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英文病句急诊室300句之90

chenjie 于2015-04-21发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   Who is the current world 400 m record keeper?(x)
      Who is the current world 4oo m record holder? (√)

holder是“保持人”或是“持有人”之意,如:ticket / passport holders就是指“持票者/持护照者”。keeper“管理员”,如:a park / lighthouse keeper即是“公园/灯塔/管理员”,而a goalkeeper则是“足球守门员”。

2.   My dad has 45% holding in the company.(x)
      My dad has a 4s% holding in the company. (√)

holding意为“持股”或“持有土地”时,是可数名词。

3.   My socks have a few holes on them.(x)
      My socks have a few holes in them.(√)

a hole/two holes in sth.为固定用法,如:Look, here is a hole in the ozone layer.(你看,此处臭氧层有一个破洞。)或如:There is an obvious hole in the law covering drunk driving.(适用于醉酒驾车的这条法令显然有漏洞。)

4.   Shall we stay here or go to their home?(x)
      Shall we stay here or go to their house? (√)

指“自己的家”时,用go / stay at / leave home。指“别人的家”时,说go to / stay at/leave sb's house。

5.   Honestly, Jill is really not my type.(x)
      To be honest (with you), Jill is really not my type. (√)
      To tell (you) the truth, Jill is really not my type.(√)

honestly(可置于句首或句末),主要用来强调说话者希望听话人相信自己所言为真,如:It was not my fault. honestly.(老实说,这并非我的错。)但告诉别人你的判断或真正感受时,须用to be honest (with you)或to tell (you) the truth。像Jill is really not my type,这个句子无关“是非真假”,只是个人的判断或感受,不宜用honestly来强调。

6.   Do I have to go there again? I don't hope so.(x)
      Do I have to go there again? I hope not. (√)

英文并没有I don t hope so.的说法,只有I hope so.或I hope not.这两种说法。

7.   I hope you would get well soon.(x)
      I hope you will get well soon.(√)

hope表“希望某事/物能发生或成真”.其后的从句不宜接含有“虚拟语气”的would。

8.   I hope against hoping that the girl will show up.(x)
      I hope against hope that the girl will show up. (√)

hope against hope (that)...表“明知其不可能但一再希望某事发生”,为固定用法。

9.   Hopeful, we'll get our money back.(x)
      Hopefully, we'll get our money back.(√)

hopeful是形容词,表“对某事抱很大的希望”,如:Everyone in our company is hopeful about the future.(公司里的每个人对将来都很乐观。)hopefully是副词,常置于句首,强调希望成真。

10.   They all felt hopeless because they had worked hard and failed. (x)
        They all felt disappointed because they had worked hard and failed.(√)
 

hopeless表“无望的”,通常用来形容某种情况而非人,如:The outlook for the unemployed seems hopeless.(失业者的前景似乎不被看好。)形容“人的失望/气馁”须用disappointed / discouraged/disheartened。不过,hopeless还是可以用来形容“人”,表:(1)差劲的,如:My wife is a hopeless cook(我老婆菜做得很差。(2)极端的类型,如:Peter is a hopeless romantic.(彼得是一个极其浪漫的人。)
 

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