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英文病句急诊室300句之169

chenjie 于2015-05-09发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   Eating habits change from country to country.(x)
      Eating habits vary ! differ from country to country.(√)

change表(本质上)全面或局部的“改i转变”或“调整”,如:The signal changed from red to green.(信号灯从红灯转成绿灯。)或如:You should change your lifestyle.(你应该调整一下你的生活方式。)vary强调的是多样性的“变化”。

2.   In fact, my older sister is a vegetarian. She doesn't even eat eggs or cheese. (x)
      In fact my older sister is a vegan. She doesn't even eat eggs or cheese.(√)

vegetarian(素食主义者),不吃鱼肉,但偶尔吃点蛋类或乳制品。相比之下,vegan的自我要求更为严格,非但如此,连蛋类、乳制品都不吃,有人甚至连动物制品皮带/鞋都不用。所以a vegan相当于a strict vegetarian.

3.   He used to give a vent to his anger by beating his children. (x)
      He used to give vent to his anger by beating his children.(√)

作“通风/出气孔”解时,vent是可数名词,如:There is a small air vent in the ceiling.(天花板上有一个小小的排气孔。)give vent to sth表“发泄某种强烈的情绪”,不加冠词,是固定用法。

4.   How could you stand his oral abuse? (x)
      How could you stand his verbal abuse? (√)

oral表“口说/服的”。verbal兼指“口说或使用文字的”,verbal abuse表“粗鲁的谩骂”,是固定说法。

5.   The project will face strong opposition frotn vested interest. (x)
      The project will face strong opposition from vested interests. (√)

a vested interest in sth表“对某事物强烈的兴趣并关切”,主要是因为有利益可期待,如:He has a vested interest in seeing the incumbent re-elected.(他极为关切现任者的再次当选。)vested interests指的是“获利团体”或“既得利益者”。

6.   The virtual pianist gave a brilliant performance last night. (x)
      The virtuoso pianist gave a brilliant performance last night.(√)

virtual表“简直就是……的”,如:All his servants live like virtual prisoners.(他所有仆人过的日子简直就像囚犯一样。)另外,virtual reality表计算机所创造出来的“虚拟实境”。virtuoso表“名家/大师/巨匠的”。

7.   My son doesn't wear any glasses. He has a twenty-twenty vision. (x)
      My son doesn't wear any glasses. He has twenty-twenty vision. (√)

表“视力”时,vision为不可数名词,twenty-twenty vision表“视力正常”。表“想象/幻想(画面)”时,vision为可数名词,如:I had visions of being attacked by a pack of wild dogs.(我曾经幻想自己被一群野狗攻击的画面。)

8.   Could you please hun down your voice? (x)
      Could you please lower your voice? (√)

turn down sth表“调低(电视、音响等)音量”,如:Turn down the music / radio /volume, will you?(请把音乐/收音机/音量关小声点,可不可以?)“降低讲话的声音”应该说lower your voice.

9.   When it comes to the problem of pay, the workers speak with one sound. (x)
       When it comes to the problem of pay, the workers speak with one voice.(√)

speak with one voice表某些人对某问题“有同样的看法或意见”,是固定说法。

10.   Considering he is so young, he has a lot of vocabulary. (x)
        Considering he is so young, he has a wide vocabulary.(√)

vocabulary表“词汇”,是某人所懂的单词的全部。have a limited/wide vocabulary 表某人“拥有的词汇有限/颇丰”,是固定说法。另外,表“扩充/增加你的词汇”,可说enlarge / expand / increase / build up your vocabulary。

 

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