short and thin branch from a tree or bush.

树或灌木上长出来的又短又细的树枝。

→ They started the fire with a handful of dry twigs.

他们用一把干树枝点火。

welfare n.

福利

Welfare is the health and happiness of a person or group.

一个人或群体的健康和幸福。

→ Having plenty of clean water is necessary for the welfare of people.

有充足的清洁水对人们的福利是必要的。

The Man and the Monkey

男人和猴子

While flying over a jungle, a wealthy executive's private plane crashed. Some of the crew were hurt, so the pilot decided to stay with them and wait for help. The arrogant executive, though, didn't care about the welfare of the pilot and crew. Rather, he thought he could walk out of the jungle and find a town to stay in.

一位富有的经理的私人飞机在丛林上空飞行时坠毁了。一些机组人员受了伤,所以飞行员决定留下来等待救援。然而,这位傲慢的高管并不关心飞行员和机组人员的死活。相反,他认为他可以走出丛林,找到一个可以落脚的小镇。

He followed a trail through a canyon and along a creek. The jungle was actually very stunning. If the arrogant executive had stopped to look around, he might have perceived the jungle's beauty. But he was in a nasty mood and had no care for the aesthetic value of the jungle. He continued to walk up the steep incline of the jungle's hills.

他沿着一条小径穿过峡谷,沿着一条小溪走。丛林实际上非常迷人。如果这位傲慢的高管停下来环顾四周,他可能已经看到了丛林的美丽。但他的心情很糟糕,对丛林的美毫不在意。他继续沿着丛林小山的陡坡往上走。

Soon, he was lost. Several days passed, and fatigue and hunger weakened him. He was very tired and afraid.

不久,他就迷路了。几天过去了,疲劳和饥饿使他虚弱不堪。他又累又害怕。

Just then, a monkey came out of the trees. It was carrying a twig covered in honey. It walked up to a mound where termites lived. He then used the twig like a drill to make a hole in the mound. Then very carefully, it removed the twig from the hole. The sticky twig was covered with termites.

就在那时,一只猴子从树上出来了。它拿着一根沾满蜂蜜的小树枝,走到一个白蚁居住的土堆前,用树枝像钻头一样在土堆上钻了一个洞。然后,它非常小心地把树枝从洞里拔了出来。黏糊糊的树枝上爬满了白蚁。

Instead of eating the bugs, the monkey offered them to the executive, but he didn't want what the monkey offered. He shouted at the monkey, "Get away from me, you stupid primate!"

猴子没有吃虫子,而是把虫子给了经理,但他不想要猴子给的东西。他对猴子喊道:“离我远点,你这个愚蠢的灵长类动物!”

The executive's stereotype of the monkey was wrong. The monkey was not stupid. It knew how to find food, whereas the executive did not. He refused the help of the monkey, thereby leaving himself to starve.

这位高管对猴子的刻板印象是错误的。猴子并不笨。它知道如何找到食物,而这位高管却不知道。他拒绝猴子的帮助,结果使自己挨饿。

When the executive was finally found, he was very skinny and sick. He had not eaten for a very long time. Because he held a bias against the primitive ways of the monkey, he had gone hungry and almost died. The executive didn't understand that it was his arrogant attitude that had caused all of his problems.

当那位经理最终被找到时,他已经瘦得皮包骨头,身体虚弱。他已经很长时间没有吃东西了。因为他对猴子的原始生活方式有偏见,差点就饿死了。这位主管不明白是他傲慢的态度导致了他所有的问题。

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