英语单词

分类词汇单词学习背单词法词汇辨析词汇搭配构词知识综合词汇词汇趣谈基础单词

英文病句急诊室300句之20

chenjie 于2015-04-02发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   The US government is based on the principle of check and balance.(x)
      The US government is based on the principle of checks and balances.(√)

checks and balances是指行政、立法和司法机关的互相制衡,用复数形式。

2.   The importance of a balance diet cannot be overemphasized.(x)
      The importance of a balanced diet cannot be overemphasized. (√)

balanced是形容词,常用来修饰名词,如:a balanced budget即指“平衡的预算”。

3.   The ban is likely to be cancelled at the end of the year. (x)
      The ban is likely to be lifted at the end of the year. (√)

impose / lift a ban (on sth)是(针对某件事情)“颁布懈除禁令”的固定说法。

4.   The company has declared bankrupt. (x)
      The company has declared bankruptcy.(√)

bankrupt通常作形容词,如:go bankrupt就是“破产”的意思。bankrupt作名词时,意为“破产人士”,是可数名词,如:As a bankrupt, I am unable to pay the debts.(沦为破产人士,我无力偿债。)“宣告破产”须用名词形式 bankruptcy 来作 declare的宾语。

5.   My son was admitted to a bar at the age of 22. (x)
      My son was admitted to the bar at the age of 22. (√)

be admitted to a bar可以解释为“获准进入一家酒吧”。the bar是指“律师业”,所以be admitted to the bar=become a lawyer,即“成为律师”之意。

6.   He is so drunk that he can bare stand. (x)
      He is so drunk that he can barely stand. (√)

bare是形容词。意为“光秃秃的”或“没有遮蔽的”,如:The baseball landed on his bare head.(那颗棒球掉落在他光秃秃的头上。)barely=hardly=scarcely, 意为“几乎不”,是副词,因此能够修饰动词。

7.   John made a fortune and married a beautiful woman in a bargain.(x)
      John made a fortune and married a beautiful woman in the bargain. (√)

in / into the bargain=in addition,表“除此之外”的意思。另外,bargain也表“廉价品”,如:Many bargain hunters went to the computer fair.(许多寻找便宜货的人去逛计算机展了。)

8.   Our subsidiary comrany is based on Malaysia.(x)
      Our subsidiary company is based in Malaysia. (√)

be based on是“根据……”或“以……为基础”的意思,如The movie is based on a best-seller.(这部电影是根据一本畅销书改编的。) be based in + 地方,是“设立于某地”的意思。

9.   Irene is learning the basic of computer programming. (x)
      Irene is teaming the basics of computer programming.(√)

basic是形容词,意为“基本的”,不能充当名词使用。the basics(恒用复数)才是名词的正确用法。所以the basics of sth=the basic knowledge / fact of sth.

10.   They are all employed on a full-time base.(x)
        They are all employed on a full-time basis. (√)

base作名词时,专指具体(可见)的基础,像摆放东西的“底座”或“军事基地”,如:The statue is placed on a solid base.(这尊雕像被安放在一个稳固的底座上。) basis专指抽象的基础,如:on a daily/weekly/monthly / part-time basis是指“按天周/月计算”或“以兼职的方式”。
 

相关英语学习内容中式口语中式英语常见错误英语口语错误英文病句300句

本文评论
您还能输入300

词汇搭配头条

更多>>英文病句急诊室300句

更多>>词汇搭配最新推荐

词汇搭配排行