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英文病句急诊室300句之170

chenjie 于2015-05-09发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   Let's have an election on where to go for our vacation. (x)
      Let's have a vote on where to go for our vacation.(√)

election主要是针对(公职)人选作投票选举。vote则兼有对人选或议题作投票表决。

2.   I think I'll drop a vote for the young and vigorous candidate. (x)
      I think I'll cast a vote for the young and vigorous candidate. (√)

cast a vote/ballot for sb是“投票给某人”的固定说法。drop sth (into...)则表“投入/下某物”,如:I dropped a coin into the vending machine.(我在那台自动销售机里,投入了一枚硬币。)

3.   The man pulled a stack of 100-dollar bills out of his pocket. (x)
      The man pulled a wad of ioo-dollar bills out of his pocket. (√)

a stack of sth通常是“一又叠/堆(书报、唱片等)”,如:On her desk is a stack of CDs.(她的书桌上有一叠CD.)“一叠钞票”应该说a wad of bills / banknotes(英式说法)。

4.   Tony earns a daily salary of $75. (x)
      Tony earns a daily wage / pay of $75.(√)

salary指的是按月/年给的“固定薪水”,如:The  CFO receives an annual salary of a million dollars.(这位财务长的年薪为1,000,00()美元.)wage是指每小时/天/周的“工资”。

5.   Since we don't have an umbrella with us, let's stay here and wait for the rain.(x)
      Sirxe we don"t have an umbrella with us, Ices stay here and wait out the rain.(√)

wait for sb/sth表“等候某人/物来到”,如:What are you waiting for?(你在等什么啊?)wait out sth表“等候某种(不愉快的)情况过去”。另外,wait up (for sb)表“熬夜不睡等候某人回来”,如:I'll be back very late tonight, so don't wait up (for me).(我今晚会很晚回来,所以早点睡,不用等我。)

6.   These volunteers are people from all walk of life. (x)
      These volunteers are people from all walks of life. (√)

from all walks / every walk of life表“来自社会的各阶层”,是固定说法。

7.   My grandpa is very erudite. He's a living dictionary. (x)
      My grandpa is very erudite. He's a walking dictionary. (√)

a walking dictionary/encyclopedia指的是“一个很有学问的人”,活像一部字典或百科全书似的。另外,a living legend指的是“一个现在仍活跃的传奇性人物”,如:The Harry Potter series has made its author a living legend.(哈利波特系列的书籍已使该作者成为一个传奇性人物。)

8.   Intelligence operations play a very important role in the modern warfare.(x)
      Intelligence operations play a very important role in modem warfare.(√)

warfare表“战争”的形态,是不可数名词,如:chemical/nuclear / jungle / guerrilla warfare就是指“化学/核/丛林/游击战”。war表“战争(行为)”,兼有可数和不可数的用法,如:It's a war that neither side will win.(这是一场双方都不会赢的战争。)或如:We had no choice but to declare war.(我方别无选择,只好宣战。)

9.   Always have warm-up before you do any strenuous exercise.(x)
      Always have a warm-up before you do any strenuous exercise. (√)
      Always warm up before you do any strenuous exercise.(√)

warm-up表“暖身”,是可数名词,其动词的说法是warm up.

10.   The DVD player is still under warrant. (x)
         The DVD player is still under warranty. (√)

warrant是法院开出的“搜索/逮捕令状”,如:The court has issued a warrant for his arrest.(法院已对他发出逮捕令.)warranty是某家公司产品的“保修书”。under warranty表“在保修期限内”。
 

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