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英文病句急诊室300句之125

chenjie 于2015-04-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   The bunch of flowers is wrapped in a newspaper.(x)
      The bunch of flowers is wrapped in newspaper.(√)

指“一/两份”报纸时,newspaper为可数名词,如:Kevin sat in the corner reading a newspaper.(凯文坐在角落里看报纸。)但是指报纸的“纸张”时,newspaper为不可数名词,如:Old newspaper can be recycled.(旧报纸是可以回收的。)

2.   I remember it was a nice and warm day. (x)
      I remember it was a nice warm day.(√)

nice and+adj.=very+adj.,表“非常/极为……”,如:It is nice and cool in the woods.(在这片森林中极为凉爽。) 但是若用来修饰名词时,须去掉and,如:It is a nice cool day, isn't it?(今天真是凉爽,是不是?)

3.   Noctttrnal animals are active only in the night.(x)
      Nocturnal animals are active only at night.(√)

in the night专指“在夜里的某一特定时候”,如:A burglar sneaked into their house in the night.(有一名小偷在夜里潜入他们家了。) at night 指的是“在(整个)夜晚”。

4.   You can call me any time, day and night.(x)
      You can call me any time, day or night.(√)

day and night =night and day=all the time表“日以继夜不停地”,如:I had to work day and night to support a family of five.(我必须日以继夜地工作以维持一家五口人的生活。)day or night = night or day表“在白天或夜晚(随时)”之意。

5.   No body was there to greet us.(x)
      Nobody was there to greet us.(√)

“没有人”应该说nobody或no one。 no body=not a dead body意为“没有一具尸体”,如There was no body found.(没有找到任何尸体。)

6.   None of my parents got a college education.(x)
      Neither of my parents got a college education. (√)

mone对不可数名词表“没有”,如:It's none of your business.(这没有你的事。)对(三者或以上的)可数名词表“无一”,如:None of my friends agreed to my proposal.(我的朋友们都不赞成我的提议。) neither针对两者,表“无一”。

7.   Look, someone is talking nonsenses.(x)
      Look, someone is talking nonsense. (√)

nonsense为不可数名词,指的是“荒唐的想法/意见”等。talk nonsense是“胡说八道”的正确说法。

8.   The supply of water and electricity is now back to the normal.(x)
      The supply of water and electricity is now back to normal.(√)

normal可兼为名词和形容词。作形容词时,表“正常的”,如:Your child is perfectly normal.(你的孩子十分正常。)作名词时,表“正常的状态/程度”。come back / be back / return to normal是“恢复正常”的固定说法。

9.   The money just disappeared before my nose.(x)
      The money just disappeared under my nose.(√)

“在某人的面前”应该说under sb's (very) nose才正确。这个词组强调的是“该注意却未注意”。另外,before sb's eyes亦表“在某人的面前”,但这个词组强调的是“在某人注视之下”,如:They came to blows before everybody's eyes.(他们就在众目睽睽之下扭打起来。)

10.   You should take a note at every lecture.(x)
        You should take notes at every lecture.(√)
 

在上课中或阅读时“做笔记”的英文说法是take/make notes(恒用复数)。take note (of sth)是“注意(某事)”之意,如:If the people are criticizing any policies, politicians ought to take note.(如果人民在批评任何政策时,政治人物就该注意了。)另外,write / leave a note是“写/留一则字条”之意。

 

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