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英文病句急诊室300句之126

chenjie 于2015-04-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   The cake is a cinch to make. There's nothing in it.(x)
      The cake is a cinch to make. There's nothing to it.(√)

There is nothing in it是说“蛋糕里面没有任何东西”,与前文不能连贯。There is nothine to it.早说“这件事很简单,没什么了不花。”

2.   The meeting is adjourned until a further notice.(x)
      The meeting is adjourned until further notice.(√)

notice表“通知(的行为)”时,是不可数名词。until further notice(直到另行通知为止),是固定用法。但表“布告/启事”时,notice是可数名词,如:We've put up a notice on the door to say we're open.(我们在门口张贴布告,声明本店开张。)

3.   A negative attitude will get nowhere.(x)
      A negative attitude will get you nowhere.(√)

get/go nowhere是指计划/提议/工作等“在原地踏步,没有任何进展”,如:Our investigation got nowhere.(我们的调查工作没有任何进展。)而get sb nowhere是“使某人一事无成”。

4.   There are several naked scenes in the movie.(x)
      There are several nude scenes in the movie. (√)

naked意为“裸露的”,但这个词是针对人的身体或部位而言的,如:The police found the body lying half naked in the grass.(警方在草丛中发现了那半裸的尸体。)nude这个词除了有naked的含意外,另有“呈现裸露场面的”之意。

5.   I don't need the exact figure. Just give me a complete number.(x)
      I don't need the exact figure. Just give me a round number.(√)

英文的“整数”的说法是a round number,即尾数是“零”的数。这是因为阿拉伯数字中的0是圆的。“奇数”是an odd number;“偶数”是an even number。

6.   All these phone calls have been driving me nut. (x)
      All these phone calls have been driving me nuts.(√)

nut作名词时,主要表:(1)坚果;(2)疯子:(3)热衷者,都是可数用法。但nuts=crazy,是形容词,意为“疯狂的”。所以go nuts=go crazy(发疯),drive sb nuts=drive sb crazy(把某人逼疯)。

7.   Witnesses are required to take an oath in a court of law.(x)
      Witnesses are required to take the oath in a court of law.(√)

take the oath专指“在法庭上宣誓绝不说谎”。take/swear an oath则指其他方面的“宣誓”,如:All new American citizens must officially take an oath of allegiance.(所有美国的新公民都必须宣誓效忠国家。)

8.   I am afraid you have become a subject of ridicule.(x)
      I am afraid you have become an object of ridicule.(√)

指人时,subject专门指“被实验的对象”,如:The subjects of the experiment are between the ages of 16 and 21.(这个实验的对象是介于16岁和21岁之间的人。) object指的是引起他人有兴趣或其他情绪的“对象”,如:Street people are often objects of pity. (流浪街头的人经常是被同情的对象.)

9.   What are your career objects? (x)
      What are your career objectives?(√)

object和objective均可表“目标”,但,object通常指的是“某种行/活动的”目标,如:The object of the game is to promote parent-child relations.(这个游戏的目标是要加强亲子关系.)但特指“事业/生涯/政治/经济”方面的目标时,须用objective 。

10.   The salesclerk is very obliged.(x)
        The salesclerk is very obliging.(√)
 

be / feel obliged to do sth表“有义务做某事”,如:I felt obliged to tide him over.(我觉得我有义务助他度过难关。) obliging是形容词,表“态度亲切的”。

 

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