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词汇辨析:“要求”类动词大集合

yun 于2017-02-06发布 l 已有人浏览
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Require、demand、request、claim都可以表示要求。具体的区别你知道么?一起来看看吧!

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Require、demand、request、claim都可以表示要求。具体的区别你知道么?一起来看看吧!

Require--一般表示因需要而要求

to need something or make something necessary
需要;有赖于;要求;规定
The rules also require employers to provide safety training.
这些规定也要求雇主们提供安全训练。
What clause do you require in the contract?
你要求在合同中订上什么条款?

Demand

作动词,表示:to ask for something forcefully, in a way that shows that you do not expect to be refused 坚决请求,强烈要求;强要
I demanded an explanation.
我要求给我一个解释。
The union is demanding a seven percent pay rise this year.
汽车工会要求今年加薪7%。
He has always demanded the highest standards of behaviour from his children.
他总是以最高的行为准则来要求自己的孩子。
[ + speech ] "And where do you think you're going?" demanded the police officer.
“你觉得自己在朝哪里走?”警察问道。
[ + to infinitive ] I demand to see the manager.
我要求见经理。
[ + that ] She demanded that he return the books he borrowed from her.
她要求他把从她那里借走的书还回来。
作名词:表示困难的要求
His new job makes a lot of demands on him (= he has to work very hard).
新工作对他要求很高。

Request

the act of politely or officially asking for something
(礼貌、正式的)要求,请求
They received hundreds of requests for more information.
数以百计的人要求他们提供更多的信息。
[ + to infinitive ] The boss refused our request to leave work early.
老板拒绝了我们早下班的请求。
The clause was added to the contract at Carlos's request (= because Carlos asked for this).
这一条款是在卡洛斯的要求下添加到合同中的。

Claim

to ask for something of value because you think it belongs to you or because you think you have a right to it 要求(拥有);认领;索取,索  要
The police said that if no one claims the watch, you can keep it.
警方说如果没人认领这块表,你可以留着它。
When King Richard III died, Henry VII claimed the English throne.
理查德三世去世后,亨利七世要求继承英格兰王位。

 
【文章来源:沪江英语】

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