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英文病句急诊室300句之28

chenjie 于2015-04-07发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   The Boy Scouts are pitching a camp by the river.(x)
      The Boy Scouts are pitching camp by the river.(√)

make / pitch/ set up camp 指“扎营”。break/strike camp指“撤营”,均不需加冠词。但如果指一个特殊的营区,则须加冠词,如:a refugee / concentration camp,即“一个难民/集中营”。

2.   I can drink like a fish when I was young. (x)
      I could drink like a fish when I was young. (√)

can表现在的“能力”;could表过去的“能力”;will be able to表将来的“能力”,如:We will be able to travel to outer space in the near future.(在不远的将来我们将能够到外太空去旅行。)

3.   The meeting will be cancelled until further notice.(x)
      The meeting will be postponed until further notice. (√)

be cancelled是“被取消”的意思。会议一旦被取消,进一步的通知就没有意义。所以应该用be postponed(被延期)。

4.   The actress died of a breast cancer.(x)
      The actress died of breast cancer.(√)

die of breast / lung / stomach / cervical cancer(均不加冠词),即表“死于乳/肺/胃/子宫颈癌”。大写的Cancer为可数名词,是十二星座之一的“巨蟹座”,如:He is a Cancer.(他是巨蟹座。)

5.   We are planning to enjoy a candlelight dinner together.(x)
      We are planning to enjoy a candlelit dinner together. (√)

candlelight是名词,意为“烛光”,如:They were having dinner by candlelight.(他们在烛光下共进晚餐。) candlelit是形容词,意为“有烛光的”,可修饰名词dinner。

6.   Make sure you put the cover back on the pen.(x)
      Make sure you put the cap back on the pen. (√)

cover是指书籍的“封面”或其他东西的“覆盖物”,如: a clritin cover 指 “下水道的盖子”。“钢笔或圆珠笔的笔帽”是cap。

7.   The diva is singing to a capacious audience. (x)
      The diva is singing to a capacity audience. (√)

capacious是“宽敞的”,用来形容地方,如: The car has a capacious trunk.(这部车子有很宽敞的后行李箱。) a capacity audience / crowd指“爆满的听众/群众”,为固定用法。

8.   Her radiant smile captured me.(x)
      Her radiant smile captivated me. (√)

capture是“捕捉/捕获”的意思,如:The stray dog was captured finally.(这只流浪狗终于被捕捉了。) captivate = attract sb very much,是“深深地吸引某人”的意思。

9.   We went to the wedding by a friend's car.(x)
      We went to the wedding in a friend's car. (√)

表“以搭车的方式”用by car 或 in a car。

10.   My father is a professional soldier.(x)
        My father is a career soldier. (√)
 

professional(职业的)通常是相对于amateur《业余的)而言,如:a professional boner表“一名职业的拳击手”。career是强调其“终身为业”的意思。

 

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