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英文病句急诊室300句之32

chenjie 于2015-04-07发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   My wife charged the cosmetics by Visa. (x)
      My wife charged the cosmetics on Visa. (√)

charge sth (on sth)表“以某家信用卡支付某物”,为美式英语的用法。

2.   It is supposed to be a charitable event. (x)
      It is supposed to be a charity event. (√)

charitable是“慈善的”,通常用来形容机构或团体,如:a charitable institution / group 指“一个慈善机构/团体”。至于“为了做慈善而举办的活动” 一律用 charity. a charity event / concert / ball 即“一个慈善活动/音乐会瞬会”。

3.   The new drug works like charm.(x)
      The new drug works like a charm. (√)
      The new drug works like magic. (√)

charm作“魅力”解时,为不可数名词,如:She is a woman of great charm.(她是一个极具魁力的女人。) 作“护身符”或“咒语”解时,charm是可数名词。

4.   The repairman did not come cheaply, but he really did a great job.(x)
      The repairman did not come cheap, but he really did a great job.(√)

not come cheap = cost or charge a lot,意为“需花很多钱”,是固定用法。

5.   The rents for office buildings around here are very cheap.(x)
      The rents for office buildings around here are very low.(√)

cheap / expensive主要是对商品而言。修饰prices, costs, rents, wages, fees等应该用low / high。

6.   Please find enclosed a check of $200.(x)
      Please find enclosed a check for $200.(√)

a check for + 金额,为固定用法。

7.   The little girl has a rosy cheek.(x)
      The little girl has rosy cheeks.(√)

脸颊有两边,所以应该用cheeks才对。另外,表“无礼”时,用单数的。cheek(英式用法),如:He had the cheek to call me a liar.(他居然如此无礼,说我是骗子。)

8.   Among the symptoms of pneumonia are high fever, chill, and muscle pain.(x)
      Among the symptoms of pneumonia are high fever, chills, and muscle pain.(√)

“畏寒”的症状通常用复数形式chills。单数形式的用法见于catch a chill=catch a cold,即“感冒着凉”之意。

9.   I have no choice but take your advice. (x)
      I have no choice but to take your advice. (√)

have no choice but + 不定式 = cannot (choose) but + 动词原形,是“不得不……”的意思。

10.   The restaurant serves choosy steak. (x)
        The restaurant serves choice steak.(√)
 

choosy是形容词,意为“挑剔的”。choice也可作形容词,意为“上等/选的”,如:we serve choice steak because customers can be very choosy.(我们供应上等的牛排,因为顾客有时很挑剔。)

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