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英文病句急诊室300句之89

chenjie 于2015-04-20发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   The weather in here is very sultry.(x)
      The weather here is very sultry.(√)

in here只能用于一个(有范围的)空间里,如:This is my office. You can stay in here for a while(这是我个人的办公室。你可以在里面待一会儿。)

2.   There are hiding cameras everywhere, so be on your guard!(x)
      There are hidden cameras everywhere, so be on your guard!(√)

hidden是.‘被隐藏的”或“不为人知的”,如:Her hidden talents as a dancer have recently been discovered.(她跳舞方面不为人知的才艺最近被发掘出来了。) hiding是“(供)隐藏的”,如:It is a good hiding place.(这是一个很好的隐藏地点。)另外,give sb a good hiding是“痛殴/修理某人’,之意。

3.   The price of oil reached a new height last week.(x)
      The price of oil reached a new high last week.(√)

指“价格或指数的高点”一律用high,如:a new/all-time/record high即是指‘“新高或历史新高点”。height是“高度”,如:She's about the same height as you(她大约跟你一般高。)

4.   I enjoy reading historic novels.(x)
      I enjoy reading historical novels. (√)

historic 是“历史上有名的”或“会在历史上留下记录的”之意,如:There are many ancient historic sites in Rome.(罗马有不少历史古迹。)historical是“根据历史的”或“曾在历史上存在的”,如:Is Odysseus a historical figure or fictitious chalactei?(奥迪修斯是历史人物抑或虚构的角色?)另外,“历史书籍/博物馆”的说法是history books / museums。

5.   Turning around, I hit a goblet and it broke into pieces.(x)
      Turning around, I knocked over a goblet and it broke into pieces. (√)

hit作“撞击”解时.其行为通常来自车辆戴某人(故意或非故意)的动作,如:A pedestrian was hit by a speeding car this morning.(有一名行人今早被一部超速的汽车给撞了。)或如:The boy slipped and hit his head on the wall.(那个男孩滑了一跤,头撞到了墙上。)“不小心撞倒/打翻某物”须用knock over sth。

6.   They hit me on the stomach.(x)
      They hit me in the stomach.(√)

hit sb on the arm / back / shoulder,但hit sb in the face / eye / stomach,即比较“硬”的部位用on,比较“软”的部位用in。

7.   The movie was a heat at the box office.(x)
      The movie was a hit at the box office. (√)

作“非常成功或很热门的人物”解时,hit是可数名词,如:The comedian is now a hit with people of all ages.(这名喜剧演员现深受各个年龄层的人士喜爱。)heat意为“炎热“,是不可数名词。另外,hit亦可表“暗杀”,如:The media tycoon was gunned down by a hit man.(这位媒体大亨被职业杀手枪杀了。)a hit man/squad指的是“一名职业杀手/一个暗杀小组”。

8.   Baseball is the national hobby in the U.S.(x)
      Baseball is the national pastime in the U.S. (√)

hobby和pastime意义很接近。前者表“嗜好”,通常指“益智或陶冶性情的(个人)业余活动”,如:My favorite hobby is cooking.(我最喜欢的嗜好是烹饪。)后者表“用以打发时间的消遣”。

9.   A bellboy came over and held my suitcase.(x)
      A bellboy came over and took hold of my suitcase.(√)

hold sth表“已拿着某物”,如:He held a stick in his hand.(他手里拿着一根棍子。) take / get hold of sth是“开始拿某物”。

10 .  The lieutenant was held a prisoner for three months.(x)
       The lieutenant was held prisoner for three months.(√)
 

hold sb captive / hostage / prisoner(均不加冠词),意为“抓住某人当俘虏/人质/囚犯”,是固定用法。
 

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