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英文病句急诊室300句之73

chenjie 于2015-04-16发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   She made a failing attempt to escape.(x)
      She made a failed attempt to escape.(√)

作形容词时,failed意为“失败的”,如:Mr. White is a failed father.(怀特先生是一个失败的父亲。)failing意为“衰退/体弱的”,如:Her father retired because of his failing eyesight.(她父亲因视力衰退而退休。)

2.   I’lll be there on time without failure.(x)
      I'll be there on time without fail.(√)
      Nobody is perfect: everyone has some failures.(x)
      Nobody is pe血ct: everyone has some failings.(√)

作名词时,failing是可数名词,意为“缺陷/点”。failure兼有可数和不可数的用法,意为:(1)失败(者),如;As an actor, he is a failure.=He is a failed actor.(作为演员他是一个失败者。)(2)器官衰竭,如:She died from kidney failure.(她死于肾脏衰竭。

3.   I hope all of you will play fairly.(x)
      I hope all of you will play fair.(√)

play fair意为“公平竞争/比赛”,是固定用法,其中的fair是副词。另一个固定的用法是fair and square,意为“诚实无欺地”,如:Make sure every deal is made fair and square.(每笔交易务必要诚实无欺。)其他情形可用fairly来表“公平地”,如:You're not treating them fairly.(你并没有公平地对待他们。)另外,fairly亦可指“相当地”,如:You speak Japanese fairly well.(你日文讲得相当好。)

4.   We've lost faiths in the government's promises.(x)
      We've lost faith in the government's promises.(√)

作“信心”解时,faith是不可数名词,如:have / lose faith in sb / sth就是“对某人/事有/没有信心”。作“宗教信仰”解时,faith兼有可数和不可数用法,如:People of different faiths will be invited.(届时将邀请一些不同宗教信仰的人士。)

5.   Hopefully, there will be a fall of oil prices.(x)
      Hopefully, there will be a fall in oil prices.(√)

a fall in+(数量、价格等)名词,如:There has been a fall in demand recently.(最近需求量在下降。)a fall of+(雨雪、树(叶等)具体名词,如:There was a fall of snow last night.(昨晚下雪了。)

6.   Luke had a heavy fall and broke his leg.(x)
      Luke had a bad fall and broke his leg.(√)

a heavy fall是用来说明“下雨/雪”,如:It is expected that there will be a heavy fall of rain this afternoon.(预计今天下午将有一场暴雨。)“重重地跌了一跤”应该说a bad / hard fall。

7.   At that time we were swimming under the fall.(x)
      At that time we were swimming under the falls.(√)

the falls或a / the waterfall指“瀑布”。

8.   Buying a secondhand car can sometimes be a fake economy.(x)
      Buying a secondhand car can sometimes be a false economy.(√)

fake和false意为“造假的”时,有共通之处,如a fake / false passport就是一本“假护照”。但a false economy(指本想省钱反而花更多钱之举)是固定用法。另一固定用法是a false alarm,即“虚惊一场”。

9.   That book has helped him make international fame.(x)
      That book has helped him achieve international fame.(√)

“成/出名”的说法是achieve / gain / rise to / win fame。另外,shoot to fame强调的是“很快就成名”。

10.   Nowadays single-parent family is increasingly common.(x)
        Nowadays single-parent families are increasingly common.(√)

作“家庭”解时,family是可数名词,如:Supporting a family of five on one salary is not easy.(单靠一份薪水来维持一家五口的生活可不容易。)作“家/亲人”解时,family是集合名词,通常用单数形式,如:They spent a week visiting family in Tokyo.(他们花了一个星期到东京探亲。)

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