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英文病句急诊室300句之04

chenjie 于2015-03-28发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   I'll accompany you to go to the market. (x)
      I'll accompany you to the market. (√)

accompany sb=go with sb,所以使用该动词时其后无需再接to go。

2.   According to us, the problem is just the tip of the iceberg. (x)
      In our opinion, the problem is just the tip of the iceberg. (√ )

according to+他人(不可接me或us),表“依照某人的看法”;提出自己的意见时,须用in my / ow opinion.

3.   Charge her meal on my account. (x)
      Charge her meal to my account. (√)

charge srh to sb's account意为“将……记在某人的账上”。on sb's account=for the sake of sb,表“为了某人的缘故”,如:Don't do it on my account.(不要为了我的缘故做这件事情。)

4.   It happened sometime in April. I can't remember the acctuate date.(x)
      It happened sometime in April. I can't remember the exact date. (√)


accurate是“正确无误的”.是针对所说或所写的内容没有错误而言,如:The data may not be accurate.(资料也许并不正确.)exact是“精确的”或“确确实实的那一个”。

5.   The man was arrested and accused of arson.(x)
      The man was arrested and charged with arson. (√)

be accused of +罪名,用于非正式的指控、指责,即口头上说某人犯了某种罪,如:Tom was accused of theft.(汤姆被指控偷窃。)be charged with+罪名=be indicted for+罪名,指正式控告某人犯下某种罪,即已进入司法程序。

6.   Sometimes taking a hot bath can help relieve your ache and pain.(x)
      Sometimes taking a hot bath can help relieve your aches and pains. (√)

aches and pains指‘·身体的疼痛、酸痛”.为固定用法,不可用单数形式。

7.   It was an action of wisdom when you decided to quit.(x)
      It was an act of wisdom when you decided to quit.(√)

act是指特殊的“举动、行动”,如:an act of courage / kindness / foolishness l heroism /generosity即指“一桩勇敢/仁慈愚蠢/英勇礁慨之举”。action是指一般的“举动、行动”,较为笼统,如:We believe the authorities should take action〔我们认为主管当局应采取行动。)

8.   It's a human fault rather than an action of God. (x)
      It's a human fault rather than an act of God.(√)

an act of God指“天灾”,为固定用法。

9.   Stop being childish! Behave like your age.(x)
      Stop being childish! Act your age.(√)

act your age为英语习惯用语,指“举止成熟点”,相当于behave like a grown-up /gentleman/lady。

10.  His novels have been selling like hot cakes. Actually, he is very well-off now.(x)
       His novels have been selling like hot cakes. As a matter of fact, he is very well-off now.(√)

actually主要是用来解释误会,如:My neighbors think I am well-off, but actually I am quite poor.(我的邻居都以为我很有钱,不过事实上我相当贫困。)as a  matter of fact主要是用来拓展先前的一句话。另外,in fact则兼有上述两种用法。

 

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