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英文病句急诊室300句之84

chenjie 于2015-04-20发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   When Bill saw my new car, he turned red with envy.(x)
      When Bill saw my new car, he turned green with envy.(√)

be/turn green with envy表某人“显得非常嫉妒”。be / turn red with anger/embarrassment表某人“生气/尴尬到脸都红了”。两者皆为固定用法。

2.   I enjoy eating grilled duck a lot.(x)
      I enjoy eating roast duck a lot.(√)

grilled food指的是放在烤架上的“烧烤食品”,如:grilled shrimp/steak(烤虾/牛排)。放在烤箱/炉里烤的东西,须用roast这个词。

3.   A single accident happens, and traffic will go to a halt.(x)
      A single accident happens, and traffic will grind to a halt.(√)

grind本来指“将某物磨成粉末”,是及物动词的用法。表机器/车辆缓慢又不顺畅的“运转”时,grind是不及物动词。grind to a halt意为车辆等“慢慢地停顿下来”,是固定用法。

4.   At that time we were still in the grips of poverty.(x)
      At that time we were still in the grip of poverty.(√)

be in the grip of sth表“受制/困于某物”,是固定用法。另外,come to grips with sth表“积极处理某事”,如:It's time our government should come to grips with the economy.(该是政府积极处理经济问题的时候了。)

5.   The accused hesitated, seeming to grope words.(x)
      The accused hesitated, seeming to grope for words.(√)

fumble / grope for words意为“思索如何讲话或回答”,是不及物动词的用法。grope 也可作及物动词,如:I had to grope my way in the dark.(我只好在黑暗中摸索前进。)grope one's way是固定用法。

6.   He lost his balance and fell on the ground.(x)
      He lost his balance and fell to the ground.(√)

纯粹讲“位置”或作较“静态”的描述时用on the ground,如:That little boy lay on the ground crying.(那个小男孩躺在地上哭。)作“动态”的描述用to the ground。

7.   The hospital is small, but its ground is very large.(x)
      The hospital is small, but its grounds are very large.(√)

指学校、医院、饭店的周遭园区,用复数形式grounds。

8.   On what ground am I fired?(x)
      On what grounds am I fired? (√)

作“理由”解时,用复数形式grounds,如:My father had to retire on (the) grounds of poor health.(我爸爸因健康欠佳必须退休。)

9.   These accusations are not grounded.(x)
     These accusations are groundless / unfounded. (√)

作“有根据的”解时,须用be grounded in / on sth,如:Her argumeut is grounded in fact.(她的论点有事实根据。)表飞机“被迫停留地面”或人员“被禁足”时,可以直接使用be grounded,如:The jetliner was grounded because of a thunderstorm.(因为雷雨关系,这架喷射客机暂缓起飞。)或如:The child is grounded main.(这孩子又被禁足了。)

10.   As you know, money does not grow in tees.(x)
        As you know, money does not grow on trees. (√)

sth does not grow on trees是指“某物得来不易,应该珍惜”,为固定用法。另外,sth grows on sb是指“某人逐渐喜欢某物”,如:Classical music began to grow on me after a long while.(过了好久一阵子之后,我才开始喜欢古典音乐。)此句的另一说法是:I grew to like classical music after a long while.
 

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